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South Korean Foodways
Transcript of South Korean Foodways
Rice, readily available at any grocery store or market - $4 for 2.5 pounds
Bread, specialty - $2 per loaf
Lettuce - $0.18 per 0.1 kg
Cabbage - $1.00 per head
Fruits- very expensive as compared to vegetables
Chicken and pork about $4 for 1.1 pound
Monthly cost of food: $295.53
Namdaemun Market in Seoul
Napa Cabbage used for Kimchi
Outside Influences on Food Intake
Foods grown in greenhouses within the country
Geography contributes to consumption of fish
Integration into global economy
Healthiest Foods Represented by Korea
Kimchi - low in calories, high in vitamins, healthy bacteria
Fish- fresh caught
High-fiber, low fat diet
Red dates at weddings symbolize fertility
Rice cakes served in soup
Half moon shape - people are a working progress
Different fillings in cakes hold different meanings
“Good food is best for medicine”
Focus on the five elements
Variety of colors in food - wisdom of nutritional balance
Encourage five servings of fruit and vegetables daily
Symbolism in Food
Korea’s “Thanksgiving” - September
Songpyeon (type of rice cake) is main dish
Served with a variety of food including: freshly harvested fruit, soup, beef jerky, sweet rice drink, seasoned vegetables, and pancakes
Food in Ritual
Oldest son makes bow to food, offers a glass of alcohol and bowl of rice to ancestors
Then he marks the cross on the rice and leaves spoon embedded in rice at 45 degree angle
Everyone else bows together
Soup then replaced with nureungji (scorched-rice water) mixed with three spoons of rice
Other sons bow, one at a time, then everyone else bows together
Once the ritual is done, the family sits down and enjoys the food
Ritual of Charye for Chuseok
Catholic- 20.6 %
18th C. - Yi Seung-hun
Early Catholic persecution
19th C. - North American Missionaries
Operate a vast amount of educational systems, colleges, and hospitals today
Several tens of thousands of temples across the country
Confucianism, Won Buddhism, Jeungsangyo, Daejonggyo, Cheondogyo, and Islam
Major Religions in Korea (2005)
South Korea: Basic Facts
Population: 50.22 million (2013)
Average Life Span: 81
Location: Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the East Sea and the Yellow Sea
Climate: temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter
Brandon Brockman, Joseph Ebert, Alyssa Kazemi, Bryan Konicek, and Taylor Przybylski
Who usually prepares the meals?
Women do all of the cooking
Mainly older generation
Men are taking more interest
Women in the workforce
More shared cooking responsibilities
Cooking shows with male cooks
It is seen as “sexy”
Soups and stews are very common “soup culture”
Developed as a way to get though famine
Boiling meat with bone along with vegetables
left out for hours or days to marinate
Meat, fish, seafood, and eggs are often served raw
Knives are not common at the table
Meat and vegetables are usually pre-cut
What special cooking techniques are used?
South Korean Health Issues
Average Life Span: 81
Leading Causes of Death
Ischaemic - reduced blood supply to the heart
Self-Harm / Suicide
Korean Family Values
The Concept of Kibun
Etiquette & Customs in South Korean
Gift Giving Etiquette
Business Etiquette and Protocol
Relationships & Communication
Business Meeting Etiquette
Korean Society & Culture
Fruits & Veggies
Herbs and Spices
Red Chili Peppers
Popular Korean Dishes
sauteed and seasoned veggies
soy sauce or paste
may contain sliced beef and a raw or fried egg on top
various side dishes
set around the main dish to be shared
different table settings based on number of dishes
always includes kimchi (multiple types)
noodle, vegetable, rice, and meat dishes
gim - dried, pressed seaweed
steamed, short grain white rice
different fillings -meat/veggies
rolled and sliced
Most popular food in South Korea
40 pounds per person a year
fermented vegetables with seasonings
Napa cabbage, radishes, or cucumbers are common
Rugged mountains leads to little variety in food production
Food imports are growing
Increased demand for variety
Market in consumer-ready food items
Animal products, vegetables, fruits, nuts, dairy, eggs, honey
Top 10 countries in U.S. agricultural exports
Majority of meat and cereals imported from the U.S.
Where does their food come from?
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Food Tasting - Ppopgi