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Transcript of Horror Fiction
What is Horror Literature?
The History of Horror Fiction
Horror fiction has an ancient history and has its roots in folklore.
In the 18th century, gothic horror became a major genre. But the real mainstream breakthrough for horror literature came in the 19th century.
The Raven Edgar Allan Poe
The Way out
Fiction written with the intention of frightening its readers.
Can have supernatural elements, but can also be completely non-supernatural.
"The oldest and strongest emotion of mankind is fear, and the oldest and strongest kind of fear is fear of the unknown" H.P Lovecraft
Non-supernational elements commonly used in horror fiction are death and religious traditions.
Supernatural elements can be things such as ghosts, vampires, werewolves and witches
The horror literature of the 18th and 19th century was not only about frightening people, but also often used as a metaphor for problems the current generation was facing.
E.g. Sexuality in Dracula and science in Frankenstein.
Horror in the 19th Century
In the 19th Century the earlier Gothic tradition developed into the horror genre. Alot of influential novels and short stories were written during this era, by both British and American writers.
Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, Dracula by Bram Stoker and The Strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson are some of the most well known stories from this period, still highly popular today.
... and in the 20th and 21st Century
In the beginning of the 20th Century, the publication of magazines, news papers and literary journals grew big. Many writers published short stories in these and horror stories became very popular. One of the most successful horror writers was H.P Lovecraft.
Later, in the 1960s and '70s writers such as Stephen King and Dean Koonz gained mainstream popularity, by mixing horror elements with thrilling stories, science fiction and mystery.
- American author, poet and critic
- Grew up with foster parents
- Married his 13 year old cousin when he was 26
- The Raven his big breakthrough
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849)
Discuss in pairs.
What happens in the sections you have been assigned?
Try to sum up and be prepared to present in class.