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Rhetorical Strategies: Mother Tongue, by Amy Tan

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Alex Winninghoff

on 29 April 2013

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Transcript of Rhetorical Strategies: Mother Tongue, by Amy Tan

by Amy Tan Rhetorical Strategies in MOTHER TONGUE LEARNING
TARGET RI.9-10.6. Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how an author uses rhetoric to advance that point of view or purpose. COMMON CORE POWER STANDARD/LEARNING TARGET PS 8 Analyze author’s purpose and evaluate the effectiveness of author’s writing style using persuasive devices to influence different audiences.

LT 1 Identify and explain the intended effects of persuasive strategies the author uses to influence readers’ perspectives. WHY SHOULD WE LEARN THIS? Continuing to develop your knowledge and understanding of rhetorical strategies will help you become more critical in your thinking, and more independent. Analyzing informational texts also improves your vocabulary and English fluency. DO NOW Get out your "How To Tame.." & "Mother Tongue" texts and Cornell notes. Review the Anzaldua text by skimming the text and your notes. I will cold-call to ask 3 thing you remember about "How To Tame..." The Plan: RS
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STOP & THINK WHAT IS THE AUTHOR DOING? WHAT IS THE AUTHOR SAYING? EVOKE KEENLY INTERSECTIONS NORMALIZE INTIMACY TRANSCRIBED BELIES VIVID IMAGERY FRACTURED WINCE WHOLENESS PERCEPTIONS EMPIRICLE GUISE STOCKBROKER ASTONISHED BENIGN ASSURANCES REGRETTABLE SOCIOLOGIST LINGUISTS INSULAR PRECISE BLAND SEMANTIC ANALOGIES ASSOCIATIVE DISPROVING ASSUMPTIONS PREMED HONE WITTILY QUANDARY NASCENT INTERNAL INTENT CRITIC VERDICT
To call up or produce (memories, feelings, etc.): to evoke a memory.

To elicit or draw forth: His comment evoked protests from the shocked listeners.

To call up; cause to appear; summon: to evoke a spirit from the dead.
Finely sharpened, as an edge; so shaped as to cut or pierce substances readily: a keen razor.

Sharp, piercing, or biting: a keen wind; keen satire.

Characterized by strength and distinctness of perception; extremely sensitive or responsive: keen eyes; keen ears. A place where two or more roads meet, especially when at least one is a major highway; junction.

Any place of intersection or the act or fact of intersecting. To make normal.

To establish or resume (relations) in a normal manner, as between countries. The state of being intimate.

A close, familiar, and usually affectionate or loving personal relationship with another person or group.

A close association with or detailed knowledge or deep understanding of a place, subject, period of history, etc.: an intimacy with Japan. To make a written copy, especially a typewritten copy, of (dictated material, notes taken during a lecture, or other spoken material).

To make an exact copy of (a document, text, etc.).

To write out in another language or alphabet; translate or transliterate: to transcribe Chinese into English characters. To show to be false; contradict: His trembling hands belied his calm voice.

To misrepresent: The newspaper belied the facts.

To act unworthily according to the standards of (a tradition, one's ancestry, one's faith, etc.). Strikingly bright or intense, as color, light, etc.: a vivid green.

Full of life; lively; animated: a vivid personality.

Presenting the appearance, freshness, spirit, etc., of life; realistic: a vivid account. The formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things, or of such images collectively: the dim
imagery of a dream.

Pictorial images.

The use of rhetorical images. The breaking of a bone, cartilage, or the like, or the resulting condition. Compare comminuted fracture, complete fracture, compound fracture, greenstick fracture, simple fracture.

The act of breaking; state of being broken.

A break, breach, or split. To draw back or tense the body, as from pain or from a blow; start; flinch. Comprising the full quantity, amount, extent, number, etc., without diminution or exception; entire, full, or total: He ate the whole pie. They ran the whole distance.

Containing all the elements properly belonging; complete: We have a whole set of antique china.

Undivided; in one piece: to swallow a thing whole. The act or faculty of apprehending by means of the senses or of the mind; cognition; understanding.

Immediate or intuitive recognition or appreciation, as of moral, psychological, or aesthetic qualities; insight; intuition; discernment: an artist of rare perception.

The result or product of perceiving, as distinguished from the act of perceiving; percept.
Depending upon experience or observation alone, without using scientific method or theory, especially as in medicine.

Provable or verifiable by experience or experiment.
An external form, appearance, or manner of presentation, typically hiding the true nature of something. A broker who buys and sells securities on a stock exchange on behalf of clients. To fill with sudden and overpowering surprise or wonder; amaze: Her easy humor and keen intellect astonished me. A positive declaration intended to give confidence: He received assurances of support for the project.

Pull confidence; freedom from doubt; certainty: to act in the assurance of success. Causing or deserving regret; unfortunate; deplorable. Causing sadness or disappointment : unfortunate The study of society, social institutions, and social relationships People who studies linguistics Separated from other people or cultures : not knowing or interested in new or different ideas Very accurate and exact

Refers to an exact and particular time, location, etc. ▪ Smooth and soothing in manner or quality <a bland smile>

Exhibiting no personal concern or embarrassment : unperturbed <a bland confession of guilt>

Not irritating, stimulating, or invigorating : boring The meaning of language and the relationship between words, phrases and what they stand for. Of or relating to association especially of ideas or images

Dependent on or acquired by association or learning

Of, having, or being the property of combining to the same mathematical result regardless of the grouping of an To prove to be false or wrong
A taking to or upon oneself <the assumption of a new position

The act of laying claim to or taking possession of something <the assumption of power>

