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States of

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by

Ron Vassallo

on 16 October 2013

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Transcript of States of

States of
Water

Ice
Ice is the solid state of water. It is formed when the temperature of liquid water goes to zero degrees Celsius or below. The ways it usually occurs in are snowflakes, hail, icicles, ice spikes, glaciers, frost, and polar ice caps. Ice is categorized as a mineral and is surprisingly less dense than liquid water, which why ice floats on water. When liquid water freezes and forms ice it expands and sometimes the expansion can be surprisingly big. Ice is actually a common cause of house flooding because water pipes in the house bust due to freezing water expanding. When ice melts it absorbs as much energy as possible and must break hydrogen bonds between ice molecules to get that energy and increase its temperature. Ice is definitely a very interesting state of water.
Water Vapor
Water vapor is the gaseous state of water. The gas can form by evaporation or boiling of liquid water. One thing that separates water vapor from the other states is it is actually invisible. It's even lighter than air. Humidity is also measured by how much water vapor is in the air. The condensation of water vapor to liquid water and ice causes clouds, rain, snow, and all other types of precipitation. The energy responsible for turning liquid water into water vapor can cause powerful, destructive storms such as hurricanes and derechos (large thunderstorms). Water vapor in the atmosphere is repeatedly diminished by precipitation, but is easily renewed by evaporation from most seas, lakes, rivers, and moist earth. Water vapor is an odd state of water, especially since you can't see it.
Water
Liquid water is the liquid state of water. It has exactly two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom and covers about 71% of the earth's surface. Not only that, but it is essential for all known living organisms on earth. Only 2.5% of all of the earth's water is fresh water and 98.8% of that water is either in ice or groundwater. Water is used by humans to grow crops, as a scientific standard, washing, transportation, chemical uses, heat exchange, fire extinction, recreation, industrial applications, food processing, and staying alive. Water is even used in religion as a purifier for one's wrong doings. We use water for many, many things, but the most important thing we use it for by far is to survive
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