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The Three Fifths Compromise
Transcript of The Three Fifths Compromise
James Wilson and Roger Sherman proposed the three fifths compromise
What the three fifths compromise stated
"Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons."
How Did it Begin
When the constitutional convention delegates came to an agreement that the representatives in the house of representatives would be elected by each state through population, they had to agree on who would be counted as part of the population. This became a problem, especially on slaves. Those in the south and those in the north disagreed on if slaves counted as part of the population. The three-fifths compromise was created so that both their thoughts "compromised" (both got part of what they wanted and lost a part as well).
I thought it was interesting as to why the slaves were seen as property. I think if slavery wasn't an issue, if they were just seen as people, then they would never have had to argue. It's weird to think that back in those days just because of the skin color, they were seen as property. However, I think it's a good idea that they finally compromised in the end and decided on three fifths. I think if the north and the south had kept on arguing, the constitution may never had been created, and that could have ended badly.
I think I would side with the south though because they wanted the slaves to be counted as part of the population, because it was better for them, I still think that slaves should have been seen as people. I know that people had a different mind set back then, but I still wouldn't see that as right. I'm glad I got to learn who helped made it, as well as the perspective on both sides of the argument.
How the three fifths compromise works
The Three Fifths Compromise
Born: September. 14, 1742
-Member of Committee of Correspondance
-Wrote a pamphlet called "Considerations on the Nature and Extent of the Legislative Authority of the British Parliament."
-Was on continental congress
-Didn't agree with the Constitution
-Member of Continental Congress
-A member of those that created the Articles of Confederation as well as the Constitution
-Helped with New Jersey plan
-Served in U.S. House of Representatives
What was it?
The Three Fifths Compromise was created so the northern and southern states wouldn't argue with each other. They argued because they didn't agree with whether slaves should be counted as part of the population while voting or not, in other words, if they should be represented.
Those in the south wanted slaves to be counted as part of the population because they had many slaves compared to the north. They thought it would be unfair if slaves weren't represented because they were part of the population. However, those in the north thought of slaves just as property. As they said, "if the slaves count as part of the population, how come our horses and cattle wouldn't be counted as it too?" Both sides had their own reasoning as to why the slaves should or should not be counted as part of the population
Why the two side disagreed
What north thought
What south thought