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How To Use Evidence in Body Paragraphs

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by

Sara Beam

on 12 June 2017

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Transcript of How To Use Evidence in Body Paragraphs

Paragraph Structure
First, remember the paragraphing basics:

Body paragraph =

Topic Sentence
Support (presentation of evidence)
Concluding Sentence
How to Present Evidence: Credibility & Relevance
Your reader will want to know that your sources of evidence are credible. So, for
every
bit of evidence, you should indicate the source's origin (author, title, and/or date) in the
signal phrase
*
and/or in a
citation
.
Important!
Try to start and end paragraphs on your own words!

Writing
Topic
and
Concluding
Sentences will help you do just that.

This will help you establish your own voice in the paper so it doesn't devolve into a list of quotes and paraphrases.
Example
How to Present Evidence
How to Present Evidence: Amount
How much evidence to include will always depend on your paper's...

audience
= WHOM you're writing for (see the assignment sheet, textbooks, and class notes)

and

purpose
= WHAT your paper is supposed TO DO (such as to describe or to persuade)

General Guideline: include 2-4 pieces of evidence per paragraph, unless your instructor or class texts say to do something different.
How To Use Evidence in Body Paragraphs
Thank you!

Watson’s first attempts to interpret Holmes reveal that Holmes possesses a different, non-legitimated or extra-institutional, sort of smarts.
Watson notes that Holmes “was not studying medicine,” nor “did he appear to have pursued any course of reading which might fit him for a degree in science or any other recognized portal which would give him an entrance into the learned world” (Doyle 14). Also, Watson narrates, Holmes has a “zeal” or aptitude for “certain studies,” and “within eccentric limits” Holmes’ “knowledge was so extraordinarily ample and minute that his observations have fairly astounded me” (14). A learned man himself, Watson recognizes that Holmes’ work does not fall within familiar parameters of knowledge.
Watson determines, in a detailed and reasoned manner, that Holmes's brilliance lies in his unconventional ways of understanding the world.
Now that you know where the support goes, you should think about (1) how much to include and (2) how to show your reader that your sources are trustworthy and why your selected evidence is relevant.
<-- Topic Sentence
<--
Support
for Assertion in Topic Sentence
<-- Concluding Sentence
*A phrase introducing a quote or paraphrase (e.g. Jane Smith argues...)
Your reader will also want to know why the evidence is relevant to the paper's thesis or overall purpose. So, you should immediately

explain
the evidence (in 1-2 sentences) in terms of your topic sentence.
Example
Harriet Taylor Mill played an important role in advancing women's rights.
For example, in 1851, she and husband John Stuart Mill co-authored a text that made three demands:
that women be granted “1. Education in primary and high schools, universities, medical, legal, and theological institutions; 2. Partnership in the labours and gains, risks and remunerations, of productive industry; and 3. A coequal share in the formation and administration of laws – municipal, state, and national – through legislative assemblies, courts and executive offices”
(“The Enfranchisement of Women”)
.
The demands are presented clearly, concisely, and reasonably in order to effectively convince readers that women did suffer without these rights and did deserve to have them.
Harriet Taylor Mill's contributions to the women's rights movement, such as the document above, helped make strides toward gaining a voice in business and politics.
<--
Signal Phrase
<--In-text Citation (MLA)
<--
Explanation
<--
Evidence
The Difference between Evidence and Support
Here's how it works:

Evidence
= concrete details from real life or from the text under debate

Support
= both the evidence and the explanation of the evidence, including the warrant (connection between evidence and claim)
Full transcript