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Caribbean Islands

Puerto Rico, Cuba and Dominican Republic
by

Ify Onyima

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of Caribbean Islands

Caribbean Islands!
Puerto Rico:
Staple Foods
Puerto Rico:
Religious Influences on Food
Puerto Rico:
Immigration
Puerto Rico:
Health Concerns
Cuba:
Staple Foods
Cuba:
Religious Influences on Food
Cuba:
Immigration
Cuba:
Health Concerns
Dominican Republic:
Staple Foods
Dominican Republic:
Religious Influences on Food
Dominican Republic:
Health Concerns
Sources
Technically not immigrants, but U.S. citizens

Predominantly settled in NYC

Also settled in Miami, Boston, Chicago, Newark, Philadelphia, Cleveland, San Francisco, and Los Angeles
Majority came to escape communism when Fidel Castro became dictator in 1959

Most came from upper class

Settled mostly in Florida, nicknaming Miami, "Little Havana"

Big settlements also in urban areas of NJ, NY, IL, TX, CA
Dominican Republic:
Immigration
More than 27% live in poverty


Lowest median income in Latino population


Settled in the urban areas of NY, NJ, FL, MA
"Rice & Peas": Rice and Red Kidney Beans
Alcaparrado
: pickle mix of capers, olives, and cherry peppers

Recaito: a mix of onion, garlic, green herbs, and pepper.
- the two are often mixed with tomatoes to create Sofrito.
Caribbean Islands

Puerto Rico
Cuba
Dominican Republic



High Blood Pressure

Highest rates hypertension among the
3 groups

Higher Infant Mortality rate
10% of infants born in the U.S are of low birth weight and 13% born preterm.

Main Contributors:
Lack of health care - prenatal care
low socioeconomic (poverty)
Age (young mothers),
and education


Health Beliefs & Therapeutic Uses
of Food
Hot & cold food theory
Cold: bananas, coconuts, vegetables.

Hot: chilies, garlic, chocolate, coffee, evaporated milk, infant formula, and alcoholic beverages.

Cool: fruit, chicken, whole milk, honey, onions, peas, and wheat.
Obesity
low exercise and cultural norms

Diabetes

Causes:
50% of recent immigrants only consumed eggs, rice, bread, legumes, lard, oil, and sugar.

79-100 percent reported never eating leafy greens and fresh fruits
Poverty & accessibility

Health Beliefs & Therapeutic Uses
of Food
Grapefruit and garlic for hypertension

Beets to treat anemia and flu

Star anise to treat intestinal pain and gas

Teas with cinnamon, honey, lemon, or orange are used for colds and coughs

Health Beliefs & Therapeutic Uses
of Food
Low Dietary variety & micro nutrient content

Obesity associated with a traditional diet
Beans, rice, poultry, and oils.

Type 2 diabetes
Hot & cold food theory

Spirits & devils cause illness

Concerned with blood flow (balance)
Sizisman - disruption of normal blood
Febles - anemia

"Rice & Peas": Black Beans and Rice
Picadillo: Beef, tomatoes, olives (saltiness), raisins (sweetness), and garlic

Meal Patterns




Lunch/Dinner include a fish, poultry, or meat alongside fried plantains, rice & beans, and cassava.
Chicharrónes de pollo: lime and soy sauce marinated chicken that is breaded and fried in lard.
Locrio: Rice and chicken, shrimp,
or sardines
Chicharrónes de pollo: lime and soy sauce marinated chicken that is breaded and fried in lard.
Mangu: Mashed plantains topped with onions fried in olive oil
+ eggs in Puerto Rico
+ eggs, salami in Dominican Republic
-toast and coffee for breakfast.
*Lunch is the largest meal
Syncretism
Catholic,
Traditional
evil eye, faith healing
St. Sebastian Feast Day
Tembleque
Athiest

Afro-Cuban, Judaism, Christianity
Triumph of the Revolution (Jan. 1), Children's Day (Apr. 4th)
Aceitunas Alinadas
Cuban Salad
Mashed Plantain (fufu)
Mango Bars
Tres Leche Cake
12 grapes eaten at midnight on
New Years
Similar to Puerto Rico
Christain/Roman Catholic
Syncretism

Christmas and Easter
Morir Sonando
Tostones
Puerto Rico. (2013, January 21). Retrieved March 17, 2015 from www.latinfamilyvalues.com/puerto-rico

Culture of Puerto Rico. (2007, March 27). Retrieved March 17, 2015
from http://www.everyculture.com/No-Sa/Puerto-Rico.html

Food In Cuba. Retrieved March 18, 2015 from
http://www.foodbycountry.com/Algeria-to-France/Cuba.html

Dominican Republic’s Culture: Caribbean, Colonial and Captivating. (2013, May 26).
Retrieved March 18, 2015 from http://www.isvolunteers.org/blog/dominican-republics-culture-caribbean-colonial-and-captivating/

Food, Dining and Drinks in the Dominican Republic. (2013, March). Retieved on March 18, 2015 from
http://www.safaritheglobe.com/dominican-republic/culture/food-drinks/

Acculturation
Many of their staple foods could be found here in Mexican markets

Decrease of fresh fish, pork, and tropical fruits

Increase of breads, cereals, milk, cheese, beef, poultry, convenience foods, soft drinks, high caloric snacks

Adjust to quicker/smaller lunches

Exposed to larger food portions
Ciment, J. (2001).
Encyclopedia of American Immigration
(Vol.2). Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe.
Kittler, P., & Sucher, K. (2008).
Food and Culture
(5.ed., International Student ed.). Belmont, Calif.: Thomson/Wadsworth
Montagne, L. (2015, March 13). Personal Interview.
Test Questions
1.
What is an alternate name for mashed plantain
?
A. Adobo
B. Tembleque
C. Fufu/Mangu
D. Aceitunas Alinadas
Presented By:

Caela Watkins
Ify Onyima
Brandon Venerable
Kristen Stewart
2.

Caribbean Islanders were exposed to larger _______ when they came to the U.S
.
?
A. Selection of tropical fruits
B. Food portions
C. Lunches
D. Guinea pigs
They do not follow Hot & Cold Theory


Pregnancy is a " hot" condition

High consumption of cool and cold food leads
to the common cough / asthma
Cubans use the biomedical model for physical symptoms but spiritual healing to restore balance.
Full transcript