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Freedom And Equality A Long Journey
Transcript of Freedom And Equality A Long Journey
On that Saturday night in June, eight police officers came to raid the bar. Everyone was told to line up outside and provide identification. The officers were waiting for the wagons to show up to make their usual arrests except, they were not ready for what was about to happen. One patron refused to cooperate, stating that what they were doing was wrong and unjust. A crowd started forming and grew to hundreds, the police was outnumbered. They chanted "Gay power, gay power!" They attacked the police and tried to overturn the wagons. No more will they sub come to the tyranny and persecution of homophobics. Word spread of this riot and the next night there was another one in Greenwich Village. A year from the incident the first Gay Pride was born and the beginning of a long journey of Gay Civil Rights. FIRST GAY PRIDE STONEWALL INN Craig Rodwell Craig Rodwell along with other activists founded the Mattachine Society after the Stonewall riots. It was to protest calmly against the riots, but he felt it was not good enough. On June 28th, 1970 he organized the Christopher Street Liberation Day, it was the first gay pride. It covered 51 blocks from Christopher Street to Central Park. Harvey Bernard Milk Dan White 1980's 1970's Silence = Death This was the slogan for gay right activists during this decade. Any progress made by the LGBT community was overshadowed by the emergence of AIDS. There is a ban on homosexuals donating blood because of the fear of AIDS. Also LGBT's were being fired because of the fear of transmition of the virus in the work place. The 1980 Democratic National Convention supports gay rights. Mel Boozer was nominated for Vice president and at the convention he said that "bigotry was bigotry" and that homophobia dishonors our way of life just as much as racism. He later withdrew his nomination. POLITICS MADONNA Pop star singer Madonna steps up for support of the gay community and AIDS awareness. Growing up in Detroit, Michigan she spend a lot of time with the gay community, almost all her friends were LGBT. She accredits them for her success because of their support, she is a Gay Icon. Till this day she remains one of the most powerful voices in the media in support of Gay Civil Rights. Military On JAN-28, The U.S. Department of Defense issued a policy stating that homosexuality is incompatible with military service. Any service member who engages in such conduct will be discharged effective immediately.
In 1985 the Department of Defense started to check all military personnel and recruits for HIV infection.
In 1988 research from the Department of Defense in a report called " The Crittenden Report" concludes that homosexuals pose no security threat and that they are "just as good or better" to serve in the military. Gay Adoption PFLAG In 1972 Parents and Friends of Gay and Lesbians goes national. Jeanne Manford marched with her son in the Christopher Street Liberation Day parade. After many gay and lesbians ran up to her and asked her to talk to their parents she decided to begin a support group. Now celebrating its 40th Anniversary PFLAG continues supporting the LGBT movement. Jeanne Manford holding a photo of her son. Bill Clinton Days after being elected, President Clinton issued an order to change the existing policy of homosexuals in the military. "Don't ask, don't tell" was supposed to protect gay service men but instead it became a witch hunt and 14,500 service members have been discharged since 1993-2009.
In 1996 Clinton signed the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), which means that no state or federal government has to treat an union between persons of the same sex as marriage even if another state does. This came about people fearing gay marriage when Hawaii's Supreme court rules that the state cannot deny same sex couples to get married. This was a backward step in civil rights. AIDS 1990'S In 1998, Corretta Scott King the widow of Civil Rights Movement champion Martin Luther King, joins the struggle against homophobia and get criticized for comparing black civil rights to gay civil rights. 2000 The decade of Gay Marriage As of November 7, 2012 there are 9 states that have legalized gay marriege.
Massachusetts- May 17, 2004
Connecticut- November 12, 2008
Iowa- April 24, 2009
Vermont- September 1, 2009
New Hampshire- January 1, 2010
New York- June 24, 2011
Maryland- November 6, 2012
Maine- November 6, 2012
Washington- November 6, 2012 A NEW HOPE FOR LGBT HISTORY Barack Obama President Barack Obama's campaign in 2008 promised equal right for all no matter what race, gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation or social status. On September 20, 2011 he repeals "don't ask don't tell". Harvey was the first openly gay man to be elected to office in California. He was very conservative until he moved to the Castro District San Francisco when he was 40 years old. There he witnessed the oppression and felt the need to get involved. In 1977 he won the seat of city supervisor but it was short lived.
On November 27, 1978 Dan White assassinated Milk along with Mayor George Moscone. In 1986 Becky Smith and Annie Affleck become the first lesbian parents to be granted adoption. It's the beginning of long court battles overturning and repealing bans on gay families adopting. Religious groups rush to fund campaings against LGBT adoptions stating that children of homosexual turn out to be just the same or worst. Homosexuals are sick people and sexual deviants and will cause harm to our children. They say this even though that in 1973 the American Psychiatric Association (APA) declared that homosexuality is not a mental disorder and they did this by changing the definition of sexual deviance. The most powerful and moving speech in equal rights yet!!! FIN.