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The History of Palestine

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Malak Elayyan

on 23 November 2015

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Transcript of The History of Palestine

The History of Palestine
Religious History
Political history
Jerusalem
The city of Jerusalem is known in Arabic as Al-Quds or Baitul-Maqdis ("The Noble, Sacred Place"). Jerusalem is perhaps the only city in the world that is considered historically and spiritually significant to Jews, Christians, and Muslims alike.
For Muslims
Perhaps you are wondering why Jerusalem is considered a holy city in Islam?
Jerusalem is known as the land of many prophets, such as Abraham, Mousa, Dawoud, Suleiman, Ishaq, Lut, Issa, and Muhammad - peace be upon them all. They all taught the Oneness of God.

• Prophet Issa peace be upon him was born in beit Lahim, lived in Nasrah and was raised to the heavens from Jerusalem

• Prophet Ibrahim peace be upon him lived and died in Al-Khalil. This city was named after prophet Ibrahim who is known as Khalilu Ar-Rahman ( The true friend of Allah)

• Prophet Mohammad peace be upon him visited Palestine on the night of Isra' and Mi'raj, when Gabriel alayhi Assalam miraculously took the prophet from Al-Masjid Al-Haram in Mecca to the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem. He was then taken up to the heavens to be shown the signs of God. Prophet Mohammad met the previous prophets and led them in a prayer in Al-Aqsa Mosque before he was taken back to Mecca. This journey is mentioned in the Qura’n in Surat Al-Isra’a

First Qiblah for Muslims
Jerusalem was the first Qiblah for Muslims. It was during the second year after Hijrah, that prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was instructed to change the Qiblah from Jerusalem to Mecca.
For Christians
For Christians, Palestine is considered the birthplace of Christianity.
Many cities and villages trace the footsteps of Issa, his mother Maryam, his cousin Yahya, and his uncle Zacharia peace be upon them all.
Christians perform pilgrimage to the holy cites in Palestine every year



For Jews
Palestine also traces the footsteps of other prophets:
Dawood, alayhi-salam, the king of Israel, who united the jewish tribes in Jerusalem in the year 995 BC .
Sulaiman, alayhi-salam, who built the first Jewish temple in 961 BC. This temple contained the ten Commandments which were revealed to prophet Mousa , alayhi-salam.
Today, Jews pray at the wailing wall which is part of the foundation of Al-Aqsa mosque. Jews claim that the wailing wall is the remainder of Salaiman's temple


Political History

Palestine entered Islam peacefully, in the year 638, during the time of the 2nd Khalifa Omar Ibn Al- Khattab. Palestine was then mostly a Christian country. Omar granted Christians the freedom to live peacefully and practice their religion in Palestine.
Crusaders from Europe attacked Palestine and captured Jerusalem in the year 1099. Tens of thousands of Arab Muslims and Christians were massacred in the court of Al-Aqsa mosque.
In the year 1187, the great Muslim leader Salahuddein Al-Ayyoubi faught and defeated the Crusaders and captured Jerusalem back. Jerusalem was restored to it’s Glory as one of the most prominant centers of the Muslim civilization. This is during the golden age of Islam when the Muslim nation spread from the far east (China) to the far west (Spain) and Muslims were the source of many inventions and sciences.
Palestine stayed under Muslim Control until World war I when Palestine and all the Arabic and Muslim countries were under the Muslim Ottoman empire.
Many Jews were living in Europe and were treated with hostility and discrimination

Theodore Herzl
In 1896, Theodore Herzl, the founder of the Zionist movement tried to find a political solution 'The Jewish State'. He advocated the creation of a Jewish state in Argentina or Palestine.
In 1906 the Zionist congress decided the Jewish homeland should be Palestine.
The seed of the Jewish state
In 1907 Britain called for a conference between European countries. The report emphasized that the Arab and Islamic unity presented a very real threat to European countries, and it recommended the division of their unity by inducing a foreign country in that region and they chose Palestine as target.
In 1916, Palestine went under the British control after the ottoman empire lost in world war I
1917 - Balfour Declaration
In 1917, the British Secretary of State “Arthur Balour“ pledged the Jews complete
British support for a Jewish national home in Palestine

Jewish Migration
After 1917, Jews started massive migration from Europe to Palestine with the strong British help and support
Palestinians continued protesting against the Belfour declaration.
Many Palestinian leaders were killed by the British and the Jews due to their strong opposition.

1948 Nakba (The catastrophe)
1967 Naksah
In 1967 another major catastrophic event happened when the second war took place between the Arabs and the Jews. The war lasted only six days but it was another big loss for the Arabs. The rest of the land was occupied by the jews. Many Palestinians lost their lives, many others lost their homes, and many were taken hostages.
Unfortunately, until this day Israel has been commiting many crimes aginst the Palestinians.
• They have deprived the Palestinians the right to live a free life.
• They forced many palestinians out of their homes and land
• They denied the Palestinian refugees to right come back
• They built many Jewish settlemets on Palestinians lands
• They are still assasinating many Palestinians and putting many others in prisons including children and women.
• Jews have commited many masacers of wiping out Palestinian cities and villages.

Islamic Connecion
Islam handles
diversity
and differences between people in the best manner,which protects everyone's
rights
and establishes
peace
and
harmony
. On the other hand the concept
diversity
remains to be a key factor in the conflict between the Israelis and Palestinians because the Israelis claim that they are the chosen people so they have the right to be masters and others must be slaves.
In May, 1948, the first war errupted between the Palestinians supported by the Arabic countries and the Jews supported by the British and the Americans.
The Arabs were strongly defeated and thousands of Palestinians were killed and almost 50% of Palestinaian were forced out of their homes and villages.
Israel occupied 78% of Palestine.
1948-1967 Jews continued ethnic cleansing of Palestinians by destroying Palestinian homes and villages and forcing Palestinians out.

References
Internet:
http://www.palestinehistory.com/history/brief/brief.htm#06

http://www.onislam.net/english/oimedia/onislamen/images/Politics/2013/03/Al-Quds.swf

http://www.albalagh.net/kids/history/palestine.shtml


Books:
A History of Modern Palestine By: Ilane Pappe
Ethnic Cleansing of Palestine By: Ilane Pappe
Witness in Palestine By: Anna Baltzer

By: Malak Elayyan
Tradition
clothes: Qumbas (men) Thobe(women)
Money: Laira
Population: 4.047 million
language: Arabic
Prophets in Palestine

Palestinian suffering
My grandparents
Full transcript