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Time Line

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Gabriela Gawinek

on 4 May 2015

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Transcript of Time Line

In Between the Wars
11 November 1918
Official End of World War I
Allied victory
Formation of new countries in Europe
Change of boarder lines
End of Russian, Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian and German Empire
Economic problems
Governmental changes
3 March 1918
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

Treaty between Bolsheviks and the Central Powers
End of war for Russians
No reparations demanded
Independence of Baltic states, Belarus, Ukraine and Finland
29 October 1918
Beginning of German Revolution
Last till 11 August 1919
Civil conflict in German Empire
Inspired by socialist idea
Republic replaced Empire
Old name: The German Empire
New name: The Weimar Republic


18 January 1919
Beginning of
the Paris Peace Conference in Versailles
Negotiations between David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau and Woodrow Wilson
Involved diplomats from more than 32 countries
February 1919
Beginning of
the Polish-Soviet War
Armed conflict
Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine against the Second Polish Republic and the Ukrainian People's Republic
Fight over the control of area of today's Ukraine and Belarus
For Poland it was fight for keeping its independence
19 May 1919
Beginning of
the Turkish War of Independence
conflict between the Turkish nationalists and the proxies of the Allies (Greece on the West, Armenia on the East, France on the South and Great Britain and Italy in Constantinople
28 June 1919
The Treaty of Versailles
Germany signed the Treaty after six months of negotiations
Later Austria, Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria sign their own treaties
Germany and the Central Powers took all responsibility for the war
Germany had to pay reparations and limit size of the army
10 January 1920
Beginning of
the League of Nations
founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference
The first international organization which main goal was to maintain world peace
4 June 1920
The Treaty of Trianon
Peace agreement between Allies and Hungary
Regulated status of independence and defined border of Hungary
10 August 1919
The Treaty of Sèvres
One in the series of treaties
Between Turkey, the Central Powers and the Triple Entente
It included status of the League of Nations, description of new borders, disarmament, and reparations
March 1921
The Peace of Riga
Ended the Polish-Soviet War
Signed in Riga on 18 March 1921
Between Poland, Soviet Russia and Soviet Ukraine
Established borders
Agreements about borders were later used during the Yalta Conference and Potsdam Conference
6 February 1922
The Washington Naval Conference
Ended by signing the Washington Naval Treaty (UK, US, Japan, France, Italy)
Agreement about limitation of size of naval forces
16 April 1922
The Treaty of Rapallo
Agreement between Germany and Russia
Signed in Italian city, Rapallo
settlement of all controversies arising
out of World War I
re-establishment of diplomatic and consular relations between Germany and Russia
October 1922
End of the Russian Civil War
Started on 7 November 1917
Bolsheviks (Red Army) won
Last White Forces defeated in Siberia
Establishment of Soviet Union
Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland became independent
29 October 1922
Mussolini becomes prime minister
Mussolini became the prime minister of Italy after Victor Emmanuel III appointed him
After the March on Rome which happened one day before
The March on Rome was a march of fascists among which was Benito Mussolini
11 January 1923
Occupation of the Ruhr
Military occupation of region in Germany
By France and Belgium
After Germany stopped paying reparations settled during the Paris Peace Conference in Versailles because of economic problems
Occupation only deteriorated economic position and as well as people's attitude towards Allied Powers in Germany
8 November 1923
The Beer Hall Putsch
Unsuccessful overthrow of German government
Led by Adolf Hitler and Erich Ludendorff
Occurred over the night (8-9 November) in Munich
German government ended Nazi Party and sent Hitler to jail for 5 years
21 January 1924
Death of the Soviet Union
Vladimir Lenin died
Joseph Stalin starts clearing his way to power by eliminating his rivals
1 February 1924
Britain extend diplomatic recognition of the Soviet Union
1 April 1924
Hitler in jail
Adolf Hitler is sent to the jail for the 5 years, after the Beer Hall Putsch
Instead he stayed there only 8 months
He wrote 'Mein Kampf' during his stay in jail
6 April 1924
Fascists in Italy
Fascists won elections in Italy
Got 2/3 of the votes
16 August 1924
The Dawes Plan
The Dawes Plan accepted
End of occupation of the Ruhr
Plan which was designed to help German economy
Allies distributed war reparations over time and granted loan, 200,000,000 dollars
1 December 1925
The Locarno Treaties
The Locarno Treaties contained seven agreements
Negotiated in Switzerland, Locarno (5-16 October)
Officially signed in London
The main goal of the treaties was territorial settlement and improvement of relations with Germany
27 August 1928
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Signed in Paris
15 countries participated in negotiations
Signed by Germany, France and the US
Pact outlawed aggressive, war leading solving conflicts
1 October 1928
First Five-Years Plan
Known also as Stalin's Five Years Plan
Economic plan of the Soviet Union
Main goal was to modernize and increase industrialization
According to Stalin, the Soviet Union was far behind the West, in the case of industry
9 February 1929
Litvinov's Pact
Signed in Moscow, by the Soviet Union, Estonia, Latvia, Poland and Romania
Soviet Union decided to introduce this Pact to speed up agreements of Kellogg-Briand Pact
29 October 1929
Black Friday
Also known as the Wall Street Crash
This begun 10-year Great Depression around the world, in all industrialized countries
22 April 1930
London Naval Treaty
Signed by the US, Britain, France, Italy and Japan
Limited navy and shipbuilding
Extension of the Washington Naval Conference
19 September 1931
Japanese invasion of Manchuria
Day after Mukden Incident
Mukden Incident was a pretext to attack
Manchukuo became Japanese puppet state and occupied it until the end of World War II
30 January 1933
New Chancellor
Hitler is leader of the Nazi Party
Adolf Hitler became Chancellor
Appointed by President Paul von Hindenburg
26 January 1934
The German-Polish
Non-Aggression Pact
Full transcript