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PBL: Information Highway to The American Revolution

A project based learning assignment for 10th Grade U.S. History about the causes of the American Revolution and about the lives of key Revolutionary Figures.
by

Anthony Gagliano

on 18 January 2013

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Transcript of PBL: Information Highway to The American Revolution

These are the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills that you will examine during this project.

History. The student understands significant political and economic issues of the revolutionary era. The student is expected to:

(A) analyze causes of the American Revolution, including the Proclamation of 1763, the Intolerable Acts, the Stamp Act, mercantilism, lack of representation in Parliament, and British economic policies following the French and Indian War;

(B) explain the roles played by significant individuals during the American Revolution, including Abigail Adams, John Adams, Wentworth Cheswell, Samuel Adams, Mercy Otis Warren, Benjamin Franklin, Crispus Attucks, King George III, Haym Salomon, Patrick Henry, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Paine, and George Washington;

(C) explain the issues surrounding important events of the American Revolution, including declaring independence;

Social studies skills. The student applies critical-thinking skills to organize and use information acquired through established research methodologies from a variety of valid sources, including electronic technology. The student is expected to:

(A) differentiate between, locate, and use valid primary and secondary sources such as computer software, databases, media and news services, biographies, interviews, and artifacts to acquire information about the United States;

C) organize and interpret information from outlines, reports, databases, and visuals, including graphs, charts, timelines, and maps;

(D) identify points of view from the historical context surrounding an event and the frame of reference which influenced the participants;

(E) support a point of view on a social studies issue or event BIG Question #6-10
6. How could have the events that led to the American Revolution been different if people would have had access to the same technology that we do today?
7. Why do you think that there are governments around the world that restrict their citizens use of internet/social media?
8. Do you think that King George III would have made it illegal for colonists to use social media sites?
9. Were the conflicts that led to the Declaration of Independence avoidable?
10. Could the revolution have been avoided? Choose a position and make a case. Today's revolutions are being coordinated on facebook pages and twitter accounts. YOU SAY YOU WANT A REVOLUTION BIG Question #1

How did events and ideas cause conflict between Great Britain and the American colonies and lead to the signing of the Declaration of Independence? Each student will represent a Revolutionary Figure. Create a Facebook page from the perspective of that Revolutionary Figure. You must include a picture, bio, and personal timeline of your life through 1776.

There will be 5-10 events on your timeline; and the events should be written from the perspective of the key revolutionary figure that you have been assigned for this project. Inspiration for American Patriotism and Ideals from and Englishman?
Abigail Adams
John Adams
Wentworth Cheswell
Samuel Adams
Mercy Otis Warren
Benjamin Franklin
Crispus Attucks
James Armistead
King George III
Haym Salomon
Patrick Henry
Bernardo de Galvez
Thomas Jefferson
Marquis de Lafayette BACKGROUND INFORMATION

In the 1760s tension between the British Government and the colonists grew, as some colonists questioned policies at the foundation of colonial mercantilsim.

The British government wanted to maintain control over the colonies and benefit from their wealth. Research and
set up FB page Treaty of Paris

Pontiac's War

KGIII's Proclamation Sugar Act, Stamps Act, Quartering Act, Virginia House of Burgesses Stamp Act Repealed, Townshend Duties, forms of Rebellion in the colonies, GB sends troops to Boston, Boston Massacre

Townshend repealed Sam Adams & Committee
of Correspondence

Tea Act, Tea Party, Coercive/ Intolerable Act 1774-75 Washington appointed to Continental Army

Battle of Bunker Hill

Common Sense 1776
Second Continental Congress

Declaration of Independence Dates for Facebook postings and comments.
The topics should be commented on throughout the two week timeline for this project. Let the topics guide, but not limit your postings and comments. Boston Massacre To help control the colonists, England sent over soldiers called “Redcoats” to monitor the colonists. Everyday tension (anger) grew between the colonists and the red coats.





On March 5, 1770, tensions finally exploded into violence in the streets. Stop insulting me Hey lobster French and Indian War England wanted to expand the 13 colonies and began taking over more land. In the 1750s a war broke out between England and France for control over land in the Ohio River Valley and claim to the North American continent.




