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21 SPANISH SPEAKING COUNTRIES

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on 4 September 2013

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Transcript of 21 SPANISH SPEAKING COUNTRIES

21 SPANISH SPEAKING COUNTRIES
PANAMA
GUATEMALA

Natural resources: textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, tourism
Guatemala is located in Central America.
Guatemala has one of the highest malnutrition rates in the world.
Government: constitutional democratic republic
Guatemala became independent from Spain in
1821. It was part of the mexican empire
before becoming independent from that in the 1840s.
The national bird is the quetzel
The lyrics of the Guatemalan anthem were written by a cuban





Peru
Natural resources: mining and petroleum
Location: along the coast of Western South America
Economy: mining is it' s main economic activity
Government: Presidential Representative Democratic Republic
Population: 30,135,875 as of 2012
Climate: very diverse; containing 28 of the world's 32 climates
History: in 1542, the Spanish Crown established the Vice royalty of Peru. Viceroy Francisco de Tolendo recognized the country in the 1570s because of their silver mining.
The average lifespan of a woman there is 71 years.
There are 1701 species of birds that inhabit the country
Peru is the biggest producer of gold in South America
Costa RIca
Natural resources: timber, hydroelectric power, sugar, coffee, corn
Location: Central America; right above Panama
Economy: lots of tourism
Government: Presidential Representative Democratic Republic; it is slightly unstable
Population: 4,133,882
Climate: tropical year round
There are 800 miles of coastline
More than 25% of Costa Rica's land is dedicated to national parks
A large number of citizens are bilingual
Equitorial Guinea
Natural resources: petroleum
Location: On the coast of West Africa
Economy: Huge swings in GDP growth
Government: Presidential Republic
Population: 676,000
Climate: tropical with distinct wet and dry seasons
History: In September 1968, Spanish Guinea was granted independence and became the Republic Equatorial Guinea with Macias Nguema elected as president.
Equatorial Guinea has the highest literacy rate of the Sub-Saharan Africa region
The average citizen there makes $2 an hour

Chile
Natural resources: minerals
Location: Southern South Africa
Economy: from 2003 to 2012, growth averaged almost 5% a year.
Government: Representative Democratic Republic
Population: 17,402,630 as of 2012
Climate: diverse climate that ranges from the world's driest desert to the humid subtropical in Easter Island
History: On the 12th of February 1818, Chile was proclaimed an independent republic.
The capital of Chili is Santiago de Chile.
The Atacama dessert is said to highly
resemble Mars.
The national sport of Chili
is Chilean Rodeo
Honduras
Natural resources: sugar, coffee, and textiles.
Location: Central America
Economy: the second poorest country in Central America
Government: Presidential Representative Democratic Republic
Population: 7,483,763
Climate: the climatic types of each of the three physiographic regions differ
History: Honduras became independent from Spain in 1821 and was for a time part of the First Mexican Empire until 1823
Columbus’ first words upon discovering Honduras were “Thank God we got out these great depths!”
The Bay Islands sit on the second largest coral reef
in the world.

Venezuela
Natural resources: petroleum
Location: Northern South America
Economy: Highly dependent on oil revenues, which account for 95% of export earnings.
Government: federal presidential republic
Population: 29,278,000 as of 2011
Climate: varies from humid low elevation plains to glaciers and highlands.
History: declared independence on 5 July 1811
The capital of Venezuela is Caracas.
Venezuela is considered to be amongst the 17 most bio diverse countries in the world.
Panama
Natural resources: copper, mahogany, hydro power.
Location: separates Central America from South America
Economy: Panama's judicial system is vulnerable to political interference
Government: representative democracy
Population: 3.571 million as of 2011
Climate: Panama has a warm, wet and tropical climate
History: Panama was claimed by the Spanish in 1501.
Panama is the only place in the world where you can see the sun rise on the Pacific and set on the Atlantic.
Baseball is the most common sports in the country, along with boxing and soccer.
Panama is situated south of the hurricane alley, so is generally not affected by tropical storms or hurricanes.

Natural resources: food processing, oil
Location: Northern South America
Economy: Economic development is stymied by inadequate infrastructure
Government: presidential representative democratic republic
Population: 46.93 million as of 2011
Climate: Below 900 meters (2,953 ft) in elevation is the tierra caliente (hot land), where temperatures vary between 24 and 38 °C (75.2 and 100.4 °F). About 86% of the country's total area lies in the tierra caliente.
History: proclaimed independence in 1819.
Bogotá is the capital city of Colombia.
does not have any particular season
around 12% of the world's coffee is produced in Colombia



Columbia
Equador
Natural resources: petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals
Location: Western South America
Economy: substantially dependent on its petroleum resources
Government: republic
Population: 13.2 million
Climate: mild year-round in the mountain valleys, with a humid subtropical climate in coastal areas and rainforest in lowlands.
History: May 24, 1822, Ecuador gained its independence after Antonio José de Sucre defeated the Spanish Royalist forces
Quito is the capitol
uses United States Dollar
the smallest country in the Andean highlands.

