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Psychology

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by

Feiyu Chen

on 16 February 2014

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Transcript of Psychology

Multiple Personality Disorders
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Causes
what is dissociative disorders
Movie-Identity
1. Caroline, an '80s Hollywood TV actress
Symptom
Frequent gaps are found in memories of personal history, including people, places, and events, for both the distant and recent past.
Symptom
The individual experiences two or more distinct identities or personality states
Most patients have experienced severe physical and sexual abuse, especially during childhood.
Cause
Autism
Dissociative disorders (DD) are conditions that involve disruptions or breakdowns of memory, awareness, identity or perception.
At least two of these identities or personality states recurrently take control of the person's behavior.
Particular identities may emerge in specific Circumstances
Symptoms of depression, anxiety, passivity, dependence and guilt may be present.
Self-destructive and/or aggressive behavior may take place.
Movie-Identity
2. Edward, Caroline's driver and a former LA police officer.
9&10&11. York' s family, was trapped here by a car accident.
7&8. Rhode, a police officer; Robert, Rhodes' partner-in-crime
5&6. Ginny and Louisiana, a couple(trouble maker).
4. Paris, a Las Vegas hocker.
3. Larry, the motel owner.
Psychology
Phobia
Phobia--Agoraphobia
Definition: Unreasonable fear to specific objectives or situations.
Phobia--Specific Phobia
Definition: A phobia is an irrational and excessive fear of an object or situation.

Agoraphobia

Social Phobia

Specific Phobia
Phobia--Types
Definition: A fear of being in a crowded place or open space.(e.g. Shopping Malls, Airports, Bridges)
Hate Crowded Place
Unable To Leave Safe Heaven
Phobia--Social Phobia
Definition: Persons with social phobia are afraid of interacting in the society.
Fear of doing activities in public ( e.g. eating, speaking)
Animal Type: Dogs, Cats, Spiders, Snakes.
Natural Environment Type: Heights, Lighting, Thunderstorms.
Medical Procedures Type: Needles and Injections, Blood, Getting injured.
Fear Of Cats
Fear Of Needles
Reasons For Having Phobias
2, Education Method: Children who are spoiled by parents are more likely to get phobias.
Because they may become timid, shy, passive, introversive
Reasons For Having Phobias
1, Genetics: Certain phobia may run in families.
(e.g. Twins raised in different locations have the same Type of phobias)
Reasons For Having Phobias
3, Life Experiences: Many phobias are based in real-life events.
(e.g. The children was bitten by a dog and then had a fear of dogs)
How To Treat The Phobia
1, Medications: Balance the chemicals in the body, help patients to relax.
2, Behavior Therapy: Change patients’ responses to the object and situation that they fear, help them to control thoughts and feelings.
Autism
Autism is known as a complex developmental disability. People with autism have issues with non-verbal communication, a wide range of social interactions, and activities that include an element of play and/or banter.
What is Autism?
Experts believe that Autism presents itself during the first three years of a person's life. The condition is the result of a neurological disorder that has an effect on normal brain function, affecting development of the person's communication and social interaction skills.
JUST LOVE
CAN
U
LOVE
THEM
?
Obsessive compulsive disorder
What is
Obsessive-Compulsive
Disorder (OCD)?
Signs and symptoms of
obsessive-compulsive
disorder (OCD)
What causes OCD?
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Extremes
There is a constant stream of uncertainty, doubt, or fear in the person's mind.
anxiety disorder intrusive thoughts
repetitive behaviors reduce the associated anxiety
a combination of such obsessions and compulsions
starts during childhood or the teen years
Obsessive thoughts


Compulsive behaviors
Obsessive thoughts
Obsessive thoughts
Obsessive thoughts
Compulsive behaviors
Compulsive behaviors
Biological Factors

Environmental Factors
Biological Factors
Natural chemistry
Brain functions
Genetic component
Environmental Factors
Abuse
Changes in living situation
Illness
Death of a loved one
Work- or school-related
changes or problems
Relationship concerns
How is OCD treated?
Psychotherapy
Medication
Psychotherapy
cognitive behavior therapy

exposure and response prevention
Medication
Anti-anxiety medications
Antidepressants
Bother you?
Bother you?
Bother you?
Bother you?
Bother you?
Bother you?
Outline
Multiple Personality Disorders
Angel
Autism
Miffy
Phobia
Yentl
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Yalena
Full transcript