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Is Mental Illness A Trend

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Iliyana Serrano

on 11 September 2015

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Transcript of Is Mental Illness A Trend

What is Depression?
Depression is a condition that reportedly affects
1 in 10 americans

at one point or another. Over
of the people that have symptoms of clinical depression are not receiving any treatment for their depression.
Major depression
is characterized by a combination of symptoms that interfere with the ability to work, sleep, eat, and enjoy once-pleasurable activities.
Persistently sad, anxious, angry, irritable, or "empty" mood.
Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism.
Feelings of worthlessness, helplessness, or excessive guilt.
Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed, including sex
-Social isolation, meaning the sufferer avoids interactions with family or friends.
Decreased appetite or overeating.
Crying spells.
Thoughts of death or suicide, suicide attempts.
Restlessness, irritability.
Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions.
Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and/or chronic pain.

What is Depression Cont.
Another type of depression is
bipolar disorder
. Formerly called manic depression.
Bipolar disorder
involves cycles of moods that include at least one episode of mania or hypomania and may include episodes of depression as well.
feelings of heightened energy, creativity, and euphoria are common. People experiencing a manic episode often talk a mile a minute, sleep very little, and are hyperactive. They may also feel like they’re all-powerful, invincible, or destined for greatness.
a less severe form of mania. People in a hypomanic state feel euphoric, energetic, and productive, but they are able to carry on with their day-to-day lives and they never lose touch with reality.
Kurt Cobain
Emily Dickinson
The Diagnosis
To effectively diagnose and treat depression, the doctor must hear about specific symptoms of depression. While a physical examination will reveal a patient's overall state of health, by talking with a patient, a doctor can learn about other things that are relevant to making a depression diagnosis. A patient, for example, can report on such things as daily moods, behaviors, and lifestyle habits.

A depression diagnosis is often difficult to make because clinical depression can manifest in so many different ways. For example, some clinically depressed individuals seem to withdraw into a state of apathy. Others may become irritable or even agitated. Eating and sleeping patterns can be exaggerated. Clinical depression may cause a person either to sleep or eat to excess or almost eliminate those activities.

Observable or behavioral symptoms of clinical depression also may sometimes be minimal despite a person experiencing profound inner turmoil. Depression can be an all-encompassing disorder, and it affects a person's body, feelings, thoughts, and behaviors in varying ways.


Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are common medications. They fight depression symptoms by decreasing serotonin blockers in the brain.

Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) help improve serotonin and norepinephrine levels in the brain.
Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are often prescribed when SSRIs or other antidepressants don’t work.
Side Effects
Nausea, dry mouth, dizziness, excessive sweating, tiredness, difficulty urinating,
agitation or anxiety, constipation, insomnia, sexual problems, headache, and loss of appetite.
Side Effects of SNRI'S:
What Does Depression Feel Like?
“I think of [depression] as being encased in a glass table in the middle of your living room, able to see what is going on, but claustrophobic and suffocating, wanting so desperately to get out, but being locked inside,”
said Therese Borchard, a blog writer and author of Beyond Blue: Surviving Depression & Anxiety and Making the Most of Bad Genes.
Kate Buchheister, who’s had depression for 20 years, also mentioned having a hard time breathing.
“I have a daily feeling of sadness…I want to escape. The feeling that you get before you are about to cry is how I feel all day. With my depression I have no desire to do anything.”
“Often [depression] is simply an undertone of sadness that plays throughout my day, like a radio station signal that comes and goes,”
First diagnosed with depression at age 15, Douglas Cootey, who pens the award-winning blog “A Splintered Mind,” has had depression for 32 years.
Stigma Surrounding Mental Illness
Social stigma
is the extreme disapproval of (or discontent with) a person or group on socially characteristic grounds that are perceived, and serve to distinguish them, from other members of a society. Stigma may then be affixed to such a person, by the greater society, who differs from their cultural norms.
A survey taken by the National Mental Health Association which revealed that 43 percent of Americans still believe that depression is the result of a weak will or a deficit in one’s character.
What Depressions Feels Like Cont
Common Stereotypes
Depressed people are weak.
Happy people can't possibly be depressed.
People with depression aren't mentally strong.
Depression is only dictated by life circumstances.
Everyone diagnosed with depression takes medication.
Depression isn't a real illness
Depressed people are crazy/ psychotic.
What I see on Social Media about Depression
Teenage Depression
A More Depressed America
Americans are more depressed now than they have been in decades, a recent study has found. San Diego State University (SDSU) psychology professor Jean M. Twenge analyzed data from nearly 7 million adolescents and adults from across the country and found that more people reported symptoms of depression — including sleeplessness and trouble concentrating — compared to the 1980s.
From what I've found, on a whole, America is more depressed than it's ever been. Why?
Why is Depression So Common Today?
We see mental illness romanticized on
social media.
We see it in
books, television series, movies, music, etc.
Social Media
Film, Tv Shows, and Books
#soft grunge
"our generation has eagerly embraced what I like to call the “sad chic” mentality"
We See it Everyday and We Hear it
Why is this a problem?
We are breeding a society that depression and mental illness is as normal as the common cold
We need to stop sending the message that you have to be special to be unhappy or unhappy to be special. The belief that chronic emotional instability makes you sexier or more charismatic is ridiculous.
What Can I Do?
Full transcript