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Sacred Music and Secular Music

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Jan Raymar Rosales

on 15 June 2015

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Transcript of Sacred Music and Secular Music

Sacred Music and Secular Music
What is Sacred Music?
Is the official journal of the Church Music Association of America, and the oldest continuously published journal of music in North America. It is the essential resource for every Church musician, professional or amateur, who is interested in the restoration of the sacred in Catholic liturgical life
It is also performed or composed for religious gatherings and fellowship.
How about Liturgical and Devotional Music?
Liturgical Music
was originated as part of religious rite and includes traditions in both ancient and modern
Devotional Music
accompanies religious observances and rituals.
What are the Kinds of Sacred Music?
1.
Mass
-is a sacrament of the Eucharist mostly
celebrated by the Roman Catholic Church.
e.g

"Glory to God, Holy, Creed"
2.
Pastores
-is a Christmas season folk dance and song. It reenacts how the shepherds visited the child Jesus in a manger.
Through a song the actors and actresses go from one house to the other, singing "daygon" (worship.


They use songs with happy moods that wave a uniform message.
e.g.
3.
Senakulo
- is a Lenten play that is a dramatic presentation of the Passion of Jesus Christ -- his trial, suffering and death.
is performed during Holy Week in the Philippines. It takes eight nights -- from Palm Sunday to Easter -- to present the entire senakulo.


derived from the Spanish cenáculo, meaning "cenacle," which is the place where Jesus Christ celebrated the Last Supper with his disciples
e.g.
4.
Pasyon
-(Spanish: Pasión)

is a Philippine epic narrative of the Passion, Death, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ. In stanzas of five lines of eight syllables each, the standard elements of epic poetry are interwoven with a colourful, dramatic theme.
The entirety of the text is chanted during the Lenten season and particularly during Holy Week. Its uninterrupted recitation is a popular Filipino Catholic devotion.
e.g.
5.
Salubong
- is a traditional Filipino devotion that
reenacts the encounter of the risen Christ with his
mother. In communities in the Philippines, on the
morning of Easter Sunday, statues of the risen Christ
and of the blessed mother are carried through town
in two separate processions.
The participants in the procession are segregated by gender. The men and boys follow the image of Jesus Christ, while women and girls follow the image of Mary. The procession ends with the two groups meeting in the church, where Mass is said.
e.g.
6.
Flores

de

Mayo
-from Spanish flores or "flowers," also known as Flores de Mayo (flowers of May), Flores de Maria (flowers of Mary) or alay (offering), may refer to the whole Flower Festival celebrated in the month of May in honor of the Virgin Mary .
In the Tagalog region, this custom and celebration started after the proclamation of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception in 1854 and after the publication circa 1867 of Mariano Sevilla's translation of the devotional Flores de Maria or Mariquit na Bulaclac na sa Pagninilaynilay sa Buong Buan nang Mayo ay Inihahandog nang manga Devoto cay Maria Santisima
(The Flowers of Mary or the Beautiful Flowers that in the Meditations During the Whole Month of May are Offered by Devotees to Mary the Holiest)
e.g.
7.
Santacruzan
-
is a religious-historical beauty pagent held in many cities, towns and even smll villages throughout the Philippines during the month of May. One of the most colorful May-time festivals in the Philippines which depicts the finding of the Holy Cross by Queen Helena, mother of Constantine the Great. Many movie and television personalities participate in the events and are featured as major sagalas and escorts.
The festivity commemorates the search of the Holy Cross by Queen Helena (Reina Elena) and her son, the newly converted emperor Constantine. After the Holy Cross was found in Jerusalem and brought back to rome, there was a joyful celebration for thanksgiving.
e.g.
Any Question? Clarification?

Before we proceed.
Secular Music
Secular means being separate from (not associated or concerned with) religion. In the West, secular music developed in the Medieval period and was used in the Renaissance. Swaying authority from the Church that focused more on Common Law influenced all aspects of Medieval life, including music.
Words are an important part of secular music. Words were added for most and many common people to sing songs together for entertainment. Music styles were changed by
secularization
.
What is
Secularization
?
is the transformation of a society from close identification with religious values and institutions toward nonreligious (or irreligious) values and secular institutions.
1.
Harana

was a traditional form of courtship in the Philippines wherein men introduced themselves and/or wooed women by singing underneath her window at night.
It was widely practiced in old Philippines with a set of protocols, a code of conduct and a specific style of music.
e.g.
A variation of the harana is called
tapat
, which is practiced in small towns in Ilocos. This variant involves the usual serenading by the man, but the lady also answers in song. The reply usually hints that the man has to court her for a long time. The man counters with an even more passionate song, and the exchange continues until the pair come to an understanding. Similar to this is the Maranao
tubad-tubad
, where the repartee is in verse rather than in song.
2.
Balitaw

Is a song that is usually a topical debate genre performed between a male and female, the original form believed to be derived from pre-Hispanic courtship genres mentioned above.
In the Visayas, Balitaw is both a song and dance using lyrics which are ideally humorous and performed spontaneously to a preconceived theme, similar in ways to calypso singing on Trinidad. Most balitaw now, however, are sung to memorized verse using a standard melody and chord progression.
e.g.
3.
Kumintang

a style of Philippine music and dance from the 19th century a traditional Filipino love song.
It is also the ancient poetic name for the Philippine province of Batangas.
The
kumintang
is the name given to several distinct styles, techniques and forms in music and dance probably originating in the areas used by early Spanish cartographers and chronicles to denote a large province centering around what is known as Batangas. Early 19th-century travelers' accounts often mention the kumintang as a Tagalog "
chant nationa
l", describing them as dance-songs performed by pairs of men and women, with texts concerning love and courtship.
e.g.
How about
Kundiman
?
Is a genre of traditional Filipino love songs. The lyrics of the Kundiman are written in Tagalog. The melody is characterized by a smooth, flowing and gentle rhythm with dramatic intervals. Kundiman was the traditional means of serenade in the Philippines.
The
Kundiman
came around to be an art song at the end of the nineteenth century and by the early part of the twentieth century, its musical structure was formalised by Filipino composers such as Francisco Santiago and
Nicanor Abelardo
(
February 7, 1893-March 21, 1934); they sought poetry for their lyrics, blending verse and music in equal parts.
Prepared by:

Mr. Jan Raymar O. Rosales
Any Question class?
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