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Ancient Phoenicia

World History Project- Ancient Civilizations
by

Shayla Zew

on 7 November 2014

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Transcript of Ancient Phoenicia

Ancient Phoenicia
World History October 2014
Shayla Cox

About the Phoenicians
Phoenicia, meaning "land of palms", was on the Mediterranean coastal area of the Fertile Crescent, or Canaan. Their civilization lasted from 1550 BC to 300 BC. Rome and Classical Greece both called them “traders in purple” as of their resourceful skill of making beautiful purple dye from the Murex snail, a type of shellfish. They used this dye for royal clothing and other items. This group is also very well-known for inventing the world’s first alphabet, which is similar to the letters we use today.
Religious System
Sustainable Food Source
Cedar trees. Phoenicia's prized sustainable food source was definitely cedar trees, because they traded its lumber for almost all of the food they ate.
Water Source
Social Hierarchy
Trade Networks
Writing System
A Way to Mark Time
Cities
Central Government
The Phoenicians worshipped
gods, such as:
Astarte, the Queen of Heaven,
Shahar, the God of Dawn, and
Shalim, the God of Dusk.
Temples were where the Phoenician people sacrificed animals and sometimes even children to honor their precious gods.

Phoenicia had many glacier streams to drink from... and so they did.
These amazingly talented people, since 1400 BC, did indeed have a writing system. In fact, theirs was the world's first alphabet, and they were famed in Greece and Rome for this.
Social class includes priests, artisans, and royals (the king's relatives).
Phoenician cities include:
Arka
Arwad
Batroun
Beirut
Byblos
Safita
Sidon
Tripoli
Tyre
Ugarit
Zemar
and many more.
A council of elders always came with the king that ruled over everything; the all-important king. All hail the king!
They were expert sailors, and right around the outskirts of Africa, Iberia, Sicily, Sardinia, Crete, and Cyprus was were they went to work their trading magic.

This is the remains of a Phoenician calendar.
Full transcript