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Korea- Seoul dynamic

Art History

Joori Chung

on 1 November 2013

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Transcript of Korea- Seoul dynamic

Art History 2670
Economical, Cultural, environmental Seoul

Julia C
Julia P
The Dream Forest Art Center
Dongdaemun Design Plaza and PArk (DDP & PArk)
Zaha Hadid
Zaha Hadid is an internationally renowned architect and winner of many international competitions and awards.
Shape this area into Seoul's
landmark where recreation, culture, and history coexist
designed to host all sorts of events, exhibitions, expositions, design conferences, fashion shows, and more
Table of Contents
Introduction/ Thesis
History of Seoul
The Dream Forest
History/ Intro
Design of the Dream Forest.
The Dream Forest Art Centre [mega events and projects]
Dongdaemun Design Plaza and PArk (DDP & Park)
Seoul going Eco-friendly
Largest building in the park
2 stories aboveground; 2 stories underground
Showcases traditional and modern pieces
Opera hall – 283 seats
Concert hall – 297 seats
Hall for lectures/meetings etc
Gallery for photo exhibits
Observation tower
Featured Exhibits
Showcase of the past
Over 10,000 items from the 60’s and 70’s
Showing the sudden development in Korea
Old streets, stores, school classrooms, items to try on/touch
A glimpse into the past or reliving youth
Dongdaemun History & Culture Park
The Dongdaemun History & Culture Park occupies a land area of 65,967
Included on the site also will be the Igansumun Sluice Gate and the Hadogam Site.
There will also be a public space in the park for the rest and refreshment of citizens.
Tradition harmoniously coexists with the modern.
Landscape Design
A combination between a public park and plaza.

Similar with the concepts to the dream forest. (green rooftop, parks outside with galleries, event halls, cafes, history museums, relic area, and outdoor performance venues).
Roof gardens : a combination of a building and a park via roof gardens.
Planting trees, shrubs and flowers according to their size and function of space : creation of comfortable resting areas that contain trees and flowers that have been chosen in relation to the scale of the manmade structures and people about them.
The DDP includes two multi-purpose convention halls, a design exhibition hall, design museum, design DIY center, future design center, information education center, design resource center and digital archive.
It will be a park transforming Seoul into an eco-friendly enviornment similar with the concept to the Dream Forest.
Promoting the design industry.
Seoul, the capital and largest city in South Korea is stated as a "city without a concept."For many people, especially those outside of Korea , Seoul does not have a defining feature. Seoul is attempting to become modernized while managing to preserve its traditional culture and heritage.
Seoul was not established as the Capital until 1394 during the Chosun Dynasty
After the the Korean War and the division between the North and the South in 1953, Seoul became South Korea’s main capital.
Ever since its appointment as Korea’s main capital during the Chosun Dynasty until now, Seoul has played a major role in developing the country in numerous aspects including its:
During the late 19th century Japan began to colonize Korea. At this time, Seoul, was forced to open its doors to the world, including Japan and countries from the West. This brought a significant change to the culture and skyline of Seoul
The city of Seoul has the following vision for shaping its future as a “Clean, Attractive and Global City.”
220,000 foreigners Living in Seoul [2007]
There are some 220,000 foreigners residing in Seoul, with the largest concentration of foreigners found in the city’s Yongsan area.
History of Seoul
One of the oldest cities in the world spanning back 600 years
Japan's Colonization
The Liberation
Korea was finally free from Japan in 1945, after Japan’s defeat in World War II
However, the feeling of resentment against the colonial period still lingered
From the time of liberation, the Korean government has written statues and regulations to preserve the cultural heritage of the country
The Urban Heritage in Seoul, consists of architectural elements dating as far back as the Chosun Dynasty to the modern day buildings and gardens.
Opening Night Festival
Stage outside
10,000 people showed up
Modern and traditional pieces performed
the Time of our Fathers
About Dongdaemun
Opening Ceremony
Shinee performance
Seoul is...
Beauty of Seoul
The Development of The Idea: From Dream Land to Dream Forest
Over the past century Seoul’s population has skyrocketed from less than 100,000 to over 10, 000,000. This has caused a rapid change in both the landscape and structure of the city.
Development quickly
overpowered the natural and cultural aspects of the city.
Pre-20th Century Vs. Modern Seoul
In 2003 Seoul’s downtown core
was 82% covered with pavement and in their daily lives the average Seoul resident had access to only 4.53 m of greenery.
Visual Representation of Seoul’s density, Seoul’s Subway map compared to Toronto’s
Today Seoul is trying to focus on
making the Seoul of the future a city with a balance of development and its traditional culture. By restoring historical elements of the city and replacing development with green space Seoul is trying to reemphasize the culture of their city and re-present its 600 year history.
cultural elements juxtaposed with the modern city.
The reintroduction of green elements
Dream Land
In 1987 an amusement park was built in Seoul called Dream Land. Dream Land was based on American style fairy tales, particularly Walt Disney World and The Walt Disney Characters. The park was very Americanized and did not show any of Korea’s cultural heritage.
Western Style Elements
in Dream Land

