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The Giver Compare And Contrast

By Chase And Shayna
by

Shayna Druckman

on 8 March 2015

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Transcript of The Giver Compare And Contrast

T
h
e Giver
Co
m
pare and Contrast P
r
oject
By: Chase C
r
um and Shayna Dr
u
ckman
Allusion
The term
allusion
describes a method in which writers make implicit connections of aspects within a story-such as characters- to specific individuals, places, or events throughout history or the Bible.
Jonas, in The Giver is an allusion to the biblical prophet Jonah from the story Jonah and the Whale
It is not just a coincidence that the name Jonas happens to sound very similar to the name Jonah
Connection Between Jonas and Jonah
In the biblical story Jonah and the Whale, Jonah is a messenger of God, his job being to warn the city of Nineveh that they must cease there cynical actions at once or inevitably destroy their own society.
In
The Giver
, Jonas is chosen to be the "Receiver Of Memory." Throughout the story we discover that Jonas, like Jonah, must warn his community of the inhumane actions they have been preforming in order to sustain "sameness." Jonas must make his unknowing community aware that their actions are truly just another major flaw in their desired Utopia.
Movie
Similarities
Major Similarities And Differences
Which Showed It Better?
Both the movie and the book show allusion very clearly. However, there are more connections within the movie that relate to the biblical story. At the end of Jonah and the whale the city of Nineveh stop there cruel actions and begin a new lifestyle once informed by Jonah that they were doing wrong. In the movie once the memories are transferred back to the community, it is shown that Elders realize that they should not release
Fiona
because they now understand what they are doing is wrong. The community obtains color once again and it seems as though the citizens start a new way of life.
Symbolism
Symbolism- A literary device that uses images to express ideas, emotions, and state of mind.
Symbolism throughout
The Giver
book and movie
Red Apple:
Book- Represents the first major difference between Jonas and his community

Movie- Jonas' defiance against emotion killing daily injection
Community Boundary:
Book- River traveling to and from Elsewhere

Movie- outer edge cliff
"Sameness" creating factor:
Book- Daily "stirrings" pills

Movie- daily injection
Receiver Connection:
Book- light "pale" eyes
Movie-Birthmark on wrist
Although, both the book and the movie showed equal amounts of symbolism the movie showed it in a clearer way. There was more of an emphasis on symbols in the movie as they seemed to be exaggerated through clear events.

Jonas uses the red apple to defy the community's tactics for "sameness," right before the eyes of the Chief Elder and even encourages Fiona to do it as well
.


There is a clear scene showing all the members of Jonas' family placing their wrists on a sensor to be injected and when Jonas inquires to the Giver about it, The Giver even explains that the injection takes away emotions allowing everyone to be at the same baseline mood.

The birthmark on all of the receiver's wrists is shown prevalently at any time one was receiving memories. When Jonas met The Giver both noticed each others identical marks and when Jonas passed the first memory to Gabriel, he noticed Gabriel had the same mark as well.

When Jonas approaches the community boundary it looks as though there is a faint blurring dome, When Jonas passes through the boundary, all of his memories are shown to be transmitted back to the community
Which Showed it Better?
Book
Jonas is twelve
Asher's job is a recreational director
Fiona's job is to take care of the elderly
Jonas feels stirrings inside for Fiona.
After Jonas becomes The Receiver the Chief Elder leaves Jonas mostly alone
Graduates are twelve
Community boundary is the river
Jonas's assigned number is 19
The first memory is just the sled
Jonas see's the
apple
red
Jonas made plans to leave with The Giver, but was then forced to escape with Gabriel
It is unclear whether Jonas and Gabriel live or die at the conclusion of the book
Rules for Receiver are the same
The
Elephant
memory
War memory transmission
Sees a babies release which his father performs
The Giver says "he loves" Jonas
Sled to "Elsewhere"
Precision of Language
Jonas asking his parents if they love him
Public reminders to the community
Stops taking his sameness medication
Jonas is sixteen and is played by a older character
Asher's job is a drone pilot
Fiona's job is to take care of the newborns
Full love story between Jonas and Fiona
The Chief Elder is always wondering what Jonas is up to
Graduates are 18
Community boundary is the "Edge"
Jonas's assigned number is 52
The first memory Jonas sees Christmas house
and the
sled
Jonas see's Fiona"s hair red
Shows Jonas does not die
Inferring Strategy
Inference:

