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Social-Ecological Approach

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on 12 May 2015

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Transcript of Social-Ecological Approach

Social-Ecological Approach


model diagram
Individual factors
Genetics
Gender
Race/Ethnicity
Age
Socioeconomic Status
Behaviors
Education
Occupation
Culture
Relationship Factors
Family
Peers
Intimate Partners
Social Groups
Religious Groups
Community Factors
Neighborhood
Schools
Workplace
Urban vs. Rural
Natural Factors
Accessibility to Facilities
Societal Factors
Economic Policies/ System
Political System
Justice System
Educational Policies
Physical Environment - Natural and Built
Health Care System
Basic Model For Public Health INterventions
Define the public health problem
Identify associated risk factors
Develop and evaluate intervention strategies
Develop and evaluate dissemination strategies
A Summary of The Social-Ecological Approach
" The complex interplay between individual, relationship, community and societal factors."
-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014)
INTERVENTIONS:
Educational Programs, Support Groups, Counseling, Mass Media
STRATEGIES:
Community Education, Support Groups, Peer Programs, Workplace Incentives, Social Marketing Campaigns

Urie Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory (1979)
Kenneth McLeroy's Ecological Model of Health Behaviors (1988)
Daniel Stokols's Social Ecological Model of Health Promotion (1992, 2003)
History of The Social- Ecological Approach
Mariah Shilts, Eleni Seitz, Kiersten Tosch
Pros & Cons of The Social-ECOLOGICAL APPROACH
STRENGTHS
integrate behavioral & environmental change
attention given to the interplay between personal and situational factors
PROs & Cons (Cont.)
LIMITATIONS
can be expensive and complex to implement in community programs
needs close coordination between people and groups
Full transcript