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Elements of Poetry

An overview of the basic elements that make up poetry.

Karen Earl

on 4 January 2012

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Transcript of Elements of Poetry

What is poetry?
What is the difference
between poetry and
Poetry is a type of literature where thoughts and feelings are expressed in compact and imaginative ways.
Unlike most other writers, poets specifically arrange words in ways that touch the reader’s emotions and senses.
Poets more than any other writer use figurative language to create these memorable and touching descriptions.
What are the three R's of poetry?
The three R's of poetry are almost always found in poetry and not in other types of writing.
To review:
Rhyme is repetition of similar sounds
either within a line of poetry or at the
end of lines of poetry.
Famous poet, William Shakespeare, developed several rhyme schemes that are still used to create poetry today.
Rhythm is the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. It is the beat of the poem.
Poet, Maya Angelou, often uses precise rhythms in her poetry to bring the words to life.
Repetition is the use of a word or phrase over and over again in a poem.
Repetition is used to emphasize an important point.
Poet, Langston Hughes, often used repetition or a refrain to point out important ideas in his poetry.
How are poems organized?
Poems are organized into lines and stanzas.
A line is like a sentence and a stanza is like a paragraph.
Pablo Neruda is a poet famous for breaking up lines and stanzas in unique ways.
What is symbolism?
Symbolism is when a poet uses a person, place, or object to stand for something beyond itself.
A symbol means more than what it actually is.
For example, a flag is
more than just a piece of
cloth. A flag symbolizes a
country, its history, and its
Chinese poet, Li Po, used symbolism
throughout his poetry to bring his
ideas to life.
Imagery consists of words or phrases that appeal to the reader’s five senses.
What is imagery?
Writers use sensory details to help readers imagine how something might look, sound, smell, feel, or taste.
Poets like Emily Dickinson
and Nikki Giovanni
used/use imagery to create vivid pictures in their reader's mind.
Using imagery helped/helps to improve Giovanni's and Dickinson's poetry.
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