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Photograms

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by

Scott McMaster

on 11 January 2013

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Transcript of Photograms

The work of Susan Purdy has an environmental theme, and in her current work of Lost Forest explores the gradual destruction of Australia’s Great South Gippsland Forest through logging, with a remarkable room-size installation of 72 individual photograms.

A photogram can be considered a collage, without the need for scissors and glue. Photograms http://www.photogram.org/frame.html
- an extensive site of work and images by historical and contemporary artists Called Untitled, and actually a photograph of a photogram of vintage clothing by Australian artist Anne Ferran,
http://www.abc.net.au/arts/visual/stories/s586494.htm The image obtained is a negative and the effect can be quite similar to an X-Ray.
This method of imaging is perhaps most prominently attributed to Man Ray (1890-1976) and his exploration of what he called ‘rayographs.’ He offered a lovely definition:
"une photographie obtenue par simple interposition de l'objet entre le papier sensible et la source lumineuse ".
Quoted on Les Rudnick’s site: http://www.photograms.org/introduction.html Anna Atkins, Dandelions, 1854 Photogram - A one-of-a-kind photographic artwork in which no camera is required to take a picture and no negative is used during the exposure. Instead, By placing objects onto a piece of light sensitive paper in a darkroom, you can use an enlarger to cast light onto the paper and capture the silhouettes of the objects. A further “collage-like” idea: The Composite photogram - Each print contains a center image made from a negative. This is exposed, then masked off. A photogram is then created around the center image, in a kind of a border. More examples of Man Ray’s ‘rayographs’, taken from the site of the George Eastman House,
http://www.geh.org/amico2000/htmlsrc/manray_sld00001.html

[What is George Eastman House?] Anna Atkins, Algae
Taken from the Wikipedia page on Cyanotype, which offers a great description and useful links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyanotype From the Blueprint for Living series, 2006.
See
http://www.angela-easterling.co.uk/blueprint.htm Contemporary artists who work with the photogram form include:
- Angela Easterling’s work with full-body photograms (cyanotypes) Rayograph Man Ray .1922 (23.9 x 17.8 cm)
http://www.metmuseum.org/collections/search-the-collections/190017270 Photograms were some of the first ‘photographs’, created by well-known 19th century experimenters like Henry Fox Talbot (1800-1877) and Anna Atkins (1799-1871). Sometimes considered the first female photographer, Atkins is famous for having created the first photographic book -- of photograms (cyanotypes) based on plants.

Man Ray, Untitled Rayogram, 1922. http://www.tumblr.com/tagged/rayogram See http://www.susanpurdy.net/ Pierrot Snow http://www.irenacarlson.com http://aperture64.wordpress.com/2012/08/03/taking-the-darkroom-to-the-computer/ Other notable modernists who experimented with the technique include Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Christian Schad (who called them "Schadographs"), Imogen Cunningham and Pablo Picasso. Emilio Amero "Glasses" :http://www.emilioamero.com/photo.html The Recto/Versa Photograms by Robert Heinecken
photogramshttp://www.landweber.com/RectoVerso/rv_writers_1.html#cohen
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