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Art Elements and Principles of Design

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Terryl Mryholm

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of Art Elements and Principles of Design

Elements of Art
and Principles of Design
Elements of ART
Basic components artists use to
create works of visual art. The elements are line, shape, form, value, texture, space, and color
.

a continuous mark made on a surface by a drawing instrument
SHAPE
form
Is three dimensional and encloses
space. Form has length, width,
and also depth.
VALUE
changes from dark to light areas used to create the illusion of three dimensions on a two dimensional surface.
TEXTURE
space

defines the open areas between, around, or below an object. positive space is filled by a shape or form. Negative space is the open areas around or within a shape or form.
COLOR
a color has hue(color name), intensity (strength), and value (lightness or darkness). The "Color Wheel" is the tool artists use to identify primary, secondary, and tertiary colors, and group color schemes.
principles of DESIGN
Ways artists organize the elements of art in works of visual art. They are:
balance, pattern, rhythm, emphasis, variety, and unity.
BALANCE
how parts of an artwork
are arranged to create a
sense of weight or interest.
Common types are
symmetrical, asymmetrical,
and radial.
when an artist arranges a
composition to place greater
attention on certain areas and
objects to create feeling in a
work of art. This could be
considered a "Focal Point".
EMphasis
Variety
the use of several elements of design to hold the viewer’s attention and
to guide the viewer’s eye through and around the work of art.
Movement
referring to a way of combining
visual elements to move the
viewers eye through the piece or
create a sense of action
Rhythm
Combining elements through
repetition, alteration, or
progression of a art element
to create movement in an artwork.
Proportion
The relation of one object
to another in size, amount
number, or degree.
Unity
How the elements and principles
work together to create a sense of
oneness or wholeness in a work of
art.
Pattern
repeating elements or a combination
of elements in a planned way.

An enclosed area determined
by line, value, texture, space,
or any combination of these elements. a shape is 2D or flat
2 dimensions: length and width.
Refers to how a picture
surface feels
or looks like it feels
Unity
How the elements and principles
work together to create a sense of
oneness or wholeness in a work of
art.
LINE
http://billymaysisalive.wordpress.com/2009/11/21/final-principles-of-design-posters/


Types of line:
Structural
Outline
Contour
Gesture
sketch
Calligraphy

REALISTIC
EXAGGERATION
HIERARCHICAL
Radial
Symmetrical
Asymmetrical
Contrast
Placement
How to create areas of emphasis in your artwork:

1. Contrast a shape with its surroundings.

Emphasis

2. Create a contrast of temperature

emphasis

3. Use a darker or lighter value

emphasis

4. Focus attention with converging lines

emphasis

5. Isolate the object you want to emphasize

Emphasis

6. Increase an object’s intensity of color
Similarity: Repeating colors, shapes, values, textures, or lines creates a visual relationship between elements, called correspondence.
Continuation: A much more subtle method of unifying a work involves the continuation of line, edge or direction from one area to another.
Alternating
Progressive
William Greengrass: "Rhythm" 1953
Diego Rivera - "Liberation of the Peon", 1931
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