Native Americans in the area decided to join up with the French to help fight England under the belief that France would help them protect their land. Plus the French traders often treated the Native Americans with more respect. Why Were The Colonists So Angry About Taxes? The colonists believed they should have a say in the taxes they were being forced to pay. However, there was no one in the English Parliament (government) that was there as a representative for the colonies. It wasn’t fair, so the colonists would shout…



“ No Taxation Without Representation” NEW TAXES King George got very upset when he found out the colonists were refusing to pay the paper taxes created by the Stamp Act. The King and British parliament said, “ fine then, we will make you pay a new set of taxes called the Townshend Acts. Now under the Townshend Acts you will have to pay a tax on paper, glass, lead ANNNND tea!!!!”




The colonists got even more upset and refused to pay!!! Give us your weapons!! No! THE BRITISH ARE COMING!! As the redcoats headed to Concord, Massachusetts Paul Revere and another rider mounted their horses. They then rode as fast as they could toward Lexington and Concord Massachusetts yelling “The British are coming!! The British are coming!!!”




Paul Revere was able to wake up enough of the colonial minutemen so they would be prepared to fight. The British are coming! The Colonies Feel Separate People in each colony did not think they had
much in common with the other colonies. They
did not think they were Americans. The people in
New York considered themselves New Yorkers
and the people in Virginia called themselves
Virginians. They were not united. Proclamation Line 1763 In order to end the war Britain (England) and France got together to sign an agreement called a treaty. The treaty that ended the French and Indian War was called the Treaty of Paris.




One of the most controversial parts of the treaty (agreement) was that England would not allow the colonists to move past the Appalachian Mountains and take more Indian land. This law that stopped the colonists from moving west of the Appalachian Mountains was called the Proclamation Line of 1763. Money, money,
money!
MONEY!! Paying for the War King George began to create ridiculous taxes that the colonists would have to pay.



The idea was that this tax money was going to go back to England to help it recover some of the money lost during the French and Indian War. The colonists quickly grew very angry about the taxes they were now being forced to pay. NEW TAXES!! Anyway, the first tax that King George decided he
was going to make the colonists pay was a tax on
all things made out of paper. This tax was called
the STAMP ACT.




The colonists tried to fight this by not buying the stamps. They also ran the stamp sellers out of town. No Taxation without Representation We were just doing our job Mother! Look at those stupid tax collectors! Boston Tea Party The most famous of these protests against the tea tax was the Boston Tea Party. During the Boston Tea Party colonists dressed as Indians and boarded the ships that contained boxes of tea. They then tossed the crates into the Boston harbor. Closing the Harbor After the Boston Tea Party, England punished the people of Boston. England closed the Boston Harbor. This meant that ships could not go in or out.




To stop the colonists from organizing, town meetings were outlawed. The colonists felt they were losing their freedom. I can’t believe he is going to close the harbor so we can’t fish Intolerable Acts Closing the Boston Harbor was just one part of what the colonists called the Intolerable Acts. They could not tolerate (accept) these ridiculous laws England was passing to control the colonies. We cant tolerate this! NEVER!!
You need to be punished for your actions.. I’m sending soldiers!!! Letter from the 1st continental Congress The British head to Concord On the night of April 18, 1775, the British soldiers (redcoats) marched to Concord, Massachusetts to take the weapons from the colonial minutemen. Get me your weapons Nope Paul Revere There were several patriots in the colonies. A patriot was colonist who wanted independence freedom) from England. A famous patriot was named Paul Revere. Revere was willing to risk his life to fight against England for freedom. I’m Paul revere and I'm a patriot Lexington and Concord The next day on April 19, 1775 the English redcoats and colonial minutemen began to fight at in an open field at Lexington and Concord.





The shots fired at Lexington and Concord in 1775 would represent the start of the American Revolution. America was on the road to freedom from England!! 13 English Colonies Long ago the United States was different than it is
today. It was not even a country. Instead, it was
13 colonies.





A colony is a place ruled by another country. England governed (ruled) all the 13 colonies. The French and Indian War The French and Indian War lasted for 7 long
years giving it the nickname “The Seven years
War.”





England eventually won the war for land against
the French and Indians in 1763. Seven Year War Even though the Proclamation Line of 1763 upset the people of the 13 colonies, overall, the colonists were very happy that England had won the Seven Years War. They felt much safer.



. England In Debt Due to War However, fighting the French and Indian war was very expensive for England and King George III saw the colonies as his ticket out of debt What are Taxes? Taxes = the money collected by the government to pay for services The colonists got so upset about the British taxes there were several stories about the colonists grabbing tax collectors dumping hot tar on them and then pour boiling hot tea down their throat. TARING THE TAX COLLECTORS Boston Massacre A group of young men and dockworkers, one of whom was a African-American man name Cripus Attucks, began arguing in the streets with a group of English soldiers. A fight broke out, and the soldiers began firing into the crowd. Attucks and four other laborers were killed.




