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Transcript of Timeline
American Revolution Timeline
French Indian War and its Effects
Britain and France struggled over control of North America; both countries had power
over quite a bit of land. Ultimately the two great nations clashed, not just inside of North American, but also throughout the world; battling for control of an empire. Britain overpowered France, however, Britain was now in debt. They decided to remove Salutary Neglect which was a very lucrative decisions;the colonies however were unaccustomed to Britain being so hands on and involved, and were much more used to their system of self-governing. Also, after the French and Indian War there was still the threat of rebelling Native Tribes; the British stationed soldiers within America, but this meant that American colonist had to maintain the soldiers. Both of these things combined led to the colonists being angry and uncomfortable with Britain's imposing power.
The Townshend Acts were implemented by Charles
Townshend, chancellor who was unsympathetic towards the American Colonies. Townshend imposed duties (or taxations) on paper, paint, glass and tea; important Colonial imports. Most of the money from these taxes were used to fund Britain. The colonists protested against the duties; and in retaliation Charles Townshend imposed the
which essentially could take away the Colonies ability to self govern. Colonists were unhappy with the idea that they could lose control over themselves; the act was a reminder to them that Britain could control them if they so desired. This display of power would ultimately lead to the colonists revolt against England; the act simply served as a catalyst to light the fires of anger.
On March 22, 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act. Which imposed taxes on all printed items in the North American colonies.. The whole point of the Stamp Act was to raise money to protect and defend the North American colonies. Benjamin Franklin, who was representing the North American colonies, suggested that colonist would follow the act if they were allowed to be members in the legislature. The British parliament rejected Franklin's suggestion. This event led the colonist to want their independence from Britain because they were not being represented and were being taken advantage of.
The Sugar Act of 1764 was created to replace the completely ignored Molasses Act. The Sugar Act placed a tax of 3 pence per pound on French Molasses. The previous Molasses Act was 6 pence per pound.
Boston Tea Party
The Sons of Liberty, a patriot group led by Samuel Adams, organized a riot in protest of
the outrageous taxes from the British on items such as tea, chocolate, coffee and other items, stating that there should be, ''No taxation without representation''. The Sons of Liberty took crates of tea off of an export boat to Britain that they knew they would be taxed for, and dumped the tea into the Boston Harbor. In attempt to disguise themselves so not to be recognized, the Sons of Liberty wore Native American headdresses and sneaked to the Harbor at night.
December 16, 1773
The first in this series, The Boston Port Act, closed the Boston Harbor for use until the already heavily taxed colonists paid for the damages done to the harbor during the tea party.
In the Proclamation of 1763, the colonist were not allowed to settle west of the Appalachian mountains. If the colonist were settled in the west of the Appalachian mountains they were forced to leave and settle in a place were they were allowed.
Four legal acts initiated by the British Government, called, ''The Coercive Acts'', were a punishment and response to the Bostonian for the Boston Tea Party.
The Administration of Justice Act made British officials in Massachusetts immune to prosecution.
Other acts in this series included the Quebec Act, the Quartering Act and the Massachusetts Act.
The Sugar Act resurrected the colonists old fear of British control because the colonies were already subject to the Navigation Acts, which restricted their manufactures and commerce.
The Quartering Act was implemented in 1765. It stated
that colonists had to board and harbor British soldiers and mercenaries. Boarding these men was not only expensive for the colonial families but they were often forced to house the men against there will. The soldiers were invading the homes of the colonists, leading to resentment towards Britain and the Red Coats.
This angered the colonist because they were prohibited from moving to the west. It also angered some of the colonist because they were already living west of the Appalachian and were forced to leave and settle east of the mountains.
Boston was having friction over constitutional principles and the struggle for residents to get jobs because of off-duty soldiers when in March 1770, British soldiers fired into a rowdy crowd of demonstrators, killing five men. Radical Whigs labeled the incident as a "massacre" and told the press the British had planned the killings.
Battle of Lexington
The Battles of Lexington and Concord, fought on April 19, 1775, kicked off the American Revolutionary War. The British marched towards Lexington to destroy a arms cache, when they approached they were confronted by local Milita. "The Shot Heard Round The World" was fired as a small skirmish ensued. This was the breaking point for the Colonists, and launched the country into the War.
By Ariel M., Dustin L, Xen F., Karen B., Chris R.