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A History of Music Recording Technology

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Erin Wescombe

on 10 September 2014

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Transcript of A History of Music Recording Technology

A History of Music Recording Technology

invented the machine to sound. The machine had needles, for
The Phonograph
Year 5/6 Design and Technology

Thomas Edison
recording sound
and the other for

playing music back
Recorded and played off of a ...

Tin Foil Cylinder
What did the Phonograph have on
Did you know...
Thomas was mostly deaf
when he invented the

Thomas lost his
hearing as a child.
Thomas Edison's first words recorded on the Phonograph were
"Mary had a little lamb".
For the first time ever, people could listen to music on their Phonograph at home, whenever they wanted.
Before the Phonograph was invented, people could only
listen to music during live performances.
The Gramophone
invented the Gramophone so that music could be recorded onto A spiral groove with sound information on it was onto the

flat discs.
Interesting facts....
The Gramophone record was able to play up
to 2 minutes of music!

7" Records were firstly made out of , then , and then eventually they were made out of
Why did Emile invent the Gramophone?
Emile wanted to invent a device that played more than one song at a time.

wax of the flat record, with a
What did the Gramophone have on

The disc records were able to be easily mass produced by a printing press.
During World War II, records were being sent from the USA to military camps for boosting morale. The records kept breaking in transit, due to their brittleness, therefore vinyl records were introduced, as they were more flexible.
For the first time, people had a wide selection of choice of music to play at home.
The Carbon Microphone
Emile Berliner
Emile wanted a device that had a better sounding quality than the Phonograph.
invented The Carbon Microphone, which was able to convert
into an
electrical signal.
Emile Berliner
Parts of a Carbon Microphone
What did the Carbon Microphone have on
It was used for radio transmission, and telephone trasmitters up until the 1970's.
It didn't require a power source, therefore third world countries were able to use it.
Unfortunately, it produced a noise called the "carbon hiss". Therefore, it wouldn't produce music effectively.
9 years later...

Emile Berliner
The Victrola Model Record Player
A music label in the USA called , introduced the that had various turntable
RCA Victor
1949 model
1906 model
1911 model
first record player
What did
Victrola Model Record Player
have on
Although people were excited about the player, during
The Great Depression
sales were at an all time low. People didn't have jobs, and couldn't afford to buy the records, or the players.
Unemployed men
during The Great Depression
The Tape Recorder
Did you know...
In 1948, Columbia Records made the first successful microgroove plastic 33-1/3 LP (long play) record.

The record was able to play 20 minutes of music per side.
The Transistor Radio
was produced. It was the first radio small enough for people to take anywhere with them.

The Radio
was invented
Semi Joseph Begun

developed the first magnetic Tape Recorder for broadcasting. It was able to as well as the
record music,
human voice.
Did you know....
The Tape Recorder was used in the 1936 Olympics.
The Tape Recorder revolutionised sound recording. The magnetic tape could record live radio broadcasts.
What did the Tape Recorder have on
The magnetic tape was able to be recorded over and over again. It held a high amount of data, and was easy to store.
The Compact Cassette Tape

a technology company, released the
Compact Cassette Tape

to their USA and European customers.
Did you know...
The Compact Cassette Tape was originally developed for people to record their own voice on, however it quickly became a better alternative for recording and listening to music on.
What did the Compact Cassette Tape have on
A standard Cassette Tape could hold up to 45 minutes of data on both sides.
1. People could record information on tape for future reference
2. People could record their own music
3. The tape could be placed in an answering machine for recording telephone messages
4. Audio books were recorded on tape for Blind people to listen to
Cassette Tapes not only revolutionised the music industry,
they provided assistance to people.

1969, The Internet was developed, allowing data to be transferred from one computer to another.
The Walkman
Sony, a technology corporation released it's
to the world.
first portable cassette
In the 80's, Sony released the Super Walkman that was just big enough to fit a Cassette Tape.
Did you know...
The Walkman offered people the option of listening to AM/FM radio, or listening to their Cassette Tapes.
What did the Walkman
have on
Choosing a Cassette Tape was more about what type of personality you were, and expressing that to the world
People believed listening to Cassette Tapes was a way to express their emotions, whether they were happy, excited or sad, etc.
The Compact Disc
The Phillips and Sony Corporations
presented the
It was the first technology to read music data with a The first
first Compact Disc.
Did you know...
A CD is 120mm in diameter
What did the Compact Disc have on
A standard CD holds 74 minutes of data
Originally, the design goal of the CD was to store the capacity of
Beethoven's 9th Symphony (74 minutes).
digital sound.
The CD Player
In the early 80's, the first CD player was up for sale to the public in the USA for $1000.
At the time, this was very expensive to the average person.
By the early 90's, Compact Discs were the popular choice of music carrier for people.

CD's were popular because they didn't damage whilst being played, and the sound quality had a much lower distortion than the Cassette Tape.
Due to the popularity of CD's, by the late 80's cars were available to purchased with CD players built into them.
In the 90's, CD-R (recordable) and CD-RW (rewritable) were available to the public. People starting taking advantage of these CD's by illegally burning/ downloading music. Copyright laws started adapting to prevent this issue.
The MP3 Player
The MP3 player was invented by a German man named

The was designed for audio compression that didn't impact on
Harlheinz Bradenburg.

MP3 player

Harlheinz Bradenburg
Did you know...
Mp3 stands for MPEG Audio Layer III
What did the MP3 player have on
The cost for MP3 music distribution was a lot cheaper for the Music Industry, compared to distributing Records, Tapes and CDs.
Due to the Internet, people were illegally sharing MP3 files with one another. This started costing the Music Industry millions of dollars per year.
The iPod
Steve Jobs
invented the which held and even Music could be added and edited in an
music, photos movie data.
iTunes Library
on a computer.
What did the iPod have on
People loved the iPod, especially as it was able to store a wide selection of music, photos and movies on a small device.
This information had a significant impact on the development of the iPhone, which was released in 2007.
This is a timeline of the
10 most influential music recording technologies
in history, and what impacts they have had on society.
By looking at the 10 most influential music technologies in history, it can be said that music has been an important part of people's everyday lives for a number of years.
What is the future of music technologies?

Through looking into the evolution of analog to digital music, it could be said that future music technology will likely continue along the digital path, providing better storage of data, with excellent sound quality, in potentially even smaller formats.
One day, companies such as Apple or Sony, may invent a pair of digital glasses for the public, giving customers the ability to listen to stored music anywhere they like, whilst also having access to other multiple forms of data, in the blink of an eye.
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