People began calling the shooting of 5 people a massacre. This incident became a tool for anti-British propaganda. What is Propaganda? Propaganda is information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause.






What was the cause/reason for calling the shooting of five people in Boston a massacre by the English soldiers? Protesting Taxes The colonists protested (spoke out against) the taxes and these protests worked! England ended the stamp tax. But the troubles did not end. England passed more laws and taxes.





In 1773, England passed a tax on tea. Colonists in several colonies protested against the tax and boycotted the taxed products. Samuel Adams and The Sons of Liberty A guy named Samuel Adams led a group called the Sons of Liberty. The Sons of Liberty went around the colonies protesting taxes and organizing boycotts ( Boycotts are where people refuse to buy a good)






In fact, it was Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty that organized the Boston Tea Party. Please Stop the Taxes! Colonists from 12 of the colonies held a meeting anyway in Philadelphia (This meeting was the First Continental Congress Meeting). They wanted to stay loyal to the King of England. They decided to send a letter to him asking him to end the tax on tea.





The King refused to read the letter and responded by sending ships full of English soldiers to Boston. Lets Send King George III a Letter asking him to stop taxing us Minutemen for Militias! The colonists claimed it didn’t matter that England was sending soldiers because they could fight in a minute’s notice. These colonists were called minutemen.



Some minutemen hid weapons in Concord Massachusetts. (It’s a town near Boston). But the English soldiers (or redcoats) soon learned about the weapons. Lexington and Concord 1775 Road to the American Revolution Geography of the 13 Colonies Boston Massacre BIG Questions #2-5
2. What circumstances in the colonies helped or hindered the early colonists’ ability to achieve their dreams of new economic, religious, social and political freedoms?
3. Some people say that dissent is crucial to a democracy. Why would they say that? What would happen in a political system with no dissent?
4. Why did the colonists revolt against the empire?
5. How did events and ideas cause conflict between Great Britain and the American colonies and lead to the signing of the Declaration of Independence? The following Power Point Presentation and video clips will help to provide you with some background knowledge of the time period and events that give way to a Revolution. You will then conduct your own research using the library resources and the internet in order to complete the project. Thomas Paine
George Washington
Martha Washington
Sarah Franklin Bache
John Murray 4th Earl of Dunmore (Lord Dunmore)
Thomas Hutchison
William Franklin
Molly Pitcher aka Mary Hays MgCauly, Deborah Samson
Joseph Brant
Richard Henry Lee
Jean Jazques Rosseau Revolutionary “Friends”
You must be “friends” with each revolutionary figure listed. You should form FB groups that would have been popular during the time period. You should make posts and respond to other people’s posts.

You will be assigned one of the following revolutionary figures: First Continental Congress

Battle of Lexington and Concord

Second Continental Congress: Olive Branch Petition

KGIII Declares Colonies in the state of rebellion. 1773-74 1770 1775-76 1763 1774-66 1766-68 *****************************************
Think about the frustrations that led to the revolution. How did the events and ideas cause conflict between Great Britain and the American colonies and lead to the signing of the Declaration of Independence? All men were created with certain
Unalienable rights
Among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit
Of happiness
And it's too late to apologize
It's too late
I said It's too late to apologize
It's too late
It's too late to apologize
It's too late
I said it's too late apologize
It's too late
I said it's too late to apologize, yeah
It's too late
I said it's too late to apologize, yeah
Halfway across the globe
And we're standing on new ground It’s Too Late to Apologize Halfway across the globe
And we're standing on new ground
Screaming 'cross the waves
You can't hear a sound
There's no fair trials, no trade, no liberties
No tea
We've colonized America; we won't stand for tyranny,
Oh king
And it's too late to apologize
It's too late
I said it's too late to apologize
It's too late
We've paid your foolish tax, read the acts
And they just won't do
We want to make it clear, we believe this much is true Lyrics Declaration of Independence
Video Project Directions Status Updates will need to reflect major events that occurred during the years leading to the American Revolution for Independence (1763-1776) and reactions to them. Please see the calendar for guidance.

You will need to Facebook message the facilitator John Locke (Mrs. Ramos) the answers to the “Big Questions” about the political, economic, geographic and social issues during the years of 1763-1776. (Yes I know John Locke was already dead during the American Revolution! His ideals however left a lasting impression on the American Revolutionaries and on the words of the Declaration of Independence.) Have fun with this project! By
Anthony Gagliano
Full transcript