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Copy of Perception of 3rd year CITHM students about safety and security practices on board the ship.

By: Pia Camille Naval, Mareecor Lorraine Oliveros, Russelle Ynieto
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Ahmad Wafie

on 21 June 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Perception of 3rd year CITHM students about safety and security practices on board the ship.

Pia Camille Naval
Mareecor Lorraine Oliveros
Russelle Ynieto


Research Adviser:
Maria Myrna G. Nuque

Loving heavenly Father we come to you this hour asking for your blessing and help as we are gathered together. We pray for guidance in the matters at hand and ask that you would clearly show us how to conduct our work with a spirit of joy and enthusiasm. Give us the desire to find ways to excel in our work. Help us to work together and encourage each other to excellence. We ask that we would challenge each other to reach higher and further to be the best we can be. We ask this in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. Amen
Opening Prayer
CHAPTER 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND
Introduction
Waterborne transport has for centuries been the main prerequisite for travel and leisure between nations and regions, and has without doubt played an important role in creating economic development and prosperity. A cruise is a vacation trip by a ship. A cruise is a primarily a leisure vacation experience with the ship’s staffs doing all the work.

Shipping has from time to time been under attack for unacceptable safety and security performance. Questions that are raised in the context of maritime accidents are whether the ship owner has demonstrated a genuine concern for safety, and whether the standards of the vessels and its crew have been sacrificed for profit.

What really happened then? What went wrong? As future employees of a certain Cruise Ship Company, we must know and determine the wrong practices that led to a disastrous maritime accident. Thus, this led us to study the CITHM students’ perception about the safety and security practices on board a ship.
The LYCEUM OF THE PHILIPPINES is the concrete of the cherished dream of the great Filipino: DR. JOSE PACIANO LAUREL, statesman, educator, parliamentarian, jurist, lawyer, and leader. The dream germinated in his mind, while he was taking up graduate studies at Yale University and nurtured during his travels and visits on the various great universities in Europe and America. It finally took shape in 1950 when he gathered his close friends and associates and broached to them the idea of founding a university.
Background of the Study
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The study will determine the perception of CITHM students about The Safety and Security practices on board the ship. Specifically it seeks to answer the following questions:
• What is the profile of the respondent in terms of:
• Age
• Gender
• Marital Status
• Nationality

• What are the safety and security practices utilized on board ship in terms of:
• Grounding
2.2. Collision
2.3. Fire
2.4. Human Error

• What is the importance of safety and security practices on board ship?
Introduction
CHAPTER 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
Scope and Limitation
Objectives of the Study
This study was made for the future Cruise Line students who will work on board ship. The main objectives of this study are the following:
• To improve the safety and security practices on board ship.
• To evaluate the importance of the safety and security practices on board ship for cruise line students.
• To explore the different safety and security practices on board ship.
• To prevent accidents on board the ship.
This study focused on the Perceptions of the College of the International Tourism and Hospitality Management Students on Safety and Security Practices on Board Ship.

The respondents of the study were composed randomly selected 3rd year Cruise Line Students which has a total of 389 students. The results of this study are applicable only to the respondents of this study and should not be used as a measure of the effect cruise line curriculum on the students who do not belong to the population of this study.
Assumption of the Study
The study of the perception about the safety and security practices on board the ship will determine one of the problems about the safety and security practices utilized on board ship in terms of grounding, collision, fire, and human error.

We would like to determine the possible cause and effect of the problems on board the ship in terms of grounding, collision, fire and human error. This will present probabilities of different accidents and investigate possible events subsequent to an incident such as flooding, sinking and other accident scenarios that will help future seafarers to be knowledgeable in this industry.
This chapter presents the different related literatures that have been reviewed to be used in this study.


To be able to understand and know what are the Safety and security practices, and what are the cause and effects of the different accidents encountered on board ship we must learn and gain information in these related literatures. This means that this chapter will indicate relevant information to the subject relating to the foundation of the study in order to become knowledgeable in the method and procedures.

These literatures have provided the researchers a deeper knowledge about what they will encounter as future seafarers.
Foreign Literature
Shipping is perhaps the most international of all the world's great industries - and one of the most dangerous. It has always been recognized that the best way of improving safety at sea is by developing international regulations that are followed by all shipping nations.

