Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

AP European History DBQ Debrief 2014

By Fizel, Erica, Reejan, Maria, Nora, Lienna, Natalie
by

Natalie Deremiah

on 16 June 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of AP European History DBQ Debrief 2014

AP European History DBQ Debrief 2014
Prompt
Demonstrations by workers demanding better conditions began on June 28, 1956, at Poznań's Cegielski Factories and were met with violent repression
The Polish Peoples Republic used totalitarian methods from 1947-1949 and people wanted
POV: People were not heard by the government for the change they needed and thus, the author advocates that they need to be heard for reform to be enacted
Doc 1
In June, workers in the industrial city of Poznań went on strike, in what became known as Poznań 1956 protests
Stalinist were removed from power and Soviet officers were dismissed from the Polish Army
Poland was starting to experience economic as well as political difficulties
POV: Polish communism was corrupt and capitalist , in need of reform
Doc 2
The Church, subjected to partial property confiscations, remained largely intact, the marginalized to a considerable degree intelligentsia retained its potential to affect future reforms, the peasantry avoided wholesale collectivization and remnants of private enterprise survived.
In 1949 the Communists attempted to curtail the influence of the Roman Catholic church.
Church did not approve Soviet Union because communism did not allow religion, Polish People's Republic tried to eradicate religion
Beginning in the early 1970s the Church moved from a defensive stance to a more aggressive stance in speaking in defense of human rights.


Doc 5
He is credited being the spiritual inspiration behind its downfall and catalyst for "a peaceful revolution" in Poland.
Poland's Communist government unsuccessfully tried to embarrass John Paul II and undermine his popularity by falsely asserting he had an illegitimate son
He was the second longest serving Pope, first being Pope Pius IX
Służba Bezpieczeństwa was the largest security organization in Poland established by the Peoples Party and tried to kill Pope John Paul II

Doc 7
June 1976 protests broke out because Prime Minister announced the raising of food prices due to increasing debt
The 1976 disturbances and the subsequent arrests and dismissals of militant workers brought the workers and the intellectual opposition to the regime back into contact.
In the aftermath, a group of intellectuals founded the opposition organization Workers' Defense Committee whose aim was to fight official repression of the protesting workers.
POV: Workers' Defense Founders
Doc 4
Edward Gierek replaced Wladysaw Gomulka as first secretary of the ruling Polish United Workers Party
He was removed after the labor strikes and was replaced by Gdnask Agreement
Polish communist party was founded in 1918 as a result of a mix of the
Social Democratic Party of the Kingdom of Polan
d and the
Lithuania

1980, after another food-price hike led to a strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk—a strike of which he was one of the instigators the nationalism spread to other areas of Poland
Solidarity, the Polish trade union, was the first independent labor union in a country that belonged to the Soviet Bloc
Lech Walesa is a Polish politician, trade-union organizer and human-rights activist who organized Solidarity.
In the 1980s, Solidarity was a broad anti-bureaucratic social movement, using the methods of civil resistance to advance the causes of workers' rights and social change.
31 August 1980 -- unemployed Polish electrician Lech Walesa struck a major blow to Soviet communism when, after leading a strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, he announced the official birth of the Solidarity independent trade union.
Doc 11
Wałęsa worked closely with the Workers' Defense Committee (KOR), a group that emerged to lend aid to individuals arrested after 1976 labor strikes and to their families
This organization was the first major anti-communist civic group in Poland, came out of the June Protests
KOR worked with outside countries to smuggle in machines for printing and money for the workers'
Doc 6
Wojcieh Jaruzelski was the last communist leader of the Polish Peoples Republic
He resigned from power after the Polish Round Table Agreement in 1989 which led to democratic elections in Poland.
Known for his military forces quelling democratic protests
Economic issues worsened and people were unhappy and left the country
POV: Workers' oppositions was inevitable because of the economic and social situation in Poland at the time

Doc 12
1. Analyze the factors that contributed to the emergence of a workers’ opposition movement in communist Poland in the period 1956–1981.
Historical Background:
After the Second World War, Poland became part of the Soviet bloc and the Polish communist party had a virtual monopoly on power.

Groups
Church Relations
Demonstrators
Politicians
Doc 3
Doc 8
Doc 9
Doc 10
1981, Solidarity movement consisted of 10 million people, most represented by the Polish work force
In the 1980s, Solidarity was a broad anti-bureaucratic social movement, using the methods of civil resistance to advance the causes of workers' rights and social change
July 1981, Government releases ration cards for meat and rises food prices
In mid-1981, amid widespread economic crisis and food shortages, thousands of Poles, mainly women and their children, took part in several hunger demonstrations, organized in cities and towns across the country.

