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Transcript of Photograms
A photogram can be considered a collage, without the need for scissors and glue. Photograms http://www.photogram.org/frame.html
- an extensive site of work and images by historical and contemporary artists Called Untitled, and actually a photograph of a photogram of vintage clothing by Australian artist Anne Ferran,
http://www.abc.net.au/arts/visual/stories/s586494.htm The image obtained is a negative and the effect can be quite similar to an X-Ray.
This method of imaging is perhaps most prominently attributed to Man Ray (1890-1976) and his exploration of what he called ‘rayographs.’ He offered a lovely definition:
"une photographie obtenue par simple interposition de l'objet entre le papier sensible et la source lumineuse ".
Quoted on Les Rudnick’s site: http://www.photograms.org/introduction.html Anna Atkins, Dandelions, 1854 Photogram - A one-of-a-kind photographic artwork in which no camera is required to take a picture and no negative is used during the exposure. Instead, By placing objects onto a piece of light sensitive paper in a darkroom, you can use an enlarger to cast light onto the paper and capture the silhouettes of the objects. A further “collage-like” idea: The Composite photogram - Each print contains a center image made from a negative. This is exposed, then masked off. A photogram is then created around the center image, in a kind of a border. More examples of Man Ray’s ‘rayographs’, taken from the site of the George Eastman House,
[What is George Eastman House?] Anna Atkins, Algae
Taken from the Wikipedia page on Cyanotype, which offers a great description and useful links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyanotype From the Blueprint for Living series, 2006.
http://www.angela-easterling.co.uk/blueprint.htm Contemporary artists who work with the photogram form include:
- Angela Easterling’s work with full-body photograms (cyanotypes) Rayograph Man Ray .1922 (23.9 x 17.8 cm)
http://www.metmuseum.org/collections/search-the-collections/190017270 Photograms were some of the first ‘photographs’, created by well-known 19th century experimenters like Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877) and Anna Atkins (1799-1871). Sometimes considered the first female photographer, Atkins is famous for having created the first photographic book -- of photograms (cyanotypes) based on plants.
Man Ray, Untitled Rayogram, 1922. http://www.tumblr.com/tagged/rayogram See http://www.susanpurdy.net/ Pierrot Snow http://www.irenacarlson.com http://aperture64.wordpress.com/2012/08/03/taking-the-darkroom-to-the-computer/ Other notable modernists who experimented with the technique include Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Christian Schad (who called them "Schadographs"), Imogen Cunningham and Pablo Picasso. Emilio Amero "Glasses" :http://www.emilioamero.com/photo.html The Recto/Versa Photograms by Robert Heinecken