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Sentence Structure

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by

Allison Zaide

on 3 June 2015

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Transcript of Sentence Structure

Simple sentences
Compound Sentences
Subordinate conjunctions
Subordinate clauses
Complex sentences
Compound-Complex sentences
Topic #5
Simple sentence examples
- A compound sentence is a sentence that contains at least
two
independent clauses.
Simple sentences
What are the three things that make a simple sentence?
By: Allison Zaide, Jazmine Mendoza, Marissa Gomez, Brody Sherak, Samantha Hicks, Alicia Roman
Sentence Structures
Subordinate Conjunctions
ACTIVITY

Instructions:
In this activity we will have five rounds. In each round we will have two volunteers. The winners of each round will receive a prize according to the difficultly level.
GOOD LUCK
(-:
FINALLY...
Subordinate Conjunctions
Joins
two clauses
, or
ideas
, in such a way as to make one grammatically dependent on the other.
Compound-Complex Sentences
Round 2
a) Joe waited for the train but the train was late.
b) Lilly sat down but.
c) The computer crashed then I ate cake.
d) My teacher taught me grammar; I am the best in the class.
e) And then I swam in the ocean.
Round 3
These are scattered words from a complex sentence. Put them back to its place!
though
he
was
very
rich
he
was
still
very
unhappy
How many compound sentences are there?
1. A subject

2. A verb

3. A complete thought
1. Brody waited for the bus.

Subject- "Brody" Verb-"waited"
2. The train to Hogwarts was late.
3. I looked for Alik on the field.
4. Jazmine sang "Party in the USA" at break today.
5. Allison drove her bug to school yesterday.
A compound-complex sentence is made up from two
independent clauses
and one or more
dependent clauses
.
-An
independent clause
can stand alone as a sentence. It is also known as a main clause.
-A
dependent clause
is a group of words that contain both a subject and a verb but cannot stand alone as a sentence. It is also known as a subordinate clause.
Examples:
1.
Although I like to go camping
,
I haven't had the time to go lately
, and
I haven't found anyone to go with
.
*Independent clause
*Dependent clause
Check:
Does the sentence have a dependent clause?
Does the sentence have two independent clauses?
2.
I sat in my chair
,
which was very comfortable
, and
I read all night long
.
They are placed
before
a complete sentence or independent clause.
Subordinate Clauses
A subordinate clause is a clause typically introduced by a conjunction, that forms a part of and is dependent on a main clause.
Round 4
Directions: Pick one subordinate clause and make it into a complex sentence.
1. After Jalen finished brushing his teeth...
2. Although Chase likes to eat Lasagna...
3. Before Bailey went to the store...
4. Because James is so great...
5. Until Crystal returns my shoes...
Here are some subordinate conjunctions:
after
although
as
because
if
how
since
when
so that

where
wherever
while
why
who
what
unless
until
before

Remember: A subordinate conjunction provides a transition between two ideas in the same sentence.
Reminders
Will contain both a subject and a verb
Also called a dependent clause
Will begin with a subordinate conjunction
Will not make a complete sentence
Compound Sentences
Examples of subordinate clauses:
1.
Whoever dislikes the new times,

can leave.
2.
I was at my friend's house
until the sun went down.
3.
At 4'o clock
, the bell will ring.
WORKS CITED:
Nordquist, Richard. "Compound Sentence Definition and Examples
Grammar."
Compound Sentence
. About.com, n.d. Web. 01 June 2015.
"Compound-Complex Sentences."
Compound-Complex Sentences
.
Orange Level, n.d. Web. 01 June 2015.
"What Are Subordinating Conjunctions?"
What Is a Subordinating
Conjunction
? N.p., n.d. Web. 01 June 2015.
"English Composition 1."
ENG 1001: Sentences: Simple, Compound,
and Complex
. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 June 2015.
- Compound sentences can be easily formed by using
coordinating conjunctions
or by using a
semicolon
.
"The Compound-Complex Sentence."
The Compound-Complex
Sentence
. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 June 2015.
Ex.) Sam was running on the track
until
Jazmine pushed her out of the way.
Ex.) Brody was late to class
because
he was eating at Taco Bell.
Examples of Compound Sentences:
1. Batman is a hero. He is successful in capturing criminals.
Batman is a hero,
and
he is successful in capturing criminals.
4. Ice cream is the best dessert
;
my favorite ice cream is chocolate.
5. The sky is clear
;
the stars are twinkling.
3. I want to go back home,
but
I have to go to school.
Remember:
Each independent clause has a subject and verb.
Complex Sentences:
What is a complex sentence?
Important things to know about complex sentences:
*

Always
has a
subordinating

conjunction
( introduces a subordinate clause )

or relative pronoun.
* If a sentence
starts off with a subordinating
conjunction then a comma
must
be put after the dependent clause.
* If the independent clause comes first then
no
comma is needed.


Complex Sentence Examples:

1.
After they left,
Sam and Marissa realized that Brody was waiting at the bus stop.
2.
While she waited at the bus stop,

Alyssa realized that the bus was late.
3.
Because Helia and Alyssa left before lunch,

I
did not see them at school.


When the dependent clause comes first as in the following :
When the independent clause comes first as in the following:

1. Michele realized the bus was late

while she waited at the bus stop
.
2. Sam and Marissa realized that Brody was waiting at the bus stop
after they left on the train
.
Note: Did you realize that the sentences that start with the independent clause don't have a comma?
Ex.)
As
Marissa walked to class, she tripped over a rock
*Black words are the first clause and
blue
words are the second clause.
tripped over a rock
> Marissa walked to class
He slept early.
Because Jaymoni was out late
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