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South Korean Foodways

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by

Joseph Ebert

on 9 December 2015

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Transcript of South Korean Foodways

Cost of Groceries
Rice, readily available at any grocery store or market - $4 for 2.5 pounds

Bread, specialty - $2 per loaf

Lettuce - $0.18 per 0.1 kg

Cabbage - $1.00 per head

Fruits- very expensive as compared to vegetables

Chicken and pork about $4 for 1.1 pound

Monthly cost of food: $295.53
Namdaemun Market in Seoul
Napa Cabbage used for Kimchi
Outside Influences on Food Intake
Foods grown in greenhouses within the country

Geography contributes to consumption of fish

Integration into global economy

Healthiest Foods Represented by Korea
Kimchi - low in calories, high in vitamins, healthy bacteria

Fish- fresh caught

High-fiber, low fat diet
Red dates at weddings symbolize fertility

Rice cakes served in soup
Half moon shape - people are a working progress
Different fillings in cakes hold different meanings

“Good food is best for medicine”

Focus on the five elements
Variety of colors in food - wisdom of nutritional balance
Encourage five servings of fruit and vegetables daily

Symbolism in Food
Korea’s “Thanksgiving” - September

Songpyeon (type of rice cake) is main dish

Served with a variety of food including: freshly harvested fruit, soup, beef jerky, sweet rice drink, seasoned vegetables, and pancakes

Food in Ritual
Chuseok

Oldest son makes bow to food, offers a glass of alcohol and bowl of rice to ancestors
Then he marks the cross on the rice and leaves spoon embedded in rice at 45 degree angle
Everyone else bows together
Soup then replaced with nureungji (scorched-rice water) mixed with three spoons of rice
Other sons bow, one at a time, then everyone else bows together
Once the ritual is done, the family sits down and enjoys the food
Ritual of Charye for Chuseok
Christianity- 55.1%
Catholic- 20.6 %
18th C. - Yi Seung-hun
Early Catholic persecution
Protestant- 34.5%
19th C. - North American Missionaries
Operate a vast amount of educational systems, colleges, and hospitals today

Buddhism- 43%
Several tens of thousands of temples across the country

Others- 1.9%
Confucianism, Won Buddhism, Jeungsangyo, Daejonggyo, Cheondogyo, and Islam

Major Religions in Korea (2005)
South Korea: Basic Facts
Capital: Seoul

Population: 50.22 million (2013)

Average Life Span: 81

Language: Korean

Location: Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the East Sea and the Yellow Sea

Climate: temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter

Any Questions?
Brandon Brockman, Joseph Ebert, Alyssa Kazemi, Bryan Konicek, and Taylor Przybylski
South Korean
Foodways

Who usually prepares the meals?
Traditionally
Women do all of the cooking
Mainly older generation
Today
Men are taking more interest
Women in the workforce
More shared cooking responsibilities
Cooking shows with male cooks
It is seen as “sexy”

Soups and stews are very common “soup culture”
Developed as a way to get though famine
Boiling meat with bone along with vegetables

Fermented veggies
left out for hours or days to marinate

Meat, fish, seafood, and eggs are often served raw

Knives are not common at the table
Meat and vegetables are usually pre-cut

What special cooking techniques are used?
South Korean Health Issues
Average Life Span: 81

Leading Causes of Death
Stroke
Heart Disease
Ischaemic - reduced blood supply to the heart
Self-Harm / Suicide
Important Values
Korean Family Values
Confucianism
Korean Ancestors
The Concept of Kibun

Etiquette & Customs in South Korean
Meeting Etiquette
Gift Giving Etiquette
Dining Etiquette
Table manners

Business Etiquette and Protocol
Relationships & Communication
Business Meeting Etiquette
Dress Etiquette
Business Cards

Korean Society & Culture
Common Foods
Grains
Rice (Bap)
Millet
Barley
Mixed Grains
Legumes
Soybeans
Mung beans
Adzuki beans
Meat
Beef
Chicken
Pork
Fish/Seafood
Fruits & Veggies
Napa Cabbage
Korean Radish
Daikon Radish
Korean Pear
Melons
Herbs and Spices
Red Chili Peppers
Powder/flakes
Paste (Gochujang)

Garlic

Cinnamon

Wasabi

Ginseng

Black Pepper

Ginger

Sesame oil/salt

Green Onion

Popular Korean Dishes
Kimchi
Banchan
Gimbap/Kimbap
Bibimbap
"mixed rice"
dish varies
white rice
sauteed and seasoned veggies
chili paste
soy sauce or paste
may contain sliced beef and a raw or fried egg on top

various side dishes
set around the main dish to be shared
different table settings based on number of dishes
always includes kimchi (multiple types)
noodle, vegetable, rice, and meat dishes

"seaweed rice"
street food
gim - dried, pressed seaweed
steamed, short grain white rice
different fillings -meat/veggies
rolled and sliced
Most popular food in South Korea
40 pounds per person a year
fermented vegetables with seasonings
Napa cabbage, radishes, or cucumbers are common


Rugged mountains leads to little variety in food production
Rice

Food imports are growing
Increased demand for variety
Market in consumer-ready food items
Animal products, vegetables, fruits, nuts, dairy, eggs, honey

Top 10 countries in U.S. agricultural exports
Majority of meat and cereals imported from the U.S.

Where does their food come from?
Sources
"A Brief History of the Catholic Church in Korea." The Wall Stree Journal. Dow Jones & Company, 14 Aug. 2014. Web. 4 Dec. 2015.

"Cost of Food in Korea." Travel Tips. Web. 30 Nov. 2015.

"Customs." Official Site of Korea Tourism. Korea Tourism Organization. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

Feffer, John. "Korean Food, Korean Identity: The Impact of Globalization on Korean Agriculture." Stanford University. Web. 1 Dec. 2015.

"Food Prices in South Korea." Food Prices in South Korea. Web. 30 Nov. 2015.

"Korea's Ancestral Rituals on Chuseok." Korea.net : The Official Website of the Republic of Korea. KOCIS. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

"Korea, Rep." Korea, Rep. The World Bank Group. Web. 4 Dec. 2015.

Lee, D. "11 Random Korean Kimchi Facts." Seoul Sync: Your Link to Asia. Seoul Sync. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.

"Religion." :: Korea.net : The Official Website of the Republic of Korea. KOCIS. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

"Republic of Korea: WHO Statistical Profile." World Health Organization, 2015. Web. 7 Dec. 2015.

"South Korea - Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette." Kwintessential. Kwintessential. Web. 4 Dec. 2015.

"South Korea: Suicide Nation." Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera. Web. 4 Dec. 2015.

"South Korean Dishes." Angloinfo. AngloINFO. Web. 2 Dec. 2015.

"World's Healthiest Foods: Kimchi (Korea)." Health.com. Web. 1 Dec. 2015.




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