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Media Culture in the Occupy Movement

Investigates media practices in the Occupy movement; develops analytical framework 'social movement media culture.'

Sasha Costanza-Chock

on 1 June 2013

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Transcript of Media Culture in the Occupy Movement

Media Ecology Transparency Experts Amplification Messaging Standing Media Culture Characteristics Sasha Costanza-Chock @schock | http://schock.cc Media Teams & Working Groups Occupy Detroit Photo: Martin Engelking Occupy London Photos: Neil Cummings Occupy Vancouver Photo: Occupy Vancouver Media Occupy LA Photos: Neon Tommy Occupy Toronto Photo: Steve E. Sept. 3rd: OWS planning session, Tompkins Sq Park Photo: David Shankbone Occupy Wall St (NYC) Photo: David Shankbone Live Streams http://web.media.mit.edu/~cfd/occupystreamsmap/ http://globalrevolution.tv/ World Social Forum, Brazil, 2009 G8, Scotland, 2005 Photo: ClarA, https://docs.indymedia.org/Local/ImcUkG8Dispatch Occupydata Hackathon cdetar, occupy hashtag URL visualization: http://alltheurls.tirl.org/pixel/date/#all/1 Tweets in the Spanish #15M movement amac, new occupy hashtag users over time
http://montera34.com/occupyresearch/author/amac/ Overview Key Concepts Methods Media Culture Conclusions Discuss! Social Movement Media Culture Media Ecology Transmedia Mobilization Interviews | Participant Observation | Surveys | Network Analysis | Focus Groups | Textual Analysis | Biographies | + many more Print Film Games Design Mobile Music Posters Code Social Movement Media Culture People's Mic 14 Occupy @reply networks, by Ryanne Turenhout, Ruben Hazelaar, Thomas Boeschoten and Mirko Schäfer.
http://rlturenhout.net/2011/12/visualising-14-hashtag-networks-occupydata/ New Facebook Occupy supporter page activity Caren, Neal and Gaby, Sarah, Occupy Online: Facebook and the Spread of Occupy Wall Street (October 24, 2011). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1943168 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1943168 #OccupyWallSt, July 23rd #OccupyWallSt, October 13 Gilad Lotan, SocialFlow Social Media Social Media Media Practices "Things that people do with the media" (Couldry, 2004) The set of tools, skills, practices, and norms that social movement participants use to create, circulate, curate, and amplify movement media across platforms. Systematic dispersal of social movement narrative across multiple media platforms, creating a distributed and participatory movement ‘world,’ with multiple entry points for organizing, for the purpose of strengthening movement identity and outcomes. Characterized by: 1. political economy of the media system; 2. technical affordances of available media platforms; 3. levels of ICT access and read/write/execute media literacies in the population; 4. legal and normative constraints on speech. Megaphone + People's Mic,
WTO Jail Solidarity, Seattle, 1999
youtu.be/yBUZH2vCD_k?t=1h4m2s People's Mic, OWS, 2011 GAs
Open WGs
Open notes
Livestreaming GAs Security culture
Tyranny of structurelessness
Structural barriers
Egos & 'Hard Core' Are there media and communication experts who work to produce and circulate movement messages? If so, what are the accountability mechanisms that link their messaging to participation from the movement base? What are the movement's mechanisms for internal and external transparency in decisionmaking? Are there mechanisms (formal or informal) by which voices from the movement base are amplified across platforms? What steps does the movement take to lift up the voices of participants who are in positions of structural disadvantage? Formal mechanisms: POC WG, OTH
Procedural mods: Progressive Stack