An assuming that something is true

A fact or statement (as a proposition, axiom, postulate, or notion) taken for granted A premedical student or course of study to make more acute, intense, or effective Amusingly or ingeniously clever in conception or execution <the costumes are sumptuous and witty

Quick or ready to see or express illuminating or amusing relationships or insights A state of perplexity or doubt Coming or having recently come into existence Existing or situated within the limits or surface of something The act or fact of intending : purpose; especially : the design or purpose to commit a wrongful or criminal act

The state of mind with which an act is done One who expresses a reasoned opinion on any matter especially involving a judgment of its value, truth, righteousness, beauty, or technique

One who engages often professionally in the analysis, evaluation, or appreciation of works of art or artistic performances The finding or decision of a jury on the matter submitted to it in trial Get out your Cornell Notes for "How To Tame..." & "Mother Tongue".
Skim "How To Tame..." text and notes
Get ready to analyze, compare, and contrast! Compare/contrast the ways Anzaldua and Tan feel pride about their ways of using language. Provide quotes for textual evidence. Compare/contrast the ways Anzaldua's and Tan's mothers relate to the use of academic/ "standard" English. Use textual evidence. Compare/contrast the ways Anzaldua and Tan use code-switching in their lives and writing. Use textual evidence. Compare/contrast the ways Anzaldua and Tan use the three rhetorical strategies in their essays. Use textual evidence. Award-winning author, Amy Tan begins her essay by saying, "I am not a scholar of English or literature" How is this statement a use of pathos? Create a question and notes. Describe a way in which Tan uses Ethos in the previous section. How does she gain credibility from you, the reader? Write a question and notes. What rhetorical strategy does Tan use when discussing her use of language with her husband? Please describe your answer, and write a question and notes. Why does the author list the magazines her mother reads? How does doing so show her mother's English credibility? Write a questions and notes. How does Tan use Logos in the last paragraph? Develop a question and notes. How does Tan's story about what happened five days ago act as a rhetorical strategy? Discuss with a neighbor, and develop a questions and notes. In the paragraph beginning with "This is understandable...", how does Tan use logos? Develop a question and notes. How does Tan's use of imagery act as a rhetorical strategy? Which one? Talk with a partner, develop a question and write notes. What rhetorical strategy does Tan use when she discusses the surveys she has read? Develop a question and notes. What rhetorical strategy can you identify in the final paragraph? Analyze closely with a partner and express your understanding through development of a question and notes. 1.) Compare/contrast the ways Anzaldua and Tan feel pride about their ways of using language. Provide quotes for textual evidence. 2.) Compare/contrast the ways Anzaldua's and Tan's mothers relate to the use of academic/ "standard" English. Use textual evidence. 3.) Compare/contrast the ways Anzaldua and Tan use code-switching in their lives and writing. Use textual evidence. 4.) Compare/contrast the ways Anzaldua and Tan use the three rhetorical strategies in thier essays. Use textual evidence. LET'S USE TEXTUAL EVIDENCE TO DEVELOP A PERSUASIVE ARGUMENT! SELECT 3 OUT OF THE 4 QUESTIONS TO ADDRESS IN YOUR ESSAY SOCRATIC
GRAPHIC
ORGANIZER Question 1: Question 2: Question 3: WHAT'S A SOCRATIC SEMINAR? HOW DOES IT WORK? INNER CIRCLE OUTER CIRCLE ASSESSMENT HOW DO WE VERBALIZE OUR THOUGHTS? INDEPENDENT REREADING AND ANNOTATION Complete 20 annotations using four of the five skills of a good reader. CLARIFY VOCABULARY x5
IMAGERY x5
ASK QUESTIONS AND ANSWER THEM USING TEXT-BASED ANSWERS x5
SUMMARIZE SECTIONS x5
Having little or no detrimental effect; harmless: Drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect; "the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain" So what did you learn? On a separate sheet of paper, write a brief summary of the article beginning with the MAIN IDEA of this article. Next, write 3-4 sentences describing the most important details of Tan's essay. Hand them in on the way out the door. BEFORE YOU GO... LET'S TALK ABOUT CODE SWITCHING Think about an environment where you use language that not EVERYONE understands. (Home using a second language, a place where you use special jargon like football, a way you use "slang" with friends, etc.)
Grab a piece of paper and write two-three paragraphs using that language. Write JUST as you would speak it.
You will share these with a partner. Super Fun! African American English (AAE); also called African American Vernacular English (AAVE) Terms used by linguists to refer to a language variety spoken by many African Americans. This variety is often a target for prejudice and ignorance, but it has also been one of the most extensively studied and discussed varieties of American English. Many linguists studying the origins of AAE consider that the differences between this and other varieties of American English are due to its origins as a creole language formed during the time of slavery. Bidialectalism/bilingualism The ability to speak two dialects or two languages. Most of the people in the world speak more than one language; the United States is somewhat rare in that many citizens speak only English. Bidialectalismcan be promoted by helping students learn the contrasts between vernacular language varieties and standard varieties of a language. Cajun The variety of French brought to Louisiana in 1765 by the Acadians, or Cajuns, when they were deported from the Canadian settlement of Acadia (now Nova Scotia and New Brunswick). Originally of French descent, these people spoke a variety of French that was different from the French spoken in France. Because Cajuns tended to live in isolation, their language variety survives today. Cajun English is the variety of English spoken by Cajuns. It is heavily influenced by French vocabulary and pronunciation AAE SPANGLISH CAJUN BOSTON ACCENT GET OUT CORNELL NOTES FOR "HOW TO TAME..." & "MOTHER TONGUE" TURN THIS IN!
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