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A presentation on the diagnosis, symptoms, and treatments of schizophrenia.

Christian Graham

on 20 April 2010

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Transcript of Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia A presentation on the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Dictionary.com defines schizophrenia as a severe mental disorder characterized by some, but not necessarily all, of the following features: emotional blunting, intellectual deterioration, social isolation, disorganized speech and behavior, delusions, and hallucinations

Schizophrenia is NOT a split personality Symptoms of Schizophrenia Schizophrenia symptoms often vary from patient to patient
Often those who suffer from schizophrenia have delusions - they can believe that they're under attack from the outside world, or may have false ideas of grandieur, persecution, or special powers They may have hallucinations, mainly about hearing voices, but some say they see, hear, smell, or taste things that others will not.
Also, their thoughts may be disorganized and hard to follow for others.

Other, less common smymptoms may include
Loss of drive - a person may not want to do things that seem like daily occurances for everyone else, such as washing dishes, cooking, etc.
Inability to express emotion
Social withdrawl
Difficulty concentrating Diagnosis of Schizophrenia Schizophrenia often first appears during childhood or early adulthood
It is possible for it to develop in older people, but far less common
In patients, episodes may only occur once in a lifetime, but for others it may continue to happen over and over again throughout life

While the onset of schizophrenia may occur rapidly for some, it may also take years to develop.

Diagnosis for schizophrenia, according to the DSM-IV requires that there be at least a 1 month duration of a "positive" symptom of schizophrenia. However, the DSM-IV also states that if the person in question exhibits especially bizzare dillusions or hallucinations, then the required month is no longer applicable. To further complicate the diagnosis of full schizophrenia, early treatment that uses anti-psychotics have side effects that mimic "negative" symptoms, or symptoms that cause the loss of normal function. Treatment Often, doctors prescribe antipsychotics to patients to deal with their first episodes.
Over time, schitzophrenics learn to deal and cope with the disorder, whether through support groups, or their own coping methods. Whenever patients are treated with antipsychotics, they often show positive improvment. However, many new antipsychotic drugs, often called "atypical antispsychotics," have been introduced recently.
However, many of these may have intense side effects such as the loss of all of your white blood cells If antipyschotic drugs are discontinued in patients, they show much larger relapse rates than those who continually take the prescriptions.
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