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Insomnia

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by

Megan Cooper

on 6 April 2018

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Transcript of Insomnia

Company Logo
the silent curse
Insomnia
Insomnia is a sleep disorder that regularly affects millions of people worldwide. Individuals with insomnia find it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep. Insomnia commonly leads to daytime sleepiness, lethargy, and a general feeling of being unwell, both mentally and physically. Mood swings, irritability, and anxiety are common associated symptoms.


Signs
Difficulty falling asleep at night.
Waking during the night.
Waking earlier than desired.
Still feeling tired after a night's sleep.
Daytime fatigue or sleepiness.
Irritability, depression, or anxiety.
Poor concentration and focus.
Being uncoordinated, an increase in errors or accidents.
Tension headaches (feels like a tight band around head).
Difficulty socializing.
Gastrointestinal symptoms.
Worrying about sleeping.
Treatment
Some types of insomnia resolve when the underlying cause is treated or wears off. In general, insomnia treatment focuses on determining the cause.
facts
Insomnia has also been associated with a higher risk of developing chronic diseases.
According to the National Sleep Foundation, 30-40 percent of American adults report that they have had symptoms of insomnia within the last 12 months
10-15 percent of adults claim to have chronic insomnia.
There are many possible causes of insomnia.
Often, insomnia is due to a secondary cause, such as illness or lifestyle.
Causes of insomnia include psychological factors, medications, and hormone levels.
Treatments for insomnia can be medical or behavioral.
More common in adult females than adult males
causes:



Disruptions in circadian rhythm
- jet lag, job shift changes, high altitudes, environmental noise, extreme heat or cold.
Psychological issues
- bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety disorders, or psychotic disorders.
Medical conditions
- chronic pain, chronic fatigue syndrome, congestive heart failure, angina, acid-reflux disease, asthma, sleep apnea, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, hyperthyroidism, arthritis, brain lesions, tumors, stroke.
Hormones
- estrogen, hormone shifts during menstruation.
Other factors - sleeping next to a snoring partner, parasites, genetic conditions, overactive mind, pregnancy.
medications known to cause insomnia
corticosteroids
statins
alpha blockers
beta blockers
SSRI antidepressants
ACE inhibitors
ARBs (angiotensin II-receptor blockers)
second generation (non-sedating) H1 agonists
glucosamine/chondroitin
three types:
Transient insomnia
- occurs when symptoms last up to three nights.

Chronic insomnia
- this type lasts for months, and sometimes years. the majority of chronic insomnia cases are side effects resulting from another primary problem.

Acute insomnia
- also called short-term insomnia. Symptoms persist for several weeks.
Home remedies
Not sleeping too much or too little
exercising daily
not forcing sleep
maintaining a regular sleep schedule
avoiding caffeine at night
avoiding smoking,
avoiding going to bed hungry
ensuring a comfortable sleeping environment
meditation and muscle relaxation.
only go to bed when sleepy
Avoid watching TV
Set an alarm for the same time every morning (even weekends) and avoid long daytime naps.

What is it?
Medical treatments for insomnia include:

prescription sleeping pills
antidepressants
over-the-counter sleep aids
antihistamines
melatonin
ramelteon
Full transcript