conclusions one must make about implicit aspects within a medium based on clues within the context .
Not Being Able to See
C
o
l
o
r
Book
Movie
Reader was not aware of colorlessness within
The Giver
society. Jonas began describing the characteristics of aspects within the community, like an apple and Fiona's hair to have "nondescript" and "pale" shade. Through Jonas' descriptions of objects that would normally be the color red, and saying that they were "nondescript," the reader had to assume that there was something special or altered about colors within the community. This guess was not justified until nearly half way through the book when The Giver shows true color to Jonas through the memories saying the community took away color in order to achieve "sameness."
Through the movie the viewer was shown right off the bat that there were no colors within the community because the first half was displayed in black and white. The viewer did not have to guess at all because the lack of color was exposed right away.
S
e
ein
g

B
ey
o
nd

Book
Movie
Reader was unsure of what "seeing beyond" really meant. The reader was not introduced to the lack of color until Jonas meets The Giver, so when the Chief Elder describes Jonas having this special quality to see beyond it is unclear what it allows him to do. The reader had to use context clues and think back to the two occasions where Jonas describes seeing objects have flashing changes and infer that "seeing beyond" had something to do with these indescribable appearance alterations.
The movie was portrayed though the eyes of Jonas, anything he was seeing, the viewer could see as well. In the very beginning, the viewer is exposed to the flashes of color Jonas kept noticing. For example, the black and white colored trees blur with green hues and Fiona's gray shaded hair flashes with red tones. It is clear that despite the genetically modified seeing abilities of society, Jonas has a special capability to see some color as described as "seeing beyond."
Ending
Book
Movie
Reader does not know whether Jonas and Gabriel live or die at the conclusion of the book. Some context clues lead you to believe they did die and are just in some sort of heavenly afterlife. When it is described that, "He didn't make it very far before he stumbled and fell forward," it makes it sound as though Jonas lost consciousness and was left to slip away. However, there are other aspects which lead the reader to believe that they do live, when it is describes the scene as Jonas and Gabriel sled forward to the place which " lead to the final destination...the place that held their future and their past, " it makes it seem as though the two fugitives made it to "Elsewhere" to begin a new stage of their lives. Lois Lowry purposely left the ending up to the reader to decide, you had to infer using the clues within the text to formulate your own ending.

At the end of the movie the viewer is able to tell that Jonas and Gabriel do live. The movie is seen through Jonas' eyes, him as the narrator and at the movie's conclusion it seems as if he is retelling the story. Also, the viewer is shown the quaint Christmas house Jonas and Gabriel arrive to by sled making it clear to the viewer that they are still alive and do actually make it to their awaited "Elsewhere."
Which Had More?
It is clear that inference skills had to be used much more prevalently while reading the book than while watching the movie,
The Giver
. Throughout the book, the reader was lead to making many inferences because there were many aspects not shown or told explicitly. Because in the movie the viewer was able to physically see what was going on and the story was told though Jonas' perspective, many more of the events that were implicit in the book were able to be depicted in a much clearer and evident way.
Euphemism
Euphemism- Is a strategy one uses to say something unacceptable or inappropriate in a nicer and less offensive way by using a different word or phrase
Book
In the book The Giver, Lois Lowry creates a society which requires citizens to never be offensive to one another. Everyone has an emphasized concern on what you say and the words you use to describe what you mean. Citizens must use many Euphemisms in order to sustain a constantly pleasant and never offensive community.
"Comfort Object"
"Release"
"Stirrings"
"Elsewhere"
"House of the Old"
Euphemism:
What it Really Means:
-stuffed animal
-killing by lethal injection
-sexual desires
-afterlife

-retirement home

Why it is Used:
- Society does not have animals
-Society does not understand concept of death
-No citizens in the community reproduce except for Birthmothers
-Citizens do not understand death so Elsewhere is a made up land citizens believe you go to when you are "released"
-The elderly are meant to be honored and all elders must be contained to one place
Movie
Euphemism:
What it Really Means:
Why it is Used:
While many euphemisms were used in the movie, most were not emphasized as thoroughly as they were in the book and Jonas was not as concerned with using the proper language, as he was constantly being reminded
"Release"
"Morning Injection"
"precision of language"
"Comfort object"
"Elsewhere"
"New Child"
-killing by lethal injection
-emotion killing drug
- words used do not describe what you mean
-stuffed animal
-afterlife

