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Transcript of Civil Rights
of Education Due to the "seperate but equal" rule, Black students weren't getting the same education as white students were. The white's education was far superior to the blacks proving that the schools were seperate but not equal. The supreme court decided that seperate public schools for blacks and white was unconstitutional and paved the way for integration. Martin Luther King Jr. MLK was an important leader who was a part of the African American civil rights movement. He was inspired by Gandhi's teachings and used non-violent methods to help end discrimination against blacks. King helped arrange the Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped found the SCLC. MLK is probably the most famous for his "I Have a Dream" speech that he presented at the March on Washington. He also won the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to end racial segregation and discrimination. Rosa Parks was another black civil rights activist who refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white person. This was not the first time something like that occurred but she was arrested and her actions lead to the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Rosa Parks Montgomery
Bus Boycott Blacks didn't like that they had to sit in the back of the public busses and were required to give up their seats to white people. After Rosa Parks' arrest, the boycott was arranged by Martin Luther King Jr in order to stop segregation in public busses. For about a year, blacks chose to walk instead of take the busses which, in return, hurt the economy and eventually lead to integrated busses. March
Washington This was a political rally in Washington D.C. to support civil rights for African Americans. During the march is when Dr. Martin Luther King made his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. This march helped lead to the passing of the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act. Malcolm X Malcolm X was another African American civil rights leader and was a well known spokesman for Black Muslims. He was against integration and tried to convince the black people to give up their Christian religion and reject integration. Malcolm was similar to Martin Luther King in that he also wanted to end white racism although they both took their beliefs in opposite directions. Civil Rights Act of 1964 The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was an important piece of legistlation that outlawed major discrimination against women and blacks. This act ended racial segregation in public schools, work places, and in the general public. Another thing it did was end unequal application of voter registration. Thurgood Marshall Thurgood Marshall was the first African American justice in the United States Supreme Court. He had argued in front of the Supreme Court before and had victory in the Brown v. Board of Education trial. Early on in his career, Marshall fought to end racial segregation. SCLC The SCLC started with the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The name stands for Southern Christian Leadership Conference. They believed in non-violent protests and were determined to make all people, despite race, creed, gender, or background, equal. The SCLC spread across the south, helped changed laws, and is still in existence today. This act was signed into law on August 6, 1965 by President Lyndon Johnson. It outlawed the discriminatory voting practices adopted in many southern states after the Civil War, including literacy tests as a prerequisite to voting. The 24th amendment was a law that made it illegal to charge poll tax. Poll tax was a fee that had to be paid in order to vote, and made it so people with little money could not vote. This meant that many minorities who didn’t get paid a lot couldn’t afford to vote. This caused an uproar, which eventually lead to the creation of the 24th amendment. 24th Amendment Civil Rights Act
of 1957 This Civil Rights Act was introduced during Eisenhower's presidency. President Eisenhower was not known for particularly supporting civil rights even though Eisenhower himself came up with this act and sent it through congress. In the end, however, the act was weakened due to lack of democratic support. Philip
Randolph Philip Randolph was considered to be the most dangerous African American at the time. He spoke out for all of the people without equal rights, including blacks, poor whites, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Indians. He banned dicrimination in armed forces. Freedom
Riders The Freedom rides took place in May of 1961, when 7 blacks and 6 whites boarded a bus in Washington D.C. bound for the Deep South. It was a form of a peaceful protest that was intended to test the Supreme Court's law. The people involved were severely beaten. The result was that Kennedy was pressured to end the violence. Jackie Robinson Jackie Robinson was the first black major league baseball player. When he was signed by the Dodgers, he shattered a color barrier. Despite a lot of racial tension, the Dodgers' manager pulled Jackie out of the once-existent all-black Major League and signed him to the previously all-white MLB. This set the course for other black baseball players which eventually created the diverse MLB we have today. Voting Rights Act of 1965