The committee of the independent trade unions was founded in America in 1944
Their goal was to help trade unions in other countries, to keep them non communist
The Americans thought that they lost Eastern Europe to to their assistance
Decided to help other countries such as Greece, Italy, and Turkey
The 21 Demands proposed by the Strike Committee in August of 1980 are what inevitably led to the creation of Solidarity
Communism was characterized by constant shortages of consumer goods and bad management
Workers were suppressed by force and promised pay rises.
In Gdañsk, the government keenly agreed to significant pay increases for workers but this time the strike did not stopffgggghhj jjbbbb
Autopsy Phrases
DBQ AP EUROPEAN HISTORY EXAM 2014 DEBRIEF
By the end of the Cold War, the Soviet Union continued to be prominently dominant over many of its smaller surrounding countries, such as Poland. These nations made up what was known as the Soviet Bloc and Poland established up the Polish People's Republic, a Communist government. However, this government was soon confronted with difficulty in the face of revolt with the newly formed workers' opposition party. There were many factors that led up to the revolt of the Soviet Bloc in Poland; however, it was mostly a result of the protesters and demonstrators who supported the movement, along with the Church, although they varied, and the politicians that were devoutly Catholic.
Church Relations
Demonstrators
Politicians
The Church was subjected to partial property confiscations
Church did not approve Soviet Union because communism did not allow religion
The newly formed Polish People's Republic, or PPR, tried to eradicate religion
Poland's Communist government unsuccessfully tried to embarrass John Paul II and undermine his popularity by falsely asserting he had an illegitimate son
Solidarity, the Polish trade union, was the first independent labor union in a country that belonged to the Soviet Bloc
1980: a strike where Lech Walsea was an instigator, nationalism spreading to other areas of Poland
1956; Stalinist were removed from power and Soviet officers were dismissed from the Polish Army
The 1976 disturbances and the subsequent arrests and dismissals of militant workers brought the workers and the intellectual opposition to the regime back into contact.
Workers' Defense Committee (KOR), a group that emerged to lend aid to individuals arrested after 1976 labor strikes and to their families
The committee of the independent trade unions was founded in America in 1944. Goal was to help trade unions in other countries and to keep them non communist
Communism was characterized by constant shortages of consumer goods and bad management
In the 1980s, Solidarity was a broad anti-bureaucratic social movement, using the methods of civil resistance to advance the causes of workers' rights and social change
The Polish Peoples Republic used totalitarian methods from 1947-1949
People were not heard by the government for the change they needed and thus, the author advocates that they need to be heard for reform to be enacted
As a result of the unjust government actions, Polish Peoples Republic, the people started to riot in 1956.
While the Polish trade union was founded in September, 1980, it was soon suppressed by the government in December, 1981
Because Pope John Paul II was Polish, people became more aware of the harsh and unjust conditions in Poland and were more willing to help.
Due to the fact that Poland had to help the Soviet Union pay for the Arms Race with America, this lead to many economic hardships.
Furthermore, since Poland was broke they had to raise the prices of food and basic commodities which lead to protests.
In addition to economic problems Poland suffered from many political instability and was unable to resist the Workers Opposition.
The result was the first Polish Trade Union, Solidarity also the first non-communist trade union in the Warsaw Pact (Soviet Bloc).
On June 1956 workers in the Industrial city of Poznan went on strike and riots due to the fact that the government had denied the demands of workers for a better wage.
This resulted in Lech Walesa's rise to power as he advocated for the Solidarity movement and an end to communism.
Tension between the public service workers and conservative government led by Donald Tusk, which resulted in workers starting to oppose the communist government.
In 1989, Solidarity, the Polish trade union, became the first independent labor union to hold its own free elections in the Soviet-bloc nation, which meant that the hold of Soviet Union and communism in Poland was starting to weaken.
5 Minute Outline
1. What was communist Poland?
What was the emergence of the workers’ opposition movement?
What were the factors that contributed to the movement during 1956-1981?
2. -Poland became the People’s Republic of Poland after WWII
-Poland became a member of the Warsaw Treaty Organization in 1955
-PRP’s 3 year plan during 1947–49 used totalitarian methods
-Stalin created the Union of Polish Patriots
-Polish Constitution of 1952 established the People's Republic of Poland
-Polish United Workers' Party formed in 1948
-Wladyslaw Gomulka: leader of the Communist Party of Poland
-Poland financed Soviet Union Arms Race against America
-Martial law in Poland (1981-83)
-The Workers’ Defense Committee (KOR): Polish civil society group
3. Church Relations: Docs 5, 7, 11
Protesters: Docs 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10
Politicians: Docs 1, 3, 12
4. AP EXTRAS:
-Round Table Talks
-Gomulka described as “professorial in manner, aloof, and angular, with a peculiar spry pepperiness
-Pope John Paul II wanted “to place his Church at the heart of a new religious alliance that would bring together Jews, Muslims, and Christians in a great [religious] armada.”
The 1980's strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, where Lech Walsea announced the official birth of the Solidarity Independent Trade Union, resulted in nationalism being spread to other areas of the Polish nation as Soviet communism was beginning to be torn down.
While the Committee of the Independent Trade Unions was founded in America in 1944 in order to maintain global capitalistic order, the Workers' Defense Committee, or the KOR, emerged in Poland in 1976 to aid persecuted individuals that participated in labor strikes.
1.)
The variation of the Catholic Church's point of view on Communism, their reluctance to granting acceptance on Communism, Communist's failed attacks on religion, and the spread of other -isms all ultimately helped workers in the workers' opposition movement.
Polish communist party was founded in 1918 as a result of a mix of the Social Democratic Party of the Kingdom of Poland and the Lithuania
Economic issues worsened b/c Soviet Union Arms Race vs. America; people became unhappy and left the country
Workers' oppositions was inevitable because of the economic and social situation in Poland at the time
As a result of the Polish funding of the Soviet Union Arms Race against the United States of America, Poland's economy declined and many citizens became unhappy with the dysfunctional Communist government and fled the nation.
2.)
The result of the protesters' and demonstrators' unyielding support, creation of committees, and civil resistance movements advanced the worker’s opposition movement.
Wojcieh Jaruzelski was the last communist leader of the Polish Peoples Republic
3.)
The politicians ruling the government ignored the Polish people’s cry for change, bad economic decisions and social crisis ultimately forced the workers into the workers' opposition movement.
Full transcript