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Copy of Armenia

A lesson on Armenia and the events that helped shape the musical culture of said.
by

Katie Essian

on 29 November 2012

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Transcript of Copy of Armenia

photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr Armenia Armenia(Hayk', Hayastan): Recognized on Sept. 21, 1991.
Population: 3.3 Million IN Armenia. However, there are an estimated 7-8 million more around the globe.
Bordered by Turkey, Georgia, Azebaijan, Iran.
Currency: Dram
Biggest City: Yerevan
Part of Asia/Europe My family is from a town called Efkere, located in the green portion of this map, in Caesarea. Armenia maintains good political relationships all over the world, except for two surrounding countries, Turkey and Azerbaijan. This is the currency that Armenia uses, called the Armenian Dram. Armenia was the first nation to adopt Christianity as its declared religion- 301 AD.
Armenian Apostolic Church-Oriental Orthodoxy-
The roots of this church date back to the 1st century. The flag of Armenia is very symbolic, like most national flags. Red-Struggle for survival. Blue-living beneath peaceful blue skies. Orange- creative talent and hardworking nature of the people. The church is said to have been founded by Thaddaeus and Bartholomew, two of Jesus' disciples. 93% of Armenian Christians belong to The Armenian Apostolic Church. 97% of the Armenian population claims to be Christian. The Armenian Genocide, also called the Armenian Holocaust, Armenian Massacre, and The Great Crime, happen over the span of almost 10 years, 1909-1918. During this time, many Armenians left the country, but an estimated of up to 2 million people were killed by death marches, extermination camps, as well as murder and epidemics. To this day, the Ottoman Empire, now Turkey, refutes the claim that this genocide ever happened. During the Armenian Genocide, many Armenians left the country. This is called diaspora. Through this, many Armenians came to America. Many changed their names and stopped teaching the Armenian language to their children. They did these things in order to conform to society. My great-great-grandfather narrowly escaped the Armenian Genocide, and his brother, Harry Yessaian, wrote a book about it called Out of Turkey. Out of Turkey is now out of print, but it can be found online. Although my family identifies Armenia, the town we are 'from' is actually in Turkey. It is called Efkere. My family came to the US in 1911 and my great-great-grandfather changed our name from Yessaian to Essian. It seems as tho he tried out our name a few different ways because in a few signatures it was spelled "Essayian." The music of Armenia is mainly a combination of indigenous folk music and duduk music as well as extensive christian music. The duduk is the national instrument. A famous duduk player is Djivan Gasparyan. The duduk is a double-reed woodwind instrument. However, unlike others, it has a very large, un-flattened reed in proportion to its size. The duduk is indigenous to Armenia. This guy is super-duper famous. Also very popular in the Armenian church is chant music, much like Byzantine chant. It is mainly monophonic. However, in the 19th century, polyphony was also introduced into said church music. This music is written in 1 of 8 modes with Khaz notation, indigenous to Armenia. However, Armenia's tuning system is based on tetrachords. Many of the lyrics are written my Narses Shnorhali and Saint Mesrop Mashtots. All are of Armenian descent: System of a Down, Cherylin Sarkissian*, Sirusho, Andre and Harout Pamboukjin, Andre Agassi*, Andy Madadian, Derek Sharinian, Vigen Derderian, Serj Tankian, Charles Aznavourian and Armik. Armenian Folk music is very popular. The Shoghaken Folk Ensemble is very famous. The video to my left is of an Armenian Genocide song. The video above is a popular Armenian folk tune and it is very reminiscent of the style with chanting and call and response. The Armenian Duduk The Armenian Kanun The Armenian Oud The Armenian Dhol The Armenian Zurna Active Listening: I will play a series of examples of a few instruments. I will then ask the students the qualities and characteristics of each. Enactive Listening: This is a very popular folk dance called Kochari. If the skill level was right, I would have the students learn this dance over the course of a few class periods. We could then perform it all together. Active Listening: This dance is called the Berd dance and is very popular due to one specific characteristic. What characteristic is it? After this lesson, SWBAT identify specific instruments and their sound as well as certain types of dances. They will also be able to name at least three people/descendents who came over from Armenia. They will also be able to perform a very easy Armenian dance with the class. Enactive Listening: These types of circle dances are very popular at celebrations and weddings. http://www.youtube.com https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/am.html Sources!! http://www.musicofarmenia.com/ Head Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body http://efkere.com/ http://www.gov.am/en/ http://www.face-music.ch/instrum/armenia_instrum_en.html Enactive Listening: This will take time! Learn a simple, older Armenian Chat and perform it together.
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