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Impact of Hurricanes on Tourism

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Shaendra Gunawardena

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of Impact of Hurricanes on Tourism

Hurricanes are large tropical storms with heavy winds. They contain winds in excess of 74 miles per hour (119 km per hour) and large areas of rainfall. Also, they have the potential to spawn dangerous tornadoes.
What are Hurricanes?
Hurricanes cause threats to the tourism in the Caribbean because many of the resorts offer outdoor activities for the tourist such as canoeing, bird watching, nature walks etc. With all these hurricanes, fasts winds and heavy rains it puts a stop to all the tourist activities.

Tourism is heavily relied on in the Caribbean. It counts for 13% of the Caribbean's gross domestic product and it is an important economic driver for them
How hurricanes cause threats to the tourism industry
- The heavy waves in a hurricane are called a storm surge.

- In the Pacific the hurricane season begins May 15 and in the Atlantic it begins June 1. Both of them end on the 30th of November.

- The difference between a hurricane and a tropical storm is the wind speed. Tropical storms usually bring winds of 36 to 47 mph, whereas hurricane wind speeds are at least 74 mph.

- Hurricanes are classified into five categories based on their winds and how much damage they can cause.

- The National Hurricane Center gave feminine names to storms in 1953 and then they started using both male and female names in 1978.

A hurricane that affected Mexico
By: Brianna, Shaendra, Sydell, Vanessa, and Sandra
Impact of Hurricanes on Tourism
Effects of Tourism due to hurricanes in Jamaica
- Hurricane Ivan passed through Jamaica on September 11 and 12 2004

- Hurricane Ivan affected Jamaica's tourism because an airport near Kingston was flooded causing it to be closed and evacuated. Also many resorts were severely destroyed

- In Jamaica, the storm caused severe damage which left 18,000 people homeless and an estimated 17 people on the island were killed.

Discussion Questions
1. Do you think hurricanes affect Toronto or the Caribbean more?

2. Would you travel during hurricane season?

3. What do you think the Caribbean should do to protect their resorts better?

4. What did you learn from this presentation?
Hurricane Sandy hits Jamaica on a path toward Cuba and Florida
Facts about hurricanes
Based on the graph the best time not to travel during the Caribbean is August 15 to October 20
How do Hurricanes develop?
- Northern and Southern hemisphere winds meet and cause disturbances over water

- Disturbances take energy from warm waters and grow into tropical storms

- They go as an organized system of thunderstorms and at winds speeds of 61 km an hour

- As the disturbances moves across the water and its
low-pressure centre
intensifies and its winds move at speeds of at least 119 kilometers an hour it is considered a hurricane.

- Hurricane Dean occurred in the month of August in 2007 on the 13th through to the 28th. On May 13 2008 the name of the first category 5 land falling hurricane was officially changed due to the retirement of the name Dean. It is currently known as Hurricane Dorian

- Hurricane Dean/Dorian affected the tourists in a somewhat big way. This is due to the fact that it almost took over a year for Mexico's tourist industry to rebuild because of the damaged cruise ship infrastructure

- The hurricane's intense winds, waves, rains, and storm surge were responsible for at least 45 death across ten countries and caused estimated damage US $1.66 billion
Full transcript