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Transcript of Islam
Muslims believe that the most fundamental characteristics of a Muslim is piety and humility. Piety meaning that they should always be willing to give and be sympathetic towards the less fortunate and that a Muslim must be humble with God and other people. They also believe they should not be vain nor attached to any material objects in this world. They should also encourage gratitude, patience and honesty.
3. A Muslim gives generously to charity as an act of purification and growth
1. There is no God worthy of worship except the one God, the source of all creation, and Muhammad is the messenger of God
2. Five times daily, a Muslim prays, facing the city of Makkah, as a direct link to God
Core Beliefs of Islam
The key beliefs of Islam is represented by the five pillars of faith:
Islam and the Cultural Landscape
The religion of Islam has altered the cultural landscape trough the building of Mosques throughout the years. Mosques are very elaborate structures that Muslims worship in. Examples of these Mosques are Masjid al-Haram, Masjid Nabawi, and even the Taj Mahal
The religion of Islam originated around 600 AD in the Central Asian Arabian desert. Islam was founded through the prophet Muhammad. Different from the story traced by Christianity and Judaism, Islam traces its story through the second wife of Abraham Hager and son Ishmael. Muhammad is a descendant of Ishmael.
Islam in arabic means the "submission to the will of God". Islam can also be called Muslim which means "one who surrenders to God".
The two major branches of Islam: the Sunnis and the Shiites.
The Sunnis are the largest of the two branches consisting of 83% of Muslims. Sunnis are followers of the prophet Sunnah. The word Sunni comes from "people following the example of Muhammad." the Sunnis are further divided into four main schools of thought. This depends on the teacher they choose to provide the correct interpretation. The Sunnis accept the Shiites as muslims but the two branches have an ongoing debate.
The Shiites consist of 16% of the muslim population. 30% of the Shiites are in Iran, 15% in Pakistan, and 10% in Iraq. the word Shiite comes from the Arabic word for "Sectarian." The Shiites unlike the Sunnis regard Ali and his descendents as the legitimate successors to the prophet Muhammad.
Distribution of the Sunni and Shiites
By: Christina and Kayla Magrini
4. A Muslim fasts during the month of Ramadan as an act of self purification
5. If physically and financially able, a Muslim makes a pilgrimage to Makkah
Diffusion of Islam
The diffusion of Islam began when Muhammad started preaching revelation that the muslims believe had been told to him by God. After Muhammad died the Islams started expanding all through the 17th century by invading countries. They spread all throughout the Middle East and were then able to invade Spain and to continue on into India. Islam was spread through the means of relocation diffusion through missionaries and invasions.
Universalizing or Ethnic?
Role of women in Islam
Islamic burial process
Role that Calendar
has on religion
There are five main scared places for Islam:
The Ka'ba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia is the most sacred place for Islams. The Ka'ba is a mosque built by Abraham. Muhammad designated Mecca as the holy city of Islam. Muslims also offer their prayer in the direction of Mecca this is known as the qibla. The Ka'ba is believed to be the first place that was ever created on Earth and the place that heavenly bliss and power touches the Earth. Every year every Muslim that is physically and finchially able makes the pilgrimage to Mecca. About 3 million gather for the pilgrimage known as the Hajj. Many perform the minor pilgrimage Umrah at various times throughout the year.
Medina called the "City of the Prophet" is in the Hejaz region of west Saudi Arabia. This is the city that Muhammad fled to when he was forced from Mecca. This is also wher Muhammad attracted his first followers. It is also the home to "The Prophet's mosque". This mosque was built on top of Muhammad's home he is also buried here. The first mosque of Islam is also built in Medina called the Quba Mosque.
Jerusalem was the original qibla until changed to Mecca. Muhammad miraculously traveled Jerusalem by night and ascended from there into heaven. The two most important holy sites in Jerusalem are the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.
Karbala is located in Iraq. Shiite Muslims consider it to be one of the most places in the world, second only to Mecca and Najaf. At the center of the city is the Mashad al-Husain, the tomb of Husain bin Ali, the grandson of Muhammad. His tomb is a place of pilgrimage for many Shiite muslims. Many elderly pilgrims travel here to await death, they believe the tomb to be one of the gates to paradise.
Najaf is the site of the tomb of Ali ibn Abi Talib or Imam Ali. The Shiites consider him to be their founder and their first Imam. The tomb is called The Meshed Ali. This is another location of pilgrimage for Muslims. Nearby is the Wadi-us-Salaam or Valley of Peace, it is claimed to be the largest cemetary in the Muslim world.
When a Muslim dies it is said that their body is to be buried as soon as possible. To prepare the body for the funeral it must be washed (Ghusl). The body is to be washed by a close same sex family member or spouse. The body needs to be washed three times. The body is to be washed going from right to left. Next, is shrouding (kafan) to shroud the body is to be placed on three white sheets and their hands are to if possible be placed in prayer position. Then the sheets are folded over right side left side until fully wrapped. The shrouding is then secured with ropes and transported to the Mosque. At the Mosque the Salat al-Janazah prayers are performed and finally the body is transported over to the cementary for burial.
Islam uses a strict lunar calendar. In a thirty year cycle it has 19 years with 354 days and 11 years with 355. By using a lunar calendar, Muslim holidays arrive in different seasons from generation to generation. For example in A.D. 1990 Ramadan fell on March 28 and in A.D. 2020 Ramadan will start April 24. The observance of Ramadan can interfere with critical agricultural activities depending on the season but because it is a universalizing religion if Ramadan was a fixed date countries would have to make changes to observe Ramadan.
One Islamic religious conflict is between Muslims and Jews. The issue arose when the Muslims built the al-Aqsa Mosque on the site of the second Jewish temple ruins. Another problem between these two religions is that the west wall of the second Jewish temple ruins is a place of worship for the Jews but this wall is underneath the Muslim Mosque. So the Muslims had to create a agreement to still be able to visit their Mosques but not have to disturb the praying Jews. This caused much strain on the two religions.
Islam is a universalizing religion. It is the dominant religion in the Middle East from North Africa to central Asia. Islam is the religion of 1.3 billion people. half of the Muslim population live in Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India.
The religious obligstions of women are no different from men. They are required to pray, fast, and make pilgrimages. A women, according to law, cannot be forced into marriage without their consent and has equal rights to the man except that the man has the leadership position in the relationship. Economically, women have full right to money, real estate and other properties. political rights include the rights of election and nominations to political offices. as well as the right to participate in public affairs. Muslim women generally wear a headress called a hijab as a requirement of modesty.
The cultural landscape an introduction to human geography.
(10th ed.). Pearson Education inc.