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Artemis: Greek Mythology By: Edith Hamilton
Transcript of Artemis: Greek Mythology By: Edith Hamilton
What does Artemis look like?
Artemis was often described as a huntress that carried a bow and arrow.
She wore a knee-length tunic, so that it would be easier to hunt in tall grass.
A tunic is a loose garment, that was typically sleeveless and knee-length on the person wearing it.
What is some of her family history?
Artemis was the daughter of Zeus, who was the Greek god of the sky and the King of Gods, and Leto.
Artemis also had a twin brother, Apollo, the god of the sun, prophecy, music, intelligence, and archery.
More about her family...
It is believed that Artemis was born before her twin brother, Apollo, so that she could help Leto deliver him.
Artemis was born on the island of Delos, and she like her twin brother, Apollo, was unmarried.
Artemis wanted eighty pure and unmarried nymphs.
She was very stern about the purity of her nymphs.
Artemis was angered when her nymphs did not keep their purity.
The nymphs suffered consequences when they disobeyed Artemis.
At on point Niobe, the queen of Thebes, bragged that she was better than Leto, because she had many children. Leto had two, Artemis and Apollo.
Artemis and her twin brother, Apollo, avenged Niobe's insult to their mother by killing most all of her children, with their arrows.
Who is Artemis and what does she do?
Artemis is the goddess of the hunt, wild animals, and the wilderness.
She also helps women in childbirth, but she could bring sudden death with her arrows.
Artemis was also known as the protector of the young.
Artemis and Orion
Artemis never had any love affairs, except for one.
This affair was with Orion, a mortal.
Apollo realized that Artemis was spending a lot of time with Orion; he got jealous.
He decided that it was time to end this relationship.
Artemis and Orion
Apollo challenged Artemis to prove her archery skills by shooting at an object that was floating in the water.
Artemis always had a perfect shot, and she did this time also.
The target that Apollo had Artemis aiming at turned out to be none other than, Orion.
The Temple of Artemis
One of the seven Wonders of the World, the Temple of Artemis, was built in 550 B.C.
In 356 B.C. the Temple of Artemis was deliberately burnt down by Herostratus so that he could try and gain fame.
What are some other interesting things about Artemis?
The Cyprus tree and the deer were very sacred to her.
Since she assisted her mother in delivering her twin brother, Apollo, she has been worshiped as a childbirth god in many places.
Her Roman name was, Diana.
She was also called Cynthia, from her birthplace, Mount Cynthus in Delos.
The tree that symbolized Artemis was the Cyprus.
Her twin brother was unhappy and jealous that she took most of her attention off of him, causing her to take up a challenge and killing the love of her life.
She cared a lot for her nymphs, but didn't like when she was disobeyed, causing them to suffer consequences.
On her birthday, Artemis asked 6 wishes from her father, Zeus.
1.To be able to live life pure.
2.To be a lifelong bachelorette and to never marry.
3. A bow and arrow like Apollo's.
4.Hunting dogs to assist her hunting.
5. Stags to lead her chariot.
6.80 pure nymphs to be her hunting companions.