According to International Maritime Organization (2011), the safety of life at sea has been a matter of concern to IMO since its inception, and in this time many regulations and conventions have been adopted to improve operational safety conditions.

In relation to that there is another well known safety regulation for all seafarers, which is the Safety of Life At Sea (SOLAS). The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) is described by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) as being ‘generally regarded as the most important of all international treaties concerning the safety of merchant ships.
Foreign Studies
Local Literature
According to the Maritime Review (September-October 2008), human error is still a prominent figure in Philippine maritime. So for the protection of the passengers, the authority has ordered all domestic shipping operators to comply with the “NO TICKET, NO BOARDING” policy. This is to ensure that all passengers are well documented to easily determine overloading and identify who are dead and are missing during see mishaps as well as fast tracking the release of insurance claims.
In his popular book, Unsafe on the High Seas, Maritime Attorney Charles Lipcon provides additional need-to-know safety information to help passengers prepare in advance for their cruise. Lipcon reviews a variety of safety precautions cruise line passengers content should take, including tips about what to pay attention to during a muster drill, what to look for in the event of a fire, and how to prepare yourself and your family for the unexpected while you are at sea. 
Local Studies
IMO Secretary-General Koji Sekimizu has pledged IMO’s support for the Philippines in all facets of the country’s maritime development. 
 
In wide-ranging talks in Manila with Philippines’ President Benigno S. Aquino III, as well as the country’s Secretaries for Foreign Affairs, Transport and Communication, and Labour and Employment, Mr Sekimizu expressed his appreciation for the efforts made by the Government of the Philippines to provide a continuous supply of competent seafarers to the global shipping community. He also affirmed IMO’s commitment to provide the Philippines with assistance in all aspects of its maritime development, including the fields of education, training, and certification of seafarers under the STCW Convention. 
Synthesis
The safety and security practices on board ship will help you gain in safety awareness on cruise you need to plan and implement high-quality practices that give the passengers safety of life at sea. You will learn the causes and effects of accidents on board the ship. These tragedies will be able to build your knowledge and give importance in safety and security practices while you’re on board the ship. Upon completion of this study, you will be well aware of your future profession.
Process:

Academic Performance
Behavior
Skill
SES
Profile in terms of age, gender, marital status and nationality
Conceptual Framework

Input:

• Selected 3rd year CLOHS students of LPU
Output:

Excellent
Very Satisfactory
Satisfactory
Fair
Poor
Theoretical Framework
The importance of understanding the needs of a person is very much related to the hierarchy of needs. Maslow's hierarchies of needs are fundamental characteristics that are linked to the seafarers’ safety and security on board the ship. It is important to note that Maslow's (1954) theory has been elaborated upon by other researchers. Maslow's original five-stage model has been adapted by researchers who have interpreted Maslow's writings to develop the hierarchy of needs pyramid.

Since the natural ships' hierarchy is compatible with military structured chains of command, top to bottom, it will prevent by its nature that the majority of seafarers will ever achieve the highest level of self-actualization, while performing their job tasks onboard.
Respondent of the Study
CHAPTER 3
METHODOLOGY
This chapter comprises the research design, the respondents, the gathering of data and its analysis and the research instrument that were used to be able to achieve the corresponding solutions to the problems of the study.
Research Design
In this study the researchers used the descriptive method which is designed to know the opinion of the 3rd year Cruise Line Operations Hotel Services students regarding on the safety and security practices on board a ship. The researchers used this type of research method which results in a description of the data, whether in words, pictures, charts or tables and whether the data analysis shows statistical relationships or is merely descriptive.
The respondents of the study are composed of randomly selected 3rd year CLOHS students that is undertaking the subject Basic Safety Training and has a total of 389 students which will be utilized and subjected to Sloven’s formula with a marginal error of 0.05 and will be subjected to sampling technique. A total of 75 respondents will be the subject of the study.
Statistical Treatment
Research Instrument
The researchers used survey questionnaires as their main instrument in gathering relevant information in achieving their objectives and for the progress of their study.

The survey-questionnaires that were used were self-administered questionnaires and are distributed randomly to 3rd year CLOHS students.

The aim of this instrument is to get the perception and opinions of the respondents with regards to the safety and security practices on board a ship and why do they think most vessels sink.

