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Transcript of Pazzi Chapel
Pazzi Chapel is located in Florence, Italy. During the Renaissance, Florence was one of many cities that thrived.
During the Renaissance, the area that we identify today as Italy was divided into multiple city-states. Florence was one of those city-states. In Florence, the family that was in power was the Medicis.
Looking at the front, there is an entrance hall, or atrium, onset with 6 Corinthian columns that are next to the central arch.
Two sides are covered by a barrel vault with round windows.
Portico: Before walking into the chapel, one would see a small dome right above as he or she would step onto the porch. It has a coffered ceiling, and the small dome is decorated with fresco painting. The painting is supposed to imitate the sky on the evening of July 4th, 1442. In order to do that, the colors used were royal blue and a gold-yellow. There is also repetition of a circular design on this dome. In the middle of the dome, there is the Pazzi family seal: two dolphins.
P: At that time, Italy was not actually known as Italy, it was divided into city-states, and Florence was one of them. Each city state was had its own oligarchy. The leading family in Florence that ruled "behind the scenes" was the Medici family.
E: The geographic position of the Italian City states allowed them to prosper economically. The sustaining wealth that they acquired came from trade, and it allowed time for the city-states to focus on other areas, like art.
R: The religion was Christianity. The Renaissance was a time where people focused their art on things other than religion. Religious works were still prominent, however.
S: Obviously, not everyone was wealthy enough to focus on art. Art was used as a status symbol in a way because those who had it could buy it.
I: The Renaissance was a time when Humanism, Individualism, and Secularism arose. These themes were visible in many artworks and were the subject in many writings.
A: The Italian Renaissance was a revival of the Classics such as Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece. Art imitated their styles, and new techniques were also used, such as linear perspective.
The patron of the Pazzi Chapel was the Pazzi family, specifically Andrea de' Pazzi.
The intended audience was the Christians in the area. Many people attended for mass, including Lorenzo the Magnificent (he was part of the Medici family)
The audience's view of this artwork has changed because it has changed from a chapel to a museum.
Name: Pazzi Chapel (Cappella dei Pazzi)
Artist: Filippo Brunelleschi
Style: early Renaissance
Period: Italian Renaissance
Patron: Andrea de’ Pazzi
Audience: Christians and the Pazzi family
Medium: glazed terracotta, masonry, concrete
Techniques: harmonious proportions, fresco painting, mathematical calculations
Function: served as a Church and as Santa Croce's chapter house
Theme: Religion, Authority, Wealth
Arch motif of the portico is repeated in the inside, including another dome.
More arches on the side walls. Side walls also have blind windows that imitate the windows from the front.
The dome rests on the barrel vaulting of the two side windows, the pendentives have medallions representing the four Evangelists. Dome has small round windows in it that provide dim lighting.
When looking towards the altar, the white stucco background emphasizes the stone moldings. Above the altar there is another small dome.
The specific proportions that Brunelleschi included were a direct allusion to the Classics (Ancient Greek and Roman). Brunelleschi studied art such as the Pantheon to recreate such proportion.
The central dome has clerestory lighting which is incorporated with the small windows. Clerestory can be traced all the way back to Egypt.
This work was not actually finished by Brunelleschi, he died before he could finish it.
Another reason for why it was incomplete is that some of the members of the Pazzi family were involved in a conspiracy against the Medici family.