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Transcript of Insomnia
the silent curse
Insomnia is a sleep disorder that regularly affects millions of people worldwide. Individuals with insomnia find it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep. Insomnia commonly leads to daytime sleepiness, lethargy, and a general feeling of being unwell, both mentally and physically. Mood swings, irritability, and anxiety are common associated symptoms.
Difficulty falling asleep at night.
Waking during the night.
Waking earlier than desired.
Still feeling tired after a night's sleep.
Daytime fatigue or sleepiness.
Irritability, depression, or anxiety.
Poor concentration and focus.
Being uncoordinated, an increase in errors or accidents.
Tension headaches (feels like a tight band around head).
Worrying about sleeping.
Some types of insomnia resolve when the underlying cause is treated or wears off. In general, insomnia treatment focuses on determining the cause.
Insomnia has also been associated with a higher risk of developing chronic diseases.
According to the National Sleep Foundation, 30-40 percent of American adults report that they have had symptoms of insomnia within the last 12 months
10-15 percent of adults claim to have chronic insomnia.
There are many possible causes of insomnia.
Often, insomnia is due to a secondary cause, such as illness or lifestyle.
Causes of insomnia include psychological factors, medications, and hormone levels.
Treatments for insomnia can be medical or behavioral.
More common in adult females than adult males
Disruptions in circadian rhythm
- jet lag, job shift changes, high altitudes, environmental noise, extreme heat or cold.
- bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety disorders, or psychotic disorders.
- chronic pain, chronic fatigue syndrome, congestive heart failure, angina, acid-reflux disease, asthma, sleep apnea, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, hyperthyroidism, arthritis, brain lesions, tumors, stroke.
- estrogen, hormone shifts during menstruation.
Other factors - sleeping next to a snoring partner, parasites, genetic conditions, overactive mind, pregnancy.
medications known to cause insomnia
ARBs (angiotensin II-receptor blockers)
second generation (non-sedating) H1 agonists
- occurs when symptoms last up to three nights.
- this type lasts for months, and sometimes years. the majority of chronic insomnia cases are side effects resulting from another primary problem.
- also called short-term insomnia. Symptoms persist for several weeks.
Not sleeping too much or too little
not forcing sleep
maintaining a regular sleep schedule
avoiding caffeine at night
avoiding going to bed hungry
ensuring a comfortable sleeping environment
meditation and muscle relaxation.
only go to bed when sleepy
Avoid watching TV
Set an alarm for the same time every morning (even weekends) and avoid long daytime naps.
What is it?
Medical treatments for insomnia include:
prescription sleeping pills
over-the-counter sleep aids