The researchers prepared their questionnaires in a way the respondents could easily answer it.
• Sloven’s Formula- To determine the sample population. The margin of error is 0.05.
• Percentage- To determine the magnitude of the responses to the questionnaire.
%=n/N×100

n = number of responses N = total of respondents

• Frequency Distribution- is an arrangement of the values that one or more variables take in a sample. Each entry in the table contains the frequency or count of the occurrences of values within a particular group or interval, and in this way, the table summarizes the distribution of values in the sample.

• Weighted Mean- Scores for each item in the questionnaire will be determined.

x= (f1x1+f2x2+f3x3+f4x4+f5x5)/Xt
Where:
f = weight given to the response
X = number of responses
Xt = total number of responses

The weighted mean scores for each item in the questionnaire will be determined.
CHAPTER 4
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
In this chapter the results of the data analysis are presented. The data were collected and then processed in response to the problems proposed in chapter 1 of this dissertation. The data gathered from LPU 3rd year CLOHS Students surveyed questionnaire are presented and analyzed. The survey process, the purpose, the objectives and significance of the study were relayed to the participants. They were assured that all the information they had provided are solely for the purpose of the study while their identities would remain confidential. The result of the study is presented using the tabular presentations (use of statistical table), graphical presentation (use of graphs), and textual presentations (use of statements or sentences).
Conclusion
CHAPTER 5
SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
This chapter summarizes the findings, generated conclusions and recommendations based on the analysis of the results of the study on the perception of 3rd year students about safety and security practices on board the ship.
Summary of Findings
Safety and security practices on board the ship are state of being safe and secured or both being protected against physical, social, spiritual, emotional, occupational, psychological or other types or consequences of failure, damage, error, or any harmful accidents to the passengers while they are on board the ship.

This chapter summarizes the findings, generated conclusions and recommendations based on the analysis of the results of the study on the perception of 3rd year students about safety and security practices on board the ship.
This study focused on how does safety and security practices on board ship implemented in the cruise line industry that affects the CITHM-CLOCA/CLOHS students in Lyceum of the Philippines University as a future seafarers. Based on the Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs this practices are fundamental characteristics that are linked to the seafarers safety and security on board the ship, to define what more important from top to bottom.

Based on the results of the survey questionnaire, conspicuously of the respondents believes that the human error is the main cause of accidents in terms of lack of safety and security practices on board. Inferior of the respondents believes that grounding is a minor cause of accident but still an important caution for the cruise line industry to minimize the cause of irrelevant accidents.
Recommendation

The researchers recommend to the following:

LPU the study will give good benefits to the students who are taking the course to give more time to enhance this study.

CITHM Management should study this proposal to be able to teach well to the students who are taking the Cruise Line Management about the safety and security practices on board the ship for their future professions.

Respondents having knowledge about the study, it doesn’t mean that it’s enough but still they have to give their best to understand and to enhance their skills on safety and security practices on board the ship.

As a whole, the researchers recommend that we must be more knowledgeable and trainable for the safety and security practices of the future cruise line industry.
Table 4. Demographic profile of respondents: On nationality
Table 2. Demographic profile of respondents: On gender
Table 3. Demographic profile of respondent: On status
Table 1. Demographic profile on respondents: On age
Table 5. Safety and security practices on board the ship: On Grounding
Table 7. Safety and security practices aboard the ship: On Fire
Table 8. Safety and security practices on board a ship:
On Human Error
Table 9.2
Table 9. On importance of safety and security practices on Board the ship.
Table 9.1
Table 9.4
Table 9.3
Table 9.6
Table 9.5
Table 9.8
Table 9.7

Table 6. Safety and security practices on board the ship: On Collision
Collision 5 4 3 2 1 X VI

1. Maintain a proper lookout 1.67 1.97 0.52 0 0
4.16

Very good

2. Ensure the look outs posted are always on the alert 1.67 1.86 0.60 0 0
4.13
Very good

3. If collision happens, prepare immediately for abandon ship 1.67 2.18 0.36 0 0
4.21
Very good

4. Evacuation on system 1.46 2.13 0.48 0.02 0
4.09
Very good

5. Immediate response to what had happen 1.80 2.18 0.24 0.02 0
4.24
Very good

Total:
4.17
Very good
Perception of 3rd year CITHM students about safety and security practices on board the ship
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