Informal: Discussion, debate, dialogue Do movement norms encourage participants to speak for themselves, to speak but remain ‘on message,’ or not to speak at all? Are there few, or many, movement spokespeople who represent the movement in the mass media? How concentrated is movement ‘standing’ in mass media? How can we best understand the complex relationships between social movements and the media ecology? Mixed Methods, Open Research Network Open, Distributed, Collaborative Approaches Curate Circulate Create Tools, Skills, Practices, and Norms Practices | Transparency | Experts | Amplification | Messaging | Spokespeople | Openness | (etc) “At first press didn’t know we existed, but now we are a regular fixture for them and when someone isn’t at the table for a moment they really freak out. They have become so reliant on us that they often don’t put in any effort themselves to walk around and speak with people but instead ask us for two nurses and a teacher or whatever they want.” - OWS Press WG member "Well, there’s no typical day. But I think if I had to summarize or kind of approximate what a typical day would be, I would say that around 9 a.m., my alarm goes off. I have some tea. I tweet a little bit. I check my email. I try to eat something. Then I usually meet up with the media team, either here on-site or at our off-site location; check in with people with the Livestream, with social media; check in with the PR team to see if they’ve got any press releases or things that they want me to help push online; and then come through the park; have lunch in the park and talk with people; interview people on Twitter—on the new occupier hashtag so that they get introduced to other occupiers online—and then usually in the afternoon we have working group meetings. For example, the media team will meet, or the Arts & Culture committee, or the Community Relations committee. Later on, we’ll have General Assembly in the evening at seven and I try to tweet those, too, or at least help coordinate who’s live-tweeting each General Assembly so that people can stay informed. Also helping the media team and tech people put up new forms of interactive technology for the General Assembly, like projection screens and online polling and text responses and all of these things we’re trying to build to make it more interactive. And then in the evening if I’m lucky, I’ll get a chance to relax a little bit with folks here at camp, or maybe go meet up with some folks, or speak at a forum or a workshop in other places to do outreach, like at local colleges or local events and just kind of get the word out about what we’re doing. And then usually in the late-night, I’m back here at Zuccotti and doing like late-night media round-up: looking at the news of the day, doing question-answer sessions on the Livestream—people like to do that—and yeah, one or two or three in the morning, or maybe I just stay the whole night, I usually head back to Brooklyn and try to get some sleep." [Justin Wedes, interviewed by Brooklyn Ink] Adbusters Key Concepts
Media Ecology
Media Culture
Discussion Pablo Rey Mazon, Center for Civic Media: http://numeroteca.org/cat/frontpage-newspaper/ Occupy Boston Wisconsin, March 2011 Deep Dish TV, 1986 The Uptake, RNC 2008 Broadcast Infrastructure http://www.loudsauce.com/occupyspots OccupySpots Diversity of methods
Rapidly changing media ecology
Rich and complex media cultures
Both depth of experience + tactical innovation
Open & closed logics *Great moment to care about movement media!* =) ORGS Working Group:
* Christine Schweidler, Data Center
* Harisson Shultz, CUNY
* Hector Cordero-Guzman, CUNY
* Julia Sebastian, Data Center
* Mara Ortenburger, Data Center
* Saba Waheed, Data Center
* Sasha Costanza-Chock, MIT, Center for Civic Media, Occupy Research
* Stefania Milan, The Citizen Lab, Toronto
* Yvonne Yen Liu, ARC, Colorlines, Occupy Oakland
* Zeynep Tufekci, from UNC, and Berkman
* Sonya Rifkin, Data Center
* Martha Fuentes-Bautista, UMass Amherst
* UMass students (COMM397AB)
* David Gibson
* Patrick McCurdy
* Bobbywego
* jean-luce morlie (from belgium)
* mronayne74
* Carla Borsoi
* Anonymous
* Tristan Lear, Occupy Toledoz
* JThomas, Austin TX Lenses for thinking re: social movement media Lifecourse Media Ecologies AnonyOps: Anonymous call to action, September 28th Anthony Bologna pepper sprays Chelsea Elliot, Jeanne Mansfield, and 3rd Woman, September 24th 2011 700+ Arrests on Brooklyn Bridge, Sat. October 1st, 2011 Mic Check!
Media Culture and the Occupy Movement DREAM activists, 2010 Faceted browsing (cdetar, hackathon 2): http://www.occupyresearch.net/2012/03/24/faceted-browsing-of-orgs-data/ Free Software Open/Closed In what ways does the movement media culture lean towards open (participatory), and in what ways does it lean towards closed (top-down)? Livenotes: http://bit.ly/rp12notes-or Sept. 10th: Anonymous Video Calls for Support
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