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17th c. England - includes English Civil War

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Miriam Rivas

on 15 October 2015

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Transcript of 17th c. England - includes English Civil War

17th c. England - includes English Civil War
Stuart Dynasty rules England
James I
a foreigner - Scottish
inherits war debts Elizabeth left behind
Begins selling titles, monopolies and offices when Parliament does not approve taxes
believes in the divine right of kings - authority comes from God not Parliament
Parliament is nothing but "cries, shouts and confusion"
Charles I
r1625 - 1646
Anglican v. Calvinist (Puritans/Dissenters) debate intensifies
John Pym and others fear a "popish plot"
"popery" Catholic traces in the Anglican church
William Laud - bishop of London - bringing back Catholicism?
Dismisses Parliament but forced to call them back
Petition of Rights 1628
forced on the king by Parliament
Short Parliament
Long Parliament 1640 - 1660
English Civil War
1642 - 1646
Roundheads vs. Cavaliers
Oliver Cromwell - New Model Army
"Pride's Purge"
500 - 150 - 100 - 50/60 - "The Rump Parliament"
Charles I charged with treason - executed
Rule of Oliver Cromwell
1653 - 1658
A Puritan Commonwealth, A Puritan Republic
Lord Protector
Instrument of Government
Religious freedom to some not others
Navigation Act of 1651
Radical groups formed during rule of Cromwell:
Levellers, Quakers, Diggers
English Bill of Rights 1689
A triumph for Parliament
Rights included....
Act of Settlement 1701
What the Glorious Revolution accomplished?
What the Glorious Revolution did not accomplish?
Restoration Monarchy
Charles II (r1660 - 1685)
Anglican Church in - Dissenters out
Religious toleration or easing in Catholicism back to England?
Protestants returning to Catholic Church in Europe
Test Act of 1673 passed by Parliament
Exclusionist = Whigs vs. Tories
Converts to Catholicism in the end
East India Co. founded
James II (r 1685 - 1688)
Ignores Test Act
Promotes the idea of the divine right to rule
Son is born and is baptized Catholic
Parliament's Whigs and Tories join and invite William of Orange to invade England
James II flees to France
Glorious Revolution 1688
William and Mary (from the Stuart family)
John Locke's political theories
Full transcript