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Jazz-Maple Leaf Rag
Transcript of Jazz-Maple Leaf Rag
Its popularity peaked between 1897 and 1918
It started out as dance music in the 'red-light' areas of St Louis and New Orleans African American communities Although it is unclear, Scott Joplin was probably born in North-Eastern Texas on the 24th of November, 1868. When he was still only little, his family moved to Texarkana from the farm they had been living on.
Joplin had access to the piano of a white family home where his mother worked, and used it to teach himself the basics of music. His talent was noticed by a local music teacher, Julius Weiss, who gave him further instruction, and placed special emphasis on the European art forms. This may be the root of Joplin's desire to become a recognised classical composer. Maple Leaf Rag The key of this piece is A-flat major, and it does modulate about four times, however at times, the piece may sound minor.
It's a repeating pattern, with not much contour, but other sections give the piece quite a varied contour. The key signature of the piece is simple duple, or more commonly known as two-four, and it lasts the entire piece. There is a little bit of syncopation, but only on the first beat of each 'phrase' in the left hand. The beat is also present throughout the entire piece, mainly in the left hand, but also in the right hand at some places. The rhythm changes a bit throughout the piece, which can also make it sound like the player is slowing down. It has a ritornello structure, but most of the sections are variations on the opening in a different key. There are also a few extra sections which are completely different. ~Scott Joplin Years later, it became popular as piano sheet music
It was also a modification of the march by JP Sousa crossed with polyrhythms distinctive of African music
Ragtime began to lose popularity as jazz claimed prominence, but there have been revivals In the 1880s, Joplin lived in Sedalia, Missouri, and attended the Lincoln High School in the black neighbourhood. There are also .theories that it may have been at this point in time that he started his musical career
A 1981 Newspaper report is the first documented sign of Joplin's musical career. It reports he was in Texarkana again and working with a minstrel troupe. In 1983 in Chicago (at the World fair), Joplin led a band and played the cornet. After this, he returned to Sedalia, established his home there and played first cornet in the Queen City Cornet Band-a local 'black' band. He was a member for only a year, before forming his own band, which played at dances and other events. He travelled around, but was based still in Sedalia, and when not travelling, he worked here as a pianist, playing at different events and places. He also instructed many young musicians, two of which he collaborated with. The Maple Leaf Rag!!! Texture Thankyou for watching!!! The texture of this piece is homophonic, the right hand has the melody, while the left hand (bass) simply provides accompaniment. For one bar, the left hand takes the melody, but it returns almost immediately to the right hand. At one point, the texture becomes almost polyphonic, as the right hand starts to play a separate melody along with the main melody. The texture is relatively thick, as the chords have around three note, but span a large radius, and it generally stays the same throughout the piece, but sometimes varies. Tone Colour Dynamics and Expressive Techniques The piece is generally in forte, but in some places, for example, the ascending arpeggio, the volume drops, then gradually ascends, to provide more shape in the music. There are also changes in speed. It is played on piano, and is more high-pitched. It's quite a light, and happy piece of music, however, this mood changes in some sections. It's quite bouncy with the short, staccato notes