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The Battle of the Atlantic
Transcript of The Battle of the Atlantic
On the allied side, this mainly included Canada, The United States and Britain. On the German side, It was solely German and Italy.fccxzcz The Battle of the Atlantic Stephanie Claros & Lucas Hein http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/ww2/battle-of-the-atlantic/video.html The 'Wolf pack" was a submarine game play to attack allied merchant ships. When one U-boat spotted a target, that U-boat sent a radio message on its location to all other U-boats, who would close in for the kill. Canada played a vital role in this battle by using a plan that consisted of surrounding the merchant ships with battle ships to escort the supplies to Britain.
Also, starting on May 1941, Canada started building new naval bases at St John’s, Newfoundland, supplied most of the warships that escorted merchant ships across the 3000 kilometres of ocean between Newfoundland and the British Isles. *U-boats stand for "Unterseebooten" which is German for “under boat” or “submarine”. http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/ww2/battle-of-the-atlantic.html http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/history/secondwar/fact_sheets/atlantic The U-boat operations were successful. This was the peak of the great U-boat aces like Günther Prien of, Otto Kretschmer, Joachim Schepke, Engelbert Endrass, Victor Oehrn and Heinrich Bleichrodt. U-boat men became popular in Germany. From June until October 1940, over 270 Allied ships were sunk: this timeline was known as by U-boat crews "The Happy Time" ("Die Glückliche Zeit"). The Happy Time' Who was involved? 1939 : 222 ships sunk (114 by submarine)
1940 : 1059 ships sunk (471 by submarine)1941 : 1328 ships sunk (432 by submarine)
1942 : 1661 ships sunk (1159 by submarine)1943 : 597 ships sunk (463 by submarine)1944 : 247 ships sunk (132 by submarine)1945 : 105 ships sunk (56 by submarine) Where did it happen? The mid-Atlantic, North Sea, Irish Sea, Labrador Sea, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, Outer Banks, Arctic Ocean is were it was occurred.
The thick grey lines were the main routes while the secondary were the alternate lines. The red blotches were most merchant ships went down while big merchant ship went down on pink spots. So what does Canada have to do with this? http://www.mikekemble.com/ww2/merchantnavy.html "...the only thing that ever frightened me during the war was the U-boat peril" - Sir Winston Churchill http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Atlantic Wolf Packs The Battle of the Atlantic was also the longest military campaign in WWII, lasting from September 1939 to 1945. Germans decided not to attack straight onto the strong naval front, instead *U-boats were being sent out to sink any ships that could be taking supplies to Britain. The u-boat peril most frightened Winston Churchill. These were the main target for the U-Boats. Bringing these supplies was the life line on whether or not Britain could survive these attacks/battle. When did this battle take place? Casualties On the Allied side, 36,200 sailors and 36,000 merchant seamen all lost their lives, along with 3,500 merchant vessels and 175 warships were lost. Along with the losses, the Royal Canadian Air Force lost 2,000 crew members. On the axis side, over 30,000 Germans lost their lives and 783 submarines were lost.
The red on the chart is allied sides losses from U-boats.
The pink on the chart is allied side losses from everything else. Detail from John Hamilton's painting of a wolf pack attack on merchant vessels. The main weapons the allied side used in this battle were warships, land artillery and armed merchant air planes. Interesting facts New Germans submarines arrived in 1945 but were too late to affect the course of the war
It was the longest running battle of WW2 Posters like these were put up on the coast line of Britain to warn civilians about U-boats and to contact authority if ever spotting one. The allies of this war were Canadian soldiers, USA and Britain, and the axis side included solely the German and the Italian soldiers. The End