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Prefixes and Suffixes

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Genesis Lobo

on 31 January 2015

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Transcript of Prefixes and Suffixes

Prefixes and Suffixes.
Prefixes are added to the beginning of words nouns, adjectives, pronouns belonging, adverbs and verbs, in order to get a different meaning.
Prefix MIS:
Do something wrong. Usually accompanied unscripted verbs. Ex:

* print/misprint = imprimir/cometer errata.
* take/mistake = tomar/error.
* treat/mistreat = tratar/tratar mal.
* inform/misinform = informar/desinforme.
* count/miscount = contar/error de cuenta.
Prefix OVER
Over means too, excessive, over. Ex:

* charge/overcharge = carga/sobrecarga.
* time/overtime = tiempo,vez/horas extras, sobre tiempo
* heat/overheat = calor/sobrecalentamiento.
* grown/overgrown = crecer/sobrecrecer.

Prefix DIS
The prefix Dis is a denial that often accompanies nouns. Ex:

* honesty/dishonesty = honesto/desonesto
* ability/disability = habilidad/inhabilidad
* appear/disappear = aparecer/desaparecer
* obey/disobey = obedecer/desobedecer
* honor/dishonor = honor/deshonor
* order/disorder = orden/desorden
* like/dislike = gustar/detestar
* rupt/disruptive = ruptura/reunir

• Prefix to be added to adjectives to
form other adjectives:

1. IN-: independent, incredible...
a) im- (delante de p y m): imposible, immoral
b) ir- (delante de r): irregular, irracional...
c) il- (delante de l): illegal, illogical...

2. DIS-: dishonest, disagreable...

3. UN-: unhappy, unlikely...

• Prefix to be added to verbs to form other verbs:
1. UN-: undo, uncover...
2. DIS-: disapprove, dislike...
3. DE-: decode, defrost...
4. MIS-: mislead, misunderstand...
5. MAL-: maltreat, malfunction...
6. OVER-: overdo, overcook...
7. UNDER-: underpay, undercharge...
8. FORE-: forego, foretell...
9. EN-: enrich, encourage…
a) em- (delante de p y b): empower, embitter…


They are added to the end of nouns, adjectives, verbs and vocabulary. Changing nouns into adjectives, adjectives, adverbs, verbs into nouns or adjectives, etc, in order to get a different meaning.
Surffix ABLE:

Suffix forming adjectives from verbs. Does not apply to nouns. Mean able-ible Ex:
* to drink/drinkable = beber/bebible
* to reason/reasonable = razonar/rasonable
* to enjoy/enjoyable = disfrutar/disfrutable
* to remove/removable = remover/removible
* to believe/believable = creer/creíble

Surffix FUL:

• Prefix to be added to adjectives to form
other adjectives:
The Ful suffix is ​​added to nouns to form nouns and adjectives. Mean ada, ado, ido, oso. Ex:
* wonder/wonderful = maravilla/maravilloso
* color/colorful = color/colorido

Surffix NESS:
With the suffix ness we convert adjectives into nouns. But if the adjective ends in and change this by i before the suffix added. Mean dad-eza. Ex:
* Sick/sickness = enfermo/enfermedad
* Dark/darkness = oscuro/oscuridad
* Sad/sadness = triste/tristeza
* Happy/happiness= feliz/felicidad
* Great/greatness = gran/grandeza

Surffix LESS:
* worth/worthless = útil/inútil
* hope/hopeless = esperanza/sin esperanza
* home/homeless = casa/sin casa
* friend/friendless = amigo/desvalido
* end/endless = fin/sin fin

This suffix gives us the ability to alter nouns for adjectives. Being very useful when dealing with the comparative. It is a type suffix meaning denial and without. Ex:
1. -ER: writer, runner...
a) -or: actor, director...
b) -ar: beggar, liar...
2. -ANT: informant, applicant...
3. -IST: artist, typist...
4. -EE (el que recibe la acción): employee,refugee
5. -EER: mountaineer, engineer...

• Suffixes are added to verbs and nouns to
indicate who performs the action.
• Suffixes are added to a verb or adjective to form a name:
1. -TION: attention, description...
2. -ATION: justification, information…
3. -ING: saving, mailing...
4. -AL: arrival, disposal...
5. -ITY: similarity, curiosity…
6. -ACY: accuracy, privacy…

The words must be created somehow. There are different grammatical processes by which new words are formed. One is what is known as bypass. The prefixes and suffixes help to create new words through this mechanism, and that the new words are derived from other, reason also why, to a word that is formed from a prefix or a suffix, it is called as word derived.
What are the prefixes and suffixes?
• Suffixes are added to a name to form an adjective.
1. -FUL: beautiful, useful...
2. -LESS: careless, breathless...
3. -Y: hairy, crunchy...
4. -LY: friendly, brotherly...
5. -ISH: reddish, girlish...
6. -LIKE: childlike, lifelike…

• Suffixes are added to adjectives to abstract nouns:
1. -NESS: friendliness, usefulness...
2. -HOOD: neigbourhood, childhood...
3. -SHIP: friendship, township...
4. -DOM: kingdom, freedom...

Yohana L. Angel R.
Publicidad 84

• Suffixes are added to nouns or verbs to form adjectives:
1. -OUS: dangerous, famous...
a) -ious: ambitious, furious…
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