-baby
-citizens do not have any concept of death
-Citizens do not know what emotions are, morning injection is meant to sound like it is simply for their health
-said to warn a citizen of their misuse of words
-no animals
-citizens do not know death, so a made up land called Elsewhere is where they believe they go once released
-the word baby is too affectionate sounding
"Precision of language!"
"Distraught or Distracted?"
"Jonas was beginning to feel frightened. No. Wrong word"
" language was one of the most important tasks of small children"
" Needless to say, he will be released"
Theme
Theme- The message or moral that is conveyed through a medium regarding a general life lesson
The common theme between the book and movie,
The Giver
is, there is so much more to life than perfection and control
Visualization
Visualization- a strategy used to paint a picture in your head from words and texts.
Journey to Elsewhere
Community Appearance
How characters looked
Ambiguity
Ambiguity- The act of purposely leaving a story or event unclear or vague in order to allow one to make their own personal assumptions about the matter.
Which Had More Ambiguity?
There was a lot more ambiguity within the book as opposed to the movie. Lois Lowry purposely left pieces of the story up to he reader to have to speculate and decide on for themselves without the answer being explicitly given to them. The three major cliff hangers left to bewilder the readers, Throughout the book were: what lead society to becoming a utopia? What happens to the community after Jonas and Gabriel leave? Do Jonas and Gabriel live or die in the end? While the answers to these questions in the book were left up to the reader to decide, in the movie the answers are clearly given leaving very little, in which the viewer had to speculate upon.
Comparison of Ambiguity
Questions Unanswered in Book

What was the big event which lead to society going into "Sameness"?

After Jonas leaves the community what happens to the rest of society? Do they ever receive the memories that were set free?

Do Jonas and Gabriel live or die?


Answers to Questions Based Upon Movie

At the beginning of the movie it is quickly explained that the utopia arose from an event named The Ruin.

Community obtains color once again and the elders cease their performance of release on Fiona as they all begin to cry when the memories flow back into their awareness.

Jonas and Gabriel successfully make it to the long awaited Elsewhere. It is clear that they survive their journey because Jonas is narrating when the story comes to an end as if he were retelling the story.
Follow Jonas in his journey to freedom, love, and imp
e
rfection!

Drones overhead become cold for the sake of Jonas and Gabriel!
Jonas and Gabriel in the midst of fighting the ever so quickly decreasing temperatures as they ascend the great mountain altitudes, experience their first real snow!
Meet The Giver who has begun transmitting memories of the past to Jonas, his successor
His annex is located on the edge of the community where Jonas is learning what life was like before "sameness"
Jonas
and
Gabriel
flee the only society they have ever known and dive into the deep world of the underlying
"Elsewhere"
that had

enticed
Jonas ever since the first
snowy
memory
And they are out! Bicycling to a destination Jonas is not even sure exists.
Woods are deepening, becoming thicker with plants and animals Jonas and Gabriel would have never dreamed of seeing!
The fugitives see birds and a waterfall for the first time!
Hunger has set in, the packed food is long gone leaving Jonas and Gabriel with empty stomachs and quickly diminishing strength. Jonas now experiences what real deprivation of a necessity- he once took for granted- feels like.
Memories are fading, changing from long lasting moments, to agonizingly short wisps. Jonas and Gabriel finally experience rain and dramatically changing weather patterns!
Do Jonas and Gabriel make it?

Have the memories been transmitted back to the community to endure?

How far would you go to change an unknowing community of their wicked ways?

Book or Movie?

Utopia and dispassion or dystopia and compassion?

These questions are all left up to you because unlike in
The

Giver
we have the ability to choose and that ability should never be taken for granted.
As the reader, we pictured the community to be completely flawless with not an aspect out of place.
The entire community was an evenly divided perfect square.
Nature and landscape beautiful and always growing and prosperous- "There would be a glimpse of green- the landscaped lawn around the central plaza; a bush on the riverbank."
Every material is utterly spotless.
A great flowing river encircling the community marking its boundary.
Houses and building all perfectly symmetrical.

