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Transcript of Bc Forestry
Where in BC is Forestry located?
3. Is your industry a renewable or non-renewable resource? Provide definitions of both.
Primary: One of the main industries in the region. BC has:
* Natural Resources- Forestry, Mining
a natural resource that can replenish itself naturally over time, either through biological reproduction or other natural recurring processes
a resource that does not renew itself at a sufficient rate for sustainable economic extraction in meaningful human time-frames
Forestry is a renewable resource as long as it is adequately monitored, protected and conserved.
4. How does it contribute to the local and provincial economies – i.e. how many people does it employ, what are the revenues, etc.?
5. Is your industry involved in Free Trade with any other nations? If so, describe.
11. Are there environmental issues surrounding this industry and if so, what are the possible solutions?
Secondary: A main industry in the region that is involved in types of services such as:
Tertiary: Types of economic activity that manufactures finished goods:
Quaternary: Types of media, culture and government that is specific to a regional area
Future prospects of Forestry
The North Central Region is a provincial leader in forestry with twelve sawmills running in the area, from Mackenzie and Fort St. James, to Vanderhoof, Prince George and McBride.
The Forest Industry includes:
- Commercial logging
- Lumber mills
- Exporting lumber
What types of jobs does it include and what is the trend in that employment?
Technology jobs: automating services and products, new forestry computer systems, sales
Environmental supervisors, industrial electricians, chemical engineers
New jobs are being created and in 2-3 years there are thought to be 15,000 long-termed jobs that will be available.
Evaluate the risks when an economy like BC is so highly dependent on a Primary Industry.
*Pine beetle infestation
*Soft wood lumber agreement
Is the Industry expanding or decreasing in its contribution to the economy?
lumber production and exports have been trending upwards with expanding Asian markets, especially China
till end of Oct. 2013, BC softwood exports to China reached $1.17 billion
BC brand products well established globally
market sharing in U.S, China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan
Investment opportunities in BC forest sector offer a stable supply of quality products to international buyers
The forest industry is the largest segment of British Columbia’s economy.
In 2012, BC's forestry provided 56,600 direct jobs by LFS.
In 2011, the total expenditure is $97,100,000.
In 2011, the total wages and salaries is $619,820,000.
The Industry is currently expanding nationally to the Asian markets, finding new resources, new jobs on a global scale, and new university programs
producing green sustainable products is generating thousands of well-paying jobs
green building and carbon credits are creating opportunities for innovation
the creation of new forest products will help BC fight climate change
FPSC estimates BC forest sector will have shortage of workers (10,000 - 32,000)
forest product enterprises will need 120,000 new workers by 2020
Intermediate field engineer:
four year schooling
lumber manufacturing operations
road & block layout
Horizons: Canada Moves West by Michael Cranny, Graham Jarvis, Garvin Moles, and Bruce Seney
Canada-Korea Free Trade Agreement (CKFTA)
The CKFTA will provide the Canadian forestry sector with new market access, offering diversification and export opportunities to Canadian industry.
Under the CKFTA, all South Korean tariffs on forestry and value-added wood products will be eliminated.
The CKFTA contains strong provisions on non-tariff measures that will ensure that market access gains in the forestry and wood building products sectors are not undermined by unjustified trade barriers.
Trade Agreement (FTA)
The Canada-Jordan FTA entered into force on October 1, 2012.
It will boost opportunities in this key sector by eliminating tariffs on over 99 percent of current Canadian exports, putting them on par with their international competitors in the market.
The Jordanian government is supporting expansion in the building industry.
The 1912 Forestry Act legislated competitive bidding for timber leases and established a forestry service to enforce the new regulations.
In 1947, the Forestry Act was revised. For the first time, steps were taken to ensure that only as much timber is cut as can be replaced by new growth, assuming a certain amount of loss from fire and disease.
In 1995, the B.C. government passed a new Forest Practices Act, which ensured a sustained forest resource under strict conservation guidelines.
Corporations need to use the method of selective logging instead of clear-cutting.