The Sun and The Moon: This illustration from a classic Korean Folk Tale shows a strong connection with nature. Traditionally Korean Fairy Tales intertwine animals nature and Korean culture.
Dream Land failed to engage the Seoul population and only remained opened in a limited sense after 2006.
The park showed no recognition of Korea’s culture therefore the Korean people could not relate to it and tourists were not interested in it. We can compare Dream Land to other A merican style theme parks in Asia such as Disneyland in Tokyo. Where dream land differs from Disneyland is that the latter focused on American fairytales but also incorporated Asia culture into their park, not unexpectedly Disneyland is a much more successful venture.
Dream Land remained functioning at partial capacity, selling tickets but only opening the pool for public use until 2008.
As land price is at a premium in Seoul, Dream Land could not continue to function like this, so in 2008 the land in and around Dream Land was purchased by the city and began a two year transformation into a public park called The Dream Forest .
Dream forest situated in Seoul
Seoul has experienced its fair share of pollution as it has developed.
Policies enacted to counter pollution have resulted in the city becoming considerably greener and cleaner.
The creation of so-called “green belts” around the capital have helped pump fresh air into the city, making it an even more pleasant place to live.
Seoul is a city in which modern culture continues, while balancing with its traditional culture.
85 International Conferences: Held a Year in 2006, Ranking 7th
116 Performing Arts Centers: with 31,245 Performances a Year.
25,000 shops Open 24-hours: a Day in Dongdaemun fashion town
Dongdaemun History and Culture Park
Events include: exhibitions and conferences, efforts for the establishment of design networks and programs to support the design industry and individual designers.
The DDP will grow into a truly global hub for design-related knowledge, trends and marketing.
Dongdaemun History & Culture Park has been designed as a historic park where you encounter the living history of Seoul.
It will become a new concept park that integrates history and design and an urban park that is open to everyone.
Upon establishment, DDP will effectively address weaknesses in design and maximize the creative and marketing capacities of designers and design firms to lay the foundation for and lead the future of design industries as the world’s design Mecca.
This will enable DDP to develop as the global hub of design knowledge for exchange of comprehensive information on design
MEtaonymic Landscape
Zaha Hadid's intention is to create a landscape by metonymically integrating the various historical, cultural, urban, societal, and economic features as exhibited by the DDp.
Seoul, a design-driven city, is now rising as the new center of world design.
Through these examples, Seoul is trying to preserve their heritage while continuning to develop as a metropolitan city.
THE END!!!!!
Discussion Question
1. Do you feel Seoul is doing a good job in re-constructing history and balancing it with modern culture?
2. Seeing our presentation do you see Seoul with their own identity? (or do you see then still following Western culture?)

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