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Major Battles of the American Civil War

major battles, significance, outcome, leaders, and turning points
by

John Raymond

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Major Battles of the American Civil War

Major Battles of the American Civil War
Sherman's March and the Battle of Atlanta (November - December, 1864) Fort Sumter (April 12, 1861) First Battle of Bull Run (July 12, 1861) Monitor and Merrimac (March 8, 1862) Richmond (August 29, 1862) Antietam (September 17, 1862)
Vicksburg (May 18, 1863) Gettysburg (July 1, 1863) Petersburg (June 9, 1864 – March 25, 1865) Significance Battle that started the Civil War Outcome
Confederate Victory Commanders Maj. Robert Anderson (Union) Brig. Gen. Beauregard (CSA) Outome Both sides claimed victory Significance Cleared a path north of Confederate forces Outcome Confederate victory Commanders Maj. Gen. William Nelson (Union) Maj. Gen. E. Kirby Smith (CSA) Commanders Franklin Buchanan (CSA,Merrimac) John L. Worden (Union, Monitor) Significance First battle of the ironclads
(iron warship), made all other wooden
vessels obsolete Outcome Confederate victory Commanders Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell (Union) Brig. Gen. Beauregard, Joseph E. Johnson (CSA) Significance First major battle of the Civil War
that set the stage for a long, drawn out
war that neither side could easily win Commanders Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan (Union) Commanders Ulysses S. Grant (Union) John C. Pemberton (CSA) Gen. Robert E. Lee (CSA) Signifcance With the capture of Vicksburg the Union
gained almost complete control over the Missippi
River, effectively splitting the Confederacy
in half Outcome Union Victory Outcome Strategic Union Victory
Lee's army was battered
but not wiped out Significance Bloodiest day in American military
history, Union forced Lee's troops
to withdraw across the Potomac into
the Shenandoah Valley.
Turning Point Vicksburg gave the occupier complete control over the Mississippi River.
This guaranteed that the Union would win the war
Commanders Robert E. Lee (CSA) George G. Meade (Union) Significance/Turning Point The battle at Gettysburg destroyed Confederate hopes of recognition by European countries. And was also the Confederacy's last major offensive of the war and with the fall of Vicksburg the following day devastated the Confederate war-fighting ability. Outcome Union victory Outcome Union Victory Commanders Robert E. Lee (CSA) Ulysses S. Grant (Union) Significance General Sherman and his army blazed a trail
from Atlanta, GA to Savannah, destroying everything
in their path. Many Confederates ran to Tennesse, leaving little resistance for General Sherman. This was the "nail in the coffin" for the Confederacy. Significance Outcome Sherman cut a path through the heart of the Confederacy. After this the Confederates surrendered at Appomattox, VA. This left one southern army still fighting, General John Crawford Vaughn had an army in Tennesse. This was main Petersburg was a railroad center,
vital for delivering supplies to Richmond, the Confederate capital. After the Union captured the city, all supplies were cut off from Richmond Turning Point Major factor leading to Confederate defeat Commanders General Sherman (Union) THE END! Ft. Sumter First Bull Run Monitor and Merrimac Richmond Antietam Vicksburg Gettysburg Petersburg Sherman's march to the sea
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