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States Added to the Union from 1800 - 1860
Transcript of States Added to the Union from 1800 - 1860
April 30, 1812
The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the United States. Louisiana was acquired by the U.S. on April 30, 1812 as a part of the purchase.
By Melissa Morris
March 1, 1803
Ohio became a state on March 1, 1803. However, it was not declared the official date of statehood until 1953, when President Dwight Eisenhower signed a document making it the official date.
An act was passed to let people write a constitution called the Constitution of Indiana. In 1816, it was written and President James Madison approved it, making Indiana the 19th state in the Union.
December 11, 1816
In 1817 a constitution was written that let Mississippi become a state. On Dec. 10, 1817, the western portion of the Mississippi territory became the state of Mississippi.
December 10, 1817
In 1817 Mississippi Territory was divided into the state of Mississippi and the territory of Alabama. On December 14, 1819, Alabama became a state.
Missouri was acquired by the U.S. as part of the Louisiana Purchase. It was admitted into the Union as a state on August 10, 1821.
Arkansas became the United States territory in 1803 from the Louisiana Purchase. The Arkansas territory required a minimum population of forty thousand to be a state. Arkansas had more than fifty-two thousand people living in the territory, which meant Arkansas could become a state. After voting on a state constitution, Arkansas was made the 25th state of the United States.
In 1835, the Michigan territory wanted to become a state, but statehood was delayed until 1837. The reason for that was because the territory was involved in the Toledo War, which was a boundary dispute with Ohio. On January 26, 1837, President Andrew Jackson signed a bill making Michigan the nation's 26th state.
When many people came to make their homes in Florida, people thought that it should become a state. Some thought Florida should be divided into two States, East Florida and West Florida, while others thought it should not be divided. Finally Congress agreed that Florida should come into the Union as one State, and the bill was signed by President John Tyler, on March 3, 1845.
Texas was acquired by the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase. After James K. Polk became the 11th president, Texas was admitted into the Union.
By about 1845, the population of the Wisconsin was over 150,000. That was more than twice the number of people required for it to become a state. In 1846, the state constitution was debated. The document made by this convention banned commercial banking, granted married women the right to own property, and much more. Most people considered the first constitution to be too radical, and it didn’t pass. In 1847, a second convention was called. The people of Wisconsin approved of the new constitution, and Wisconsin became the 30th state.
In 1846 the population of California was about 8,000, plus about 100,000 Native Americans. During the Gold Rush, over 300,000 settlers came. Between 1847 and 1870, the population of San Francisco increased from 500 to 150,000. On September 9, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850, California was admitted to the United States.
The Oregon Territory was officially made in 1848 and Oregon was admitted to the Union on February 14, 1859.
Settlers began arriving from Kentucky starting in 1810 by the Ohio River, and the population grew by a lot. In 1818, Illinois was admitted into the Union.
Maine was part of Massachusetts until 1820 when it voted to secede. It was admitted to the Union on March 15, 1820.
December 3, 1818
December 14, 1819
March 15, 1820
August 10, 1821
June 15, 1836
January 26, 1837
March 3, 1845
December 29, 1845
Iowa was acquired by the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase. Settlers voted whether or not to hold a constitutional convention to try and make Iowa a State, but each year they voted no, because they were fine with the laws and rights they had. They were afraid that their expenses would be higher if Iowa was made a State.
Finally, constitutional conventions were held, but the boundaries for Iowa could not be agreed upon, so the constitutions did not pass. In May 1846, another convention was held, and this time everything was agreed upon, and Iowa was admitted as the 29th State.
December 28, 1846
May 29, 1848
September 9, 1850
Minnesota became United States territory through the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
February 14, 1859
May 11, 1858