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Transcript of Racial incidents
By: Lauren, Sophie, Mia,
Matt D, and Brooke
Medgar Evers, the field secretary for the NAACP (1925-1963)
One of the first major events in the sixties was the attack on the Freedom Riders, a group of black and white citizens who rode buses across the south in order to test laws enforcing segregation in public facilities. As they rode across the south, they were met by angry mobs and police, who would beat them severely, sometimes to death. Another event, which happened in 1963, was the killing of Medgar Evers, the field secretary for the NAACP, who was murdered in his driveway. Because of all the beatings of the Freedom Riders and the frustration of blacks wanting their rights, many riots broke out in various cities and states, such as Los Angeles, New Jersey, Chicago and Philadelphia. When these riots broke out in the 1960's, the police would use any methods necessary to exert their power, such as the use of clubs and physical force. Sometimes, when black protesters would try to enter restaurants, stores or any other "White" facilities, they would be sprayed with large fire hoses.
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The sixties were forever changed by these racial events. The freedom riders and others of 1963 wanting rights caused major riots and the term "police brutality". Martin Luther King Jr. also had a large part in the 60's. We now have his speech day as a national holiday, January 19. The University of Mississippi, or Ole Miss, was told to enroll an African American student,veteran James Meredith. There were riots of Ole Miss not accepting him, but on October 1, 1962, he became the first black student at Ole Miss. Towns also burst out in riots, resulting in warfare. In 1963, three girls were killed in a bombing, showing the warfare. In 1964, president Lyndon signed the Civil Rights Act, which prohibited discrimination based on race. This stopped riots.
University of Mississippi
From 1964 to 1968, more than a hundred American cities were swept by race riots, which included dynamite blasts, guerrilla warfare, and huge conflagrations, as the anger of the northern black community at its relatively low income, high unemployment, and social exclusion explode.
1960s Marin Luther King Junior
The 1950s and 1960s saw the peaking of the American Civil Rights Movement with the desegregation of schools in 1954 and the organizing of widespread protests across the nation under a younger generation of leaders. Martin Luther King was a catalyst for many nonviolent protests in the 1960s, which led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
On Aug. 28, 1963, about 200,000 people joined the March on Washington, where they heard the Rev. Martin Luther King’s famous “I Have a Dream” speech. the Catholic Bulletin reported the following week that 58 Minnesotans were among those who “marched for jobs and freedom equality among the races” and met with the state’s congressional delegation.
On September 10, 1962, the Supreme Court rules that the University of Mississippi must admit African-American students and veteran James Meredith.
On September 26, the governor of Mississippi, Ross Barnett, orders state troopers to prevent Meredith from entering Ole Miss's campus.
Between September 30 and October 1, riots erupt at over Meredith's enrollment at the University of Mississippi or "Ole Miss."
On October 1, Meredith becomes the first African-American student at Ole Miss after President Kennedy orders U.S. marshals to Mississippi to ensure his safety.
On Sept. 15, 1963, four girls attending Sunday school in Birmingham, Ala., were killed when a bomb exploded at the 16th Street Baptist Church, a frequent location for civil rights meetings.
President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 on July 2 that year. It prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion and national origin, and it gave the federal government powers to enforce desegregation.
The death of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968 was covered in a number of stories and commentaries. Pope Paul VI called Rev. King’s assassination a “cowardly and atrocious killing.” Another story noted that hundreds of college students walked the length of Summit Avenue in St. Paul with a banner mourning King’s death. The same story noted that Coadjutor Archbishop Leo Byrne was among those attending Rev. King’s funeral in Atlanta.
Martin Luther King Jr.
remembered in 2013
"A dream never dies"
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What Were the Affects?
"Race Relations in the 1960s and 1970s."scholastic.com. np. 7 May. <www.scholastic.com/browse/subarticle.jsp?id=1437>.