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Rhetorical Devices

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by

Jessie Findora

on 16 February 2015

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Transcript of Rhetorical Devices

Rhetorical Devices
Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds in a sequence of nearby words
I lie down by the side of my bride
Caricature
A description of characterization that exaggerates or distorts a character's prominent features, usually for purposes of mockery.
Mr. Chadband is a large yellow man, with a fat smile, and the general appearance of having a good deal of train oil in his system. Mr. Chadband moves softly and cumbrously, not unlike a bear that has been taught to walk upright. He is very much embarrassed by the arms, as if they were inconvenient to him, and he wanted to grovel; is very much in perspiration about the head; and never speaks without first putting up his great hand, as delivering a token to his hearers that he is going to edify them.
Cliche
A familiar expression that has been used and reused so many times that it has lost its expressive power.
Opposites Attract
Epiphany
A sudden, powerful, and often spiritual or life-changing realization that a character experiences in an otherwise ordinary moment.
"Miss Brill is delighted to be part of the Season in the Jardins Publique, especially on Sundays. For the occasion, a chilly day, she has taken her fur from its box, brushed it off, and walked purposefully toward the band playing in the park. Everywhere around her she sees life, and it please her to think that she is part of all that takes place, part of a living organism that manifests itself every Sunday to see and be seen. In a moment of epiphany, she knows that she and everyone else in the park are actors, playing out their roles, and she is sure that her absence would be noticed if she were to miss the gathering one weekend."
Idiom
A common expression that has acquired a meaning that differs from its literal meaning.
Break a leg
Motif
A recurring structure, contrast, idea, or other device that develops a literary work's major ideas.
Motifs in The Scarlet Letter: Civilization vs. the Wilderness, Evocative Names, Night vs. Day
Onomatopoeia
The use of words such as pop or hiss where the spoken sound resembles the actual sound.
Oxymoron
The association of two terms that seem to contradict each other
act naturally
found missing
deafening silence
military intelligence
Hell's Angels
unbiased opinion
Paradox
A paradox is a sentence which defies logic and embraces absurdity, while holding on to truth and compelling one to think.
There was only one catch and that was Catch-22, which specified that a concern for one's safety in the face of dangers that were real and immediate was the process of a rational mind. Orr was crazy and could be grounded. All he had to do was ask; and as soon as he did, he would no longer be crazy and would have to fly more missions. Orr would be crazy to fly more missions and sane if he didn't, but if he were sane he had to fly them. If he flew them he was crazy and didn't have to; but if he didn't want to he was sane and had to. Yossarian was moved very deeply by the absolute simplicity of this clause of Catch-22 and let out a respectful whistle. (p. 56, ch. 5)
Pun
A play on words that uses the similarity in sound between two words with distinctly different meanings
Rhetorical Questions
A question asked not to elicit an actual response but to make an impact or call attention to something.
Will the world ever see the end of war?
Antithesis
1. A person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else
2. A contrast or opposition between two things
Batman and Joker
Dorothy and the Wicked Witch
Good and Evil
A technique that an author or speaker uses to evoke an emotional response in the audience (the reader(s) or listener(s)). These emotional responses are central to the meaning of the work or speech, and should also get the audience's attention. Usage of rhetorical device techniques can give an auxiliary meaning, idea, or feeling to the literal or written.
Nobody goes to that restaurant; it's too crowded
Don't go near the water until you have learned how to swim
The man who wrote such a stupid sentence cannot write at all
A man walks into a psychiatrist's office wearing only shorts made of plastic wrap. The psychiatrist says, "Well, I can clearly see you're nuts."
The butcher backed up into the meat grinder and got a little behind in his work.
Did you hear about the guy who got his whole left side cut off? He's all right now.
There is a hole in the nudist colony wall. Police are looking into it.
"We must learn to live together as brothers or perish together as fools." Martin Luther King, Jr.
Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice
Many are called, but few are chosen.
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