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Research

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by

Shawn Nyman

on 3 October 2017

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Transcript of Research

Research types and a brief history of social science research (from the sociological perspective)
Quantitative Research
The departure from armchair speculation
University of Chicago
- often on the cutting edge of sociological study
Robert Park
- Thought students should actually get out and do research. Hit the streets and do
qualitative
work.
William Ogburn
- Wanted sociology to be more like the natural sciences. He thought all sociological study should be
quantitative.
A theme in sociological research is quantitative versus qualitative
Qualitative Research
Ethnography
- Firsthand study of people using participant observation
could be participant observation or interviewing
Survey - standardized and open ended
Experiments - simulating the real world in an artificial environment
The dreaded IRB....
The Stanford Prison Experiment
"....Prisoner 819 did a bad thing..."
Hard to do experiments in sociology, too much potential for abuse.
Comparative research
Also meta-analysis
Ethics
Is the study benefiting at the expense of the subject's physical or emotional well being?
If, in any way it is or could be, it is unethical.
Science....
Yes... Sociology is a science... unlike the natural sciences... it is a social science
**empirical investigation**
Tables, charts, graphs .... factual data
In order to find causes for social issues, successes or struggles... we need to gather factual data. This all starts by using the sociological perspective and then the sociological imagination....
Applications...?
http://www.npr.org/2017/01/24/511355780/research-examines-the-effects-of-gender-on-stated-ambition
http://www.sociologylens.net/topics/crime-and-deviance/laud-humphreys-tearoom-trade-the-best-and-worst-of-sociology/11418

We are not taking the view of interpretivism in this course
Full transcript