Uruguay

Natural resources: food processing, electrical machinery, petroleum products
Location: Southern South America
Economy: Unemployment rate: 19.4% (2002)
Government: constitutional republic
Population: 3,413,329
Climate: warm temperate
History: The nation's first constitution was adopted on 18 July 1830
The capital of Uruguay is Montevideo
has one of the highest grades of literacy in Latin America
The infant mortality rate is around 13.9/1000


Bolivia
Natural resources: mining, petroleum, tobacco
Location: Central South America
Economy: one of the poorest and least developed Latin American countries
Government: republic
Population: 8,586,443
Climate: varies with altitude; humid and tropical to cold and semiarid
History: broke away from Spanish rule in 1825
Capital of Bolivia is La Paz
The United States is the largest trading partner of Bolivia.
Currency of Bolivia is Boliviano.

Nicaragua
Natural recources: food processing, textiles, clothing, petroleum
Location: Middle America
Economy: one of the hemisphere's poorest countries, faces low per capita income
Government: republic
Population: 5,128,517
Climate: tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands`
History: Independence from Spain was declared in 1821
The capital city of Nicaragua is Managua.
Corn is the staple food of Nicaragua.
Nicaragua is famous for its dance form, known as 'Palo de Mayo'.

Peurto Rico
Natural recources: pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products; tourism
Location: Caribbean
Economy: Puerto Rico has one of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region
Government: commonwealth
Population: 3,885,877
Climate: tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation
History: In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the indigenous population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War.
Capital: San Juan
National Anthem: La Borinquena (The Puerto Rican)
member of US

Dominican Republic
Natural resources: tourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco
Location: Caribbean
Economy: experienced dramatic growth over the last decade, even though the economy was hit hard by Hurricane Georges in 1998.
Government: representative democracy
Population: 8,715,602
Climate: tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation; seasonal variation in rainfall
History: attained independence as the Dominican Republic in 1844.
Puerto Rico is roughly the size of Connecticut.
Puerto Rico's unofficial mascot is a tiny tree frog found only on the island.
Puerto Rico has over 270 miles of beaches.

Spain
Natural resources: agriculture, tourism
Location: Southwestern Europe
Economy: Unemployment steadily falling
Government: parliamentary monarchy
Population: 40,217,413
Climate: temperate
History: Spain's powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany
one of the world’s leading countries in renewable energy. Football (soccer) is its most popular sport.
the majority of Spaniards are catholic.

Argentina
Natural resources: food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel
Location: Southern South America
Economy: Argentina benefits from rich natural resources, a highly literate population, an export-oriented agricultural sector, and a diversified industrial base.
Government: republic
Population: 39,144,753
Climate: mostly temperate
History: gained independence from Spain in 1816
Current President, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, was the first woman President to be elected in Argentina.
Average life expectancy in Argentina is 76 years.
The hottest and coldest temperatures ever recorded in South America have occurred in Argentina.

Cuba
Natural resources: petroleum, nickel/cobalt, pharmaceuticals, tobacco, construction, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, sugar
Location: Caribbean
Economy: planning for wide-ranging economic changes.
Government: command
Population: 11,061,886 as of 2013
Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)
History: US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 assisted the Cubans in overthrowing Spanish rule. Followed a series of unstable governments leading to today’s
Cuba is the most populated country in the Caribbean.
Cuba is the 16th-largest island in the world by land area.
The Manjuarí, a pre-historical fish is now only found in Cuba

El salvador
Natural resources: food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals
Location: Central America
Economy: El Salvador has the third largest economy in the region.
Government: republic
Population: 6,108,590 as of 2013
Climate: El Salvador experiences a tropical climate, with the rainy season beginning in May and ending in October. The dry season begins in November and extends to April.
History: achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war, which cost about 75,000 lives, was brought to a close in 1992
El Salvador’s currency is the US dollar
known to have some of the most active volcanoes in Central America.
Out of all the Central American countries, it’s the only that doesn’t have a Caribbean coast line.


Paraguay
Natural resources: sugar, cement, textiles
Location: Central South America
Economy: market economy
Government: constitutional republic
Population: 6,036,900
Climate: subtropical to temperate
History: Paraguay got independence from Spanish rule on May 14, 1811. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo Stroessner was overthrown in 1989
Facts: 1-Capital of Paraguay is Asuncion. 2-Currency of Paraguay is Guarani. 3- Cerro Pero, at an altitude of 842m, is the highest point in Paraguay.

Mexico
Natural resources: food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism
Location: central America
Economy: free market economy with a mixture of modern and outmoded industry and agriculture
Government: federal republic
Population: 104,959,594
Climate: varies from tropical to desert
History: under Spanish rule for three centuries before achieving independence early in the 19th century.
The official name of Mexico is Estados Únidos Mexicanos Mexico introduced chocolate, corn, and chilies to the world Mexico’s size is 756,066 square miles, which is almost three times larger than Texas.
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