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Awareness of Digital Literacy

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Jenny Kiddie

on 28 February 2016

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Transcript of Awareness of Digital Literacy

Awareness of Digital Literacy
Personal, social and economic reasons why some adult and young people may not have developed their digital literacy skills:
Three barriers to digital literacy that some adults and young people may experience:
1.
Fear
- the media has created a negative image of social networking to the extent that many adult learners do not trust or want to engage.
2.
Access
- cost and infrastructure of engaging in the digital world. For many people living in rural communities access to internet is poor. However, the Welsh Government is 'investing in ICT and broadband infrastructure for communities and businesses across Wales to support our economic and digital inclusion objectives.' [Accessed 17/05/15]
3.
Disability
- technology can create its own barrier for many who do not have the resources or knowledge to access digital media and support
Conclusion
With current changes taking place in Essential Skills Wales and the Welsh Bacc, digital literacy presents a new dimension for teaching and learning. It is a time that is exciting, engaging and rewarding for everyone who is not afraid to have a go - experiment, explore and share with your our learners.

Don’t be afraid to make mistake - technology can fail at the best of times!

Have a back up plan and adjust your lesson accordingly if needed – your students will understand if you give an explanation.
Be confident when using technology, but realists too.
If something does not go right the first time, try again, and again !

Aim for today is:
Understand why adults and young people may not have fully developed their digital literacy skills
Analyse three different factors that motivate adults and young people to gain digital literacy skills
Summarise three barriers to digital literacy that adults an young people may experience and suggest ways to overcome these barriers
Explain what is meant by 'diversity and inclusion' in the context of digital literacy
Describe different strategies to ensure diversity and inclusions in digital literacy learning programmes
Explain the effect that tutor values and attitudes may have in relation to diversity and inclusion
Personal reasons:
Lack of confidence - fear of failure or trying
Low basic skills
Personal experiences
Lack of awareness
Lack of interest/motivation
No realisation of the need in current times to interact and engage
Age - Digital native/immigrant
Disability
Social reasons:
Family influence and peer pressure
Speed in which digital literacy is progressing - hard to keep pace of technology and new developments
Fear of the negative aspects of social media, e.g. cyber bullying, revenge porn, sexual exploitation
Belief it will make them less sociable
Offenders/ Ex-offenders
Economic reasons:
Poor access to internet, particularly in rural locations.
affordability - digital literacy can be costly in a time of austerity.
Poor facilities in education: not all schools and colleges are well equipped to offer facilities to all students. Institutions with poor or limited facilities may prioritise access for only specific subjects. This leaves the rest of the students without access.
Three factors that motivate adults and young people to want to gain digital literacy skills:
For both adults and young people, there are two forms of motivation: intrinsic and extrinsic.
Adult:
Extrinisic:
Monetary rewards and improved job prospects
Better management of personal finances using online banking
Ability to become more confident as a digital immigrant using online services
Intrinsic:
Social inclusion in the digital age
Increased social interaction and networking
skills development
Young person:
Extrinsic:
Education - within educations all students are expected to have some level of digital competence/skills
Life choice - applying for university or employment
Monetary - keep up to date in the labour market
Intrinsic:
Keeping in touch with friends. Young people are born into the digital world and are native learners
Pleasure and enjoyment - young people naturally engage in a digital world - second nature
As they are so comfortable with technology, they have lost the skills to think for themselves
Bibliography:
http://gov.wales/topics/businessandeconomy/broadbandandict/broadband/?lang=en
How to overcome these barriers:

Education
Teaching adults and young people how to use social networking safely and how to stay safe online. Organisations, for example Barclays UK supporting customers through the media:
In addition, education can help those with disabilities access the correct tools and software to engage with a digital world, for example Claro software for dyslexic learners, specialised keyboard for those with physical issues, e.g. MS.

Cost
With stiff competition amongst retail companies, and the support of the Welsh Government Digital Strategy, tablets, phones and broadband are slowly becoming more affordable and accessible. In addition, free access to wifi is more readily available in libraries, food chains, etc.


The greatest degree of match or fit between the individual learner’s (digital) requirements and the provision that is made for them.’

‘ Redesigning the very process of learning (digital literacy), assessment and organisation so as to fit the objectives and learning styles of the students.’
(Inclusive Learning, FEFC 1996)

To define Inclusive Learning and Diversity in the context of digital literacy can be viewed as:
Diversity
The concept of diversity encompasses acceptance and respect. It means understanding that each individual is unique, and recognizing our individual differences. These can be along
the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies. It is the exploration of these differences in a safe, positive, and nurturing environment (digital world). It is about understanding each other and moving beyond simple tolerance to embracing and celebrating the rich dimensions of diversity contained within each individual.

Source: http://gladstone.uoregon.edu/~asuomca/diversityinit/definition.html [Accessed 17/05/15]
The effect that tutor values and attitudes may have in relation to diversity and inclusion:
How to be a digital citizen - what does this mean?
Stereotyping and treating everyone the same can result in a negative learning experience. It is human nature to form an opinion based on a first impresssion when meeting someone for the first time, however, in many cases, these impressions are wrong. 'Never judge a book by its cover'.
It is the role and responsibility of the tutor to:
Create an open and supportive learning environment
Help young adult learners develop their emotional intelligence in an environment that has clear guidelines and boundaries
Develop further the emotional intelligence of young people with regards to acting respectfully and responsibly online
When exploring and using social media as a teaching resource, structure discussions that allow everyone to engage; every learner is entitled to express and opinion in a safe environment.
Teaching & Learning strategies to ensure diversity and inclusion in digital literacy programmes:
Encourage learners to engage via email/video chat exchanges.
Encourage use of collaboration tools and learner autonomy when choosing and exploring new formats to present their work (experiment with new software and tools that are inclusive).
Explore using storytelling media to allow students to create, write and publish stories.
Set up a blog site/Face book page and post weekly discussion & questions for students to respond to. Encourage them to respond to each other as well!
Allow students to maintain blogs, wikis, web pages related to their learning.
Explore use of video cameras for observations (need to have permission from everyone involved), digitally record question and answer sessions and if possible allow students access to video editing software to create video productions for their learning and for production evidence for assessment.
All of these T&L strategies will develop confidence within individuals and would be deemed as good practice in any learning environment.
Awareness of Digital Literacy
How important is digital literacy in our daily life?
Activity:
Activity:
What motivates adults and young people to want to become digitally literate - post your comments:
http://padlet.com/wall/bhkjcw2keejl
Activity:
Who should we include?
Activity:
Using a presentation tool of your choice, in your group prepare a 10 mins presentation explaining why adults and young people may not have developed their digital literacy skills.
Full transcript