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RECONSTRUCTION at a Glance...
Transcript of RECONSTRUCTION at a Glance...
Johnson's Plan for Reconstruction
What political changes occurred that were designed to improve blacks' access to rights and freedoms?
-Declared that all citizens have the same rights whether they are native-born or naturalized citizens
-Declared the right to vote may not be denied on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude
-a law that Radical Republicans wanted passed that stated that the majority in every Confederate state never supported the Confederacy...it never passed.
-a federal agency set up after the Civil War to help former slaves in adjusting to their new lives. It supplied food, medicine, and other emergency aid to both white and black Sout
herners. It also provided
an education to former slaves.
How did legislation and racism limit freedoms for AA's following the Civil War?
Similar but more strict than Lincoln's
He promised to return property but the Confederates had to pledge an oath to the Union
Before the southern states could form a new government, 10% had to be sworn to loyalty to Union
States could choose their lawmakers but couldn't elect any former Confederate leaders
How did Lincoln's assassination change the course of Reconstruction?
President Abraham Lincoln was shot on April 14, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth. He was the first president of the United States to be assassinated.
President Lincoln was attending a play called Our American Cousin at the Ford Theatre in Washington, D.C. He was sitting in the Presidential Box with his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, and their guests Major Henry Rathbone and Clara Harris.
Andrew Johnson, Lincoln's Vice President, steps up to become the president.
-offered a full
(full forgiveness) to most Southerners if they took an oath of loyalty to the Constitution & agreed to abolish slavery
-wanted to protect the rights of former slaves, wanted to punish the former Confederate states, thought freedmen should get to vote, and believed only Congress should have the authority to make rules for Reconstruction
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RECONSTRUCTION at a Glance...
After General Sherman's troops marched through...
After the Civil War, the South was in ruins. Many people were homeless.
High-ranking Confederates had to get a special pardon from the President
Each state had to repeal all its secession laws
New state governments had to approve the 13th Amendment
They had to write new state constitutions and agree not to repay old Confederate war debts
The Civil Rights Act of 1866 granted citizenship and the same rights enjoyed by white citizens to all male persons in the United States "without distinction of race or color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude."
President Andrew Johnson's veto of the bill was overturned by a two-thirds majority in both houses of Congress, and the bill became law. Johnson's attitude contributed the growth of the Radical Republican movement, which favored increased intervention in the South and more aid to former slaves, and ultimately to Johnson's
--To charge a public official with wrong doing
Radical Reconstruction--Republicans take over!
The Reconstruction Act did the following
(1) Returned former Confederate states to military rule
(2) Divided the 10 “unreconstructed” states into military districts
(3) People of ex-Confederate states had to elect delegates to conventions
(4) Write new state constitutions
(5) Male AA’s over the age of 21 were given the right to vote
(6) Former office holders in the Confederacy couldn’t vote or run for office
(7) Each new state government had to approve the 14th Amendment
Johnson doesn't like this, he vetoes and ignores Congress' bills.
Johnson is able to remain president by just one vote.
This group took the law into their own hands and provided "justice" against blacks
Had to pay to vote
Had to pass a reading test to vote
Jim Crow Laws:
Segregation laws that took place from the Reconstruction period into the 1960's. Blacks and whites were to have separate facilities. Some examples are public schools and public places.
What did the Black Codes Say?
(1) Freed AA’s could not own guns
(2) Freed AA’s could not meet after sunset
(3) Freed AA’s could be put in prison if they had no jobs
(4) Freed AA’s could practice no other trade than a farmer or servant
How was the Economic Class Structure changed by the CW in the South?
Sharecropping--a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crops produced on the land.
Tenant Farming--a person who farms the land of another and pays rent with cash or with a portion of the produce
Debt--the South was in debt for taxes and property
Some More Vocab
A term of insult applied to a Northerner who went South after the Civil War. They carried suitcases made of carpet, often were tax collectors, and stole from people.
A dishonest person/Any Southerner who aided Reconstruction
Ku Klux Klan
A secret society formed after the Civil War that used intimidation and violence to return political power to the white man in the South. The KKK was used to break up the Republican Party.
Even after the army was withdrawn from the Southern states, what scars did they still have?
(1) __Most Southerners were poor___
a. The region made little ___progress_______ in farming
b. Businesses and __factories__ did not thrive
c. __Gifted__ southerners gave up and headed North for better opportunities
(2) __Republicans lost interest in helping AA’s__
a. Formally __enslaved____ people were on their own
b. Southern AA stripped of their rights faced new ___struggles____
c. Many moved __North___
i. Still not treated _____equal___ to whites