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STOT Presentation

Justine Yau

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of Homosexuality

Homosexuality, society and ethics Is homosexuality nature or nurture? NATURE NURTURE (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr NATURE (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr D.F. Swaab (1990) NURTURE (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr 3,826 twins in Sweden

39% of homosexual behavior = genes
61% = Individual-specific environmental factors

18-19% = genetics
16-17% = shared environment
64-66% = Individual-specific environmental factors

Mix but shows evidence of greater environmental factors Sexual orientation:

"Identifies the sex of persons to which an individual directs not only his/her behavior but also their sexual fantasies"
(Jacques Balthazart) Kinslet et al (1940):
3-10% of men are homosexual

Lower figure in women
Added significance of bisexuals Demographics of sexual orientation in the US, men and women aged 18 - 44
(Mosher et al., 2005) Postmortem examinations

Hypothalamus: 2x larger in homosexuals

Hypothalamus - portion of brain directly related to sexual drive and function Dean Harmer ("Gay Gene Study") Examined family trees

Remarkable concordance for 5 genetic markers on a section of the X chromosome (Xq28)

Statistical probability of the 5 markers matching: 1/100,000
Decreased validity with replication Dr. Niklas Långström Individual life events Child rape/pedophilia encounters/abuse

Decreases desire for opposite sex
Only accounts for 10%

Over time, individuals sexual preference may change

In this case, is there really a gene? Why is this important?? No decisive conclusion thus far Desire for a definitive conclusion

But "nature vs. nurture" will almost always exist as a continuum Genetics?

More positive light?

Do we have the right to condemn a choice they cannot make? Society's perception Sinful and shameful?
Religion?  LAWS Homosexuality is immoral 1.Homosexuality is unnatural.
2.Evolution demands that we procreate...
it leads to the extinction of the human race.
3.Homosexuality leads to health problems &
mental health problems.
4.Dangerous to children.
5.If homosexuality is found acceptable, then more people will become homosexual Homosexuality is morally permissible 1.“People Are Born Homosexual.”
2.Homosexual Orientation Is Natural/Normal
3.Homosexual Orientation Is Morally Neutral
(Right use/Abuse)
4.It does not harm anyone else Same-Sex Marriage Illegal "No interest is compelling enough to justify gay marriage"
----Ryan Normandin, The Tech,Volume 131, MIT, 2011 Same Sex Legal Resolution Yet to be discovered! ETHICS Homosexuality: Legal & Ethical Perspective [Homosexuality] is a dark, twisted, and dangerous lifestyle…

…75% of homosexual men have more than 100 sexual partners during their lifetime. More than half of these partners are strangers. Only 8% of homosexual men and 7% of homosexual women ever have relationships lasting more than three years… Male homosexuals average over 20 partners a year…

----Thomas Schmidt, Straight and Narrow, (1995) 308 2007 Pew Global Research Poll: Should homosexuality be accepted in society? the big picture One, of course, is the individual's recognition that her or his own sexual orientation is as natural and as fundamental to identity as is the color of the skin. It is both naive and cruel to tell a lesbian or gay man, ‘Your sexual orientation is still unnatural and a perversion.'
----J. B. Nelson, "Religious and Moral Issues in Working with Homosexual Clients," 1991 Journal of Homosexuality 7, Nos. 2-3, ed. The Big Picture World Homosexuality Laws: 2012 Fact--Same-sex couples are unable to procreate.

Law--So, can “enhanced happiness” be a compelling
enough interest to justify same sex marriage? Unwanted Outcome
-Incest can be lawful! (Source:World homosexuality laws map, Wikipedia) (Source:2007 Pew Global Research "Homosexuality", Wikipedia) It confers many rights, protections, and benefits --
both legal and practical.
... ...
Crime Victim’s Recovery Benefits
Divorce Protections
Domestic Violence Protection
Insurance Breaks
Medical Decisions on Behalf of Partner
Social Security Survivor Benefits
Sick Leave to Care for Partner
Tax Breaks
Visitation of Partner in Hospital or Prison
... ... (Source: Nolo, Marriage Rights & Benefits http://www.nolo.com/legal-encyclopedia/marriage-rights-benefits-30190.html Homosexuality: a Religious perspective 1 Corinthians 6: 9-10 Genesis "Having that disposition does not justify the expression of that disposition"

Ravi Zacharias Christianity "Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who practice homosexuality, nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor the drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God." (ESV) Man made in God's image Answer: Jesus Christ 1 Peter 2:24 "He himself bore the sins in his body on the cross, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness, by his wounds you have been healed." (NIV) Natural tendencies?

Homosexual tendencies? A Sin and a Crime Punishment and execution by the sword Muhammad: Islam Haraam - forbidden "[K]ill the one who does it, and the one to whom it is done." What are their rights? Should this be determined by whether or not they can determine their own sexual orientation? Environmental Society: what is happening? Sodomy, from legal in most of Europe to the death penalty 13th century Last known execution for homosexuality in Britain 1836 Karl Heinrich Ulrichs
Pioneer of LGBT rights movement 19th century 1970:
First gay liberation march in NYC
Sweden: first country to allow transgendered people to change sex, FREE hormone therapy 20th century 1974:
Robert Grant, oppose gay agenda
Beginning of Modern Christian right
First gay pride flag flown in San Fransisco 20th century 1989: Denmark first country to allow civil union of same-sex couples
(all rights except adoption + church marriage)
HK decriminalizes homosexuality 20th century 2002:
Sweden legalizes adoption for same sex couples 21st century Countries where same-sex marriage is legal:
South Africa

US: Massachusetts, Connecticut, Iowa, Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, Maine, Maryland, and Washington. What now?
Where is all this heading? Problems

Already presented as seen by the conflicts

Religion Solutions DISCUSSION QUESTIONS Who has the right to judge homosexuals? Religion/Law?

What can be done to alleviate pressure on homosexuals? should same sex marriage be universally permitted? Education? Are there any? - Give people both sides of the debate and a sense of acceptance

- Montgomery County (already started in the US)

- Open students minds and hope to reduce bullying

- Also, help those who may be discovering they are homosexual

- Faced lawsuits in attempting to start giving these classes

- Ahead of the country in providing education
Alone as well?
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