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Copy of Recidivism and Prisoner Reentry
Transcript of Copy of Recidivism and Prisoner Reentry
Defined as a "criminal act that results in the rearrest, reconviction, or return to prison with or without a new sentence during a three-year period following the prisoner's release." (BJS, 2009)
Of the 272,111 persons released from prisons in 15 states in 1994, an estimated 67.5% were rearrested for a felony or serious misdemeanor within 3 years, 46.9% were reconvicted, and 25.4% resentenced to prison for a new crime.
Property crimes account for nearly 75% of rearrests.
Michigan Prisoner Reentry Initiative (MPRI)
Michigan Prison Population Graph, 1980-2011
Currently, the U.S. leads the world in incarceration
Over the last 30 years, we have seen a 500% increase in prison population.
2012 Prison pop: 1,570,400
Incarceration rate for 2012/2013: 716 per 100,000
The average cost of keeping a prisoner is about $30,000/yr.
The Sentencing Project
The State of Michigan reduced the budget for MPRI from a peak of $52.7 mill. in 2010 (McTavish, 2012) to 23.5 mill. in 2013, with a new low of 12.9 mill. projected for 2014 (MLPP, 2014)
Auditor General’s report: the Department of Corrections did not have appropriate rules on how the MPRI money was spent by the community organizations to help the parolees.
High risk of recidivism rate increase and increased costs associated with imprisonment.
Prison population: 43,594
Jail population: 18,118
Probation Population: 185,167
Parole Population: 22,598
More than 269,000 people under correctional supervision
State Corrections Expenditures: $2.193 billion
Governor Snyder Quote
"We know that the majority of those incarcerated will be rejoining society and their successful reentry is as critical to public safety as a sentence served.… Effective prisoner reentry is an important component of smart justice. Michigan’s prisoner reentry program has been a major contributor to lower recidivism rates for the state.”
-Governor Rick Snyder (R, MI)
From MPRI's inception in 2005, through December 2011, nearly 33,000 prisoners were paroled from standard Reentry in-reach facilities.
Outcome tracking for these MPRI cases has shown a relative rate reduction of 38% fewer returns to prison for parole violations or new crime compared to baseline expectations.
The 38% improvement translates into an absolute reduction of 5,193 fewer returns to prison.
Successive Reentry release cohorts have yielded better and better outcomes.
Michigan Prisoner Reentry has been a major contributor to lower recidivism rates overall for the State.
Recidivism rates for Michigan’s annual parole releases have improved, from 45.7% of 1998 paroles being returned to prison, to a new low of 31.5% of 2008 paroles.
Mission: to reduce crime by implementing a seamless plan of services and supervision developed with each offender—delivered through state and local collaboration—from the time of their entry to prison through their transition, reintegration, and aftercare in the community.
Promote public safety
Increase success rates of offenders
Began in 2005 as a pilot program and went full scale.
Vision: ...that every prisoner released from prison will have the tools needed to succeed in the community.
MPRI improves public safety and ex-offender reentry by providing community services to parolees.
MPRI has demonstrated it's success.
Restoring and expanding MPRI would benefit the state by reducing costs, improving public safety, and reintegrating individuals.
Ashley White - Community Coordinator, Prisoner Reentry Programs of Washtenaw and Livingston Counties
1. Community members and legislators need to be better educated
2. Community collaboration is key
Quality of life and current employment should be considered when evaluating effectiveness of program
High recidivism rates should be addressed by evaluating structural factors and including key stakeholders in policy decisions and implementation
MPRI does not include any reference to ethnicity, culture, race, gender, ability, sexual identity, or age
Policy makers (bourgeois);
predominantly upper-class white males; have institutionalized violence
Policy recipients (proletariat);
predominantly underrepresented minority men; targeted by institutionalization of violence
Perpetuation of the policy maker’s power
Force Field Analysis
Questions for Evaluation
1. Steps for policy implementation
Proper funding - reroute from incarceration to re-entry
Public education & grassroots support
2. Additional programming suggestions
Physical & mental health care
3. Changes in social service delivery
Mental & physical health systems