Book
Movie
Jonas has a new found wisdom of color, a quality that was put under control by society eliminating citizens ability to see colors. He begins to notice with increasing intensity all of the beautiful colors within the community
The life Jonas used to be content with feels as though it is lacking important aspects. Jonas is introduced to love and pain and realizes that he and The Giver are the only people in the community who must bare these emotions.
Jonas begins to notice the many
flaws
the so called "utopia" he lives in, has. When he finds out that "release" actually means
killing
citizens, he is dramatically disturbed. Jonas soon discovers that
Gabriel
(inadequately growing newchild) is scheduled to be
released
!
The only option Jonas has to save
Gabriel
from his inevitable
death
is to flee! Soon all the
memories
he obtained from
The Giver
will fade back onto the shoulders of the rest of society to bare.
Jonas is selected to be the new Receiver of Memory!
Theme within book
Love and family-





New experiences-




Feelings-



Family units within The Giver do not necessarily
love
each other. Jonas asks, "do you love me?" to his parents and they respond sharply, "You used a very generalized word so meaningless that it is almost
obsolete
." Jonas' parents cannot even feel true love for their son in this so called "perfect society." How can a place where parents do not even truly love their own children, even be considered perfect?
When Jonas and Gabriel finally escape their controlled environment they experience so many new
obstacles
in their journey that they would not have ever experienced within the community. "All of it was new to him. After a life of sameness and predictability he was awed by the
surprises
that lay beyond each curve of the road."
Jonas feels regret for leaving his community when he
escaped
however, " if he had stayed he would have starved in other ways. He would have lived a life hungry for
feeling
, for
color
, for
love
." All of these aspects had been stripped from the utopia, creating a dull society whose citizens essentially had nothing to live for.
Theme Within Movie
Passion and love-





Emotional experiences-
Jonas tries to express his feelings toward his crush, Fiona with a
kiss
. Sadly, Fiona cannot understand or reciprocate those feelings to Jonas due to the control over
love
and
emotion
within the community. "What was that?", asks Fiona after Jonas attempts to kiss her. "
Fiona
there is more. So much more."
Jonas after receiving all the new memories of life in past, begins to long for
life
to be that way again. he finds out what
emotions
are and realizes, "if you can't feel what's the point?" Jonas understands now that "knowing
what
something is not the same as knowing how something
feels
."
Which Showed Theme Better?
The book,
The Giver
expressed the theme more prominently than the movie did. The movie focused more on Jonas' actions as opposed to how he felt throughout the story. Throughout the book, Jonas' longing to escape from a life of sameness and perfection is emphasized and the reader is able to understand Jonas' hunger for a life that is unaltered and free.
Community was maintained well and when in black and white has a very peaceful and harmonious vibe. When Jonas started seeing color the community came to life vividly.
Had many technological advancements. Was made to seem very futuristic and with a touch of science fiction
Book
Movie
Pictured all characters to look very similar and plain with no extraordinary characteristics.
short hair
dark eyes
same skin tone
all ages to be same height
"Females lost their braids at ten and males, too...took on the manly short style which exposed their ears."
citizens in society seemed well organized and always pleasant
Characters appeared constantly pleasant, happy, and at peace
when at the choosing ceremony when all community members gather every character seemed to resemble one another
Organization was impeccable
Book
Movie
It seemed as though Jonas went though a specific series of areas on his journey before arriving at the winter home

1. Bicycled through deserted expanse of land slowly encountering more trees and wooded land

2.Camped out in forest wooded land where he saw unaccustomed plants and wildlife

3. Areas of extreme weather patterns

4. snow capped high altitude mountains with swirling snow and wind

5.Quaint Chistmas cottage surrounded by snow covered Evergreen trees
Did Movie Meet Standards of Book's Visuals?
The movie was successfully able to not only live up to, but maybe even exceed the visuals created from the book's descriptions. The movie clearly displayed the scenes we created in our minds while reading, very vividly allowing our created images to come to life. The addition of futuristic technology helped to give the movie a unique utopian touch.
Jonas traveled most of his journey through a large expanse of desert and canyons.
Showed the treacherous mountain altitudes and thick blurring snow
More action packed making the scene more intense. Jonas is sucked onto the drone and let go into a great flowing waterfall
Which Medium, Book or Movie was Better?
After all the book was the better medium. The book was able to explain more of the memories Jonas experienced and how they effected him. The novel was more implicit and allowed the reader to make up their own reasons to explain unanswered questions. The reader was able to understand more of Jonas' feeling throughout the book and Jonas' relationship with his friends and family were more explicitly depicted. In conclusion, even though the book was not as action packed as the movie, through clearer details, stronger character relationships, and scenes being elongated we prefer the book over the movie.
